earth online
terms & conditionscookie noticeprivacy notice

These terms and conditions constitute an agreement with the user or registered user of this site ("You") and the European Space Agency ("ESA"), with head office at 8/10 rue Mario Nikis, 75738 Paris cedex, France.

The terms and conditions apply to the European Space Agency's Earth Online and Swarm Product Data Handbook websites.

Earth Online presents news and information on ESA activities in the field of Earth observation. The website offers technical information on a wide range of satellite missions ESA either operate or are involved in, along with their instruments and the data acquired by those instruments.

In addition, the website presents news, information on upcoming events, technical documentation, and details of Earth observation activities and campaigns that may support the satellite missions.

The Swarm Product Data Handbook contains detailed descriptions of Level 1b and Level 2 products resulting from ESA’s Swarm mission.


Access to, and use of, ESA's Earth Online and Swarm Product Data Handbook websites constitutes acceptance of the following general terms and conditions.

Neither ESA nor any other party involved in creating, producing or delivering the websites shall be liable for any direct, incidental, consequential, indirect or punitive damages arising out of Users' access to, or use of, the websites. ESA does not guarantee the accuracy of information provided by external sources and accepts no responsibility or liability for any consequences arising from the use of such data.

Though ESA uses the best technical standards to control its sites, material on these websites may inadvertently include technical inaccuracies or other errors. We should be grateful if users could notify us of any errors or inaccuracies they may find. Please note that users browse and use the websites at their own risk. ESA does not warrant that the functional aspects of the websites will be uninterrupted or error free or that these websites, or the server that makes them available, are free or viruses or other harmful components. ESA may change material on the sites without prior notice.

Access and availability of service and links

ESA's Earth Online and Swarm Product Data Handbook websites may contain links and references to third-party websites. These are provided for the convenience and interest of users and on the part of ESA this implies neither responsibility for, nor approval of, information contained in these websites. ESA makes no warranty, either express or implied, as to the accuracy, availability or content of information, text, graphics which are not under the '' domain. ESA has not tested any software located on other sites and does not make any representation as to the quality, safety, reliability or suitability of such software.

Use of IP address

The IP address is a number that is automatically given to your computer when you are surfing on the internet. Servers and 'big computers' that host web pages, automatically identify your computer through its IP number. ESA's Earth Online and Swarm Product Data Handbook websites do not use IP addresses to carry out statistical analysis of visitors.

Use of cookies

Cookies are small bits of data that a website may send to the browser on your device, for instance mobile device or computer, upon your visit to the website. Cookies may allow a website to recognise an individual's device and store some information about the user.

If you do not wish to receive a cookie, or if you wish your browser to notify you when you receive a cookie, you may use the option on your web browser to disable cookies. Click on the 'help' section of your browser to learn how to change cookie preferences. However, please note that if you disable all cookies you may not be able to take advantage of all the features available on this website.

ESA is committed to user privacy. It does not use personal identification details transferred through cookies either for promotion or marketing purposes.

For further information regarding the use of cookies on our website, please refer to our Cookie Notice.


The contents of ESA's Earth Online and Swarm Product Data Handbook websites are intended for non-commercial use. ESA grants permission to users to visit the sites, and to download and copy information, images, documents and materials from the websites for non-commercial use. ESA does not grant the right to resell or redistribute any information, documents, images or material from its websites or to compile or create derivative works from material on its websites. Use of material on the websites is subject to the terms and conditions outlined below.

All material published on the ESA Earth Online and Swarm Product Data Handbook websites are protected by copyright and owned or controlled by ESA or the party credited as the provider of the content, software or other material.

Copyright in the material must be recognised by an appropriate on-screen credit in a form such as "European Space Agency - ESA". If a remote sensing product is being used, the credit "produced from ESA remote sensing data" must be added, plus, if applicable, "image processed by (name of the institution as indicated on the Internet Server)".

You may not modify, publish, transmit, participate in the transfer or sale of, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, display or in any way exploit any of the content, software, material or services, in whole or in part, without obtaining prior written authorisation. In order to obtain authorisation to display or use any content of the ESA Earth Online or Swarm Product Data Handbook websites, please make a request for authorisation through our TellUS service.

This Authorisation shall be governed and shall be interpreted in accordance with the law of France. All disputes arising out of, or in connection with, the present Authorisation shall be finally settled under the Rules of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce by one or more arbitrators appointed in accordance with the said Rules. The language of arbitration shall be English. The place of arbitration shall be Paris, France.

Images or videos released by ESA under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 IGO (CC BY- SA 3.0 IGO) Licence

Where expressly so stated, images or videos are covered by the Creative Commons Attribution- ShareAlike 3.0 IGO (CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO) licence, ESA being an Intergovernmental Organisation (IGO), as defined by the CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO licence.

The terms used with capitals herein are defined in the CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO licence.

The user is allowed under the terms and conditions of the CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO licence to Reproduce, Distribute and Publicly Perform the ESA images and videos released under CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO licence and the Adaptations thereof, without further explicit permission being necessary, for as long as the user complies with the conditions and restrictions set forth in the CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO licence, these including that:

  1. The source of the image or video is duly credited (Examples: “Credit: ESA/Rosetta/NavCam – CC BY-SA IGO 3.0”, “ESA/DLR/FU Berlin, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO”, “ESA/Photographer’s name, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO”), and
  2. A direct link to the CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO licence text is provided, and
  3. If changes were made to the original image or video, there is a clear statement on the Adaptation indicating that changes were made to the original content; Adaptations must be Distributed or Publicly Performed under the Applicable License, as set forth in Article 4b of the CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO licence. 

The user must not use Adaptations stating or implying the endorsement by ESA or any ESA employee of the Adaptations that the user has made or in any other manner that might mislead.

No warranties are given. The licence may not give the user all of the permissions necessary for the intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how the user uses the material.

To view a copy of this license, please visit

The ESA logo is owned by ESA and protected by trademarks and under Article 6 of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. You may not modify or create derivatives of the ESA logo. Any use, reproduction, publication, display, transmission, making available to the public or exploitation of the ESA logo requires prior written authorisation. For authorisation, please contact: