SPOT series background

Initiated by the French space agency CNES in 1977 and run by Spot Image, based in Toulouse, France, SPOT was the first European Earth-observation satellite programme. The series was developed in associaion with Belgian and Swedish institutions. The SPOT (Satellite Pour l’Observation de la Terre) series under CNES operated five satellites between 1986 and 2015, creating a 29 year archive of high resolution imagery.

CNES continued the legacy of the original five SPOT satellites with the Pléiades satellites, offering improved imaging capabilities.

Airbus Defence and Space continued with the SPOT series when CNES ended their programme in 2015. Airbus' commercial SPOT 6 and seven satellites, launched in 2012 and 2014 respectively, also work with the Pléiades satellites, offering very high resolution imagery and data continuity for their predecessors in the series.

  SPOT 1 SPOT 2 SPOT 3 SPOT 4 SPOT 5 SPOT 6 SPOT 7
Operators CNES (owner), Spot Image (operator) Airbus DS
Launch dates 22 February 1986 22 January 1990 26 September 1993 24 March 1998 4 May 2002 9 September 2012 30 June 2014
EOL November 2003 July 2009 November 1996 29 June 2013 March 2015 operating nominally operating nominally
Orbit Height 832 km 694 km
Orbit Type Near-polar, sun-synchronous phased orbit local equator crossing time 10:30 on descending orbit at an altitude of 830 km completing over 14 revolutions per day
Orbit Period 101 minutes 98.79 minutes
Inclination 98.7° 98.2°
Repeat Cycle 26 days
Onboard sensors provided under TPM HRV HRV HRV HRVIR, VEGETATION HRG, HRS, VEGETATION NAOMI NAOMI
Resolution HRV: 10 m (PAN), 20 m HRVIR: 10 m (PAN), 20 m HRG: 2.5 m (PAN), 10 m (MS), 20 (SWIR)
HRS: 10 m (cross track), 5 m (along-track)
1.5 m (PAN), 6 m (MS)
Swath Width HRV: 117 (60 + 60) km HRVIR: 117 (60 + 60) km HRG: 117 (60 + 60) km
HRS: 120 km
60 km


 

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