Thematic Mapper (TM) Products Information

Products Information

The latest Landsat TM and ETM+ products have been generated as part of the Systematic Landsat Processing Archive (SLAP) project conducted since 2013 (the MSS dataset has started to be processed in 2015) and include data from the Kiruna, Maspalomas and Matera archives (including the Fucino, Neustralitz, O'Higgins, Malindi, Libreville and Bishkek Ground Stations).

There are three types of reprocessed Level 1 Landsat product available for user download:

  • Precision Ortho-Corrected Level 1 Product (L1T): Level 1 Terrain corrected product; The most accurate level of processing as they incorporate Ground Control Points (GCPs) and a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) to provide systematic geometric and topographic accuracy; with geodetic accuracy dependent on the number, spatial distribution and accuracy of the GCPs over the scene extent, and the resolution of the DEM used.
  • Improved Level 1 Product (L1G+): L1G+ is an intermediate accuracy product generated when the estimated geolocation error using GCPs is too low to produce a L1T and does not allow the use of a DEM. These are often scenes in which few or no reliable GCPs have been identified within the scene. In the latter case GCPs identified in adjacent scenes are used to improve the geolocation of the product.
  • Basic Level 1 Product (L1G): Level 1 Geo-coded product; Normally generated where there is a lack of GCPs, and are derived purely from data collected by the sensor and spacecraft e.g. ephemeris data.

Algorithm Information (applicable to IPF v3.08)

The European Space Agency (ESA) has acquired Landsat data over Europe through the ESA ground stations during the last 40 years, in co-operation with the USGS and NASA. Lately, the product generation system of ESA has been significantly improved for supporting the Landsat MSS, TM and ETM+ archive reprocessing ESA-S2-Symp-2014 and aligning historical Landsat data to Landsat-8 and Sentinel 2.


In terms of products and algorithms, the approach of ESA and the USGS is now similar and ESA algorithms are mostly based on the USGS ones (even if the software is different). Developments of the ESA software include the following improvements, and are discussed in detail in this ESA paper.

  • Multi-scene refinement processing
  • Extension of the Terrain Corrected Processor above 60° North
  • MSS geometric and radiometric improvements
  • MSS cloud cover assessments

For details of the algorithms, radiometric and geometric processing of the ESA Landsat TM and ETM+ products, see the Landsat Products, Algorithms and Processing Document.


Landsat Technical Documents

Level 0

Level 1