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The RapidEye constellation of five Earth Observation satellites has been in operation since February of 2009. The system images a 77 kilometre wide swath, which collects more than five million square kilometres of earth every day for its.

RapidEye's sensors produce imagery in five spectral bands (Red, Green, Blue, Red Edge and Near Infrared). Over 70% of RapidEye's imagery has a view angle of less than 10°, as the view angle of RapidEye imagery is always less than 20°. The system also has the capability for daily revisit to any point on earth. Each of the five satellites are identically calibrated so that images between satellites are indistinguishable from each other.

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RapidEye constellation retirement

24 January 2020

After 11 years in operation, surpassing their design lifetime of 7 years, the RapidEye constellation will be retired in March 2020.

New Planet Explorer catalogue for RapidEye

18 February 2019

We are happy to inform you that a new online catalogue for RapidEye L3A products has been opened by Planet. The Planet Explorer replaces the old EyeFind catalogue, providing the ability to search and browse recent and past geospatial data by setting the time and area of interest. Requests for data older than 2012 and new tasking are satisfied directly by the Planet order desk (not via the catalogue).

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Mission details

Operator Planet
Date of launch 29 August 2008
Mission Status Operating nominally

Orbit Type


Orbit Altitude

630 km

Equator Crossing Time

11:00 am local time (approximately)

Number of satellites



RapidEye Sensor Specification

Sensor Type

REIS (RapidEye Earth Imaging System): Multi-spectral push broom imager.

Spectral Bands
Red Edge


440 – 510 nm
520 – 590 nm
630 – 685 nm
690 – 730 nm
760 – 850 nm

Ground Sample Distance (nadir)

6.5 m, resampled to 5m pixel size

Swath width

77 km

Maximum Image Strip per orbit

Up to 1500 km of image data per orbit

Revisit Time

Daily (off-nadir) / 5.5 days (at nadir)

Image Capture Capacity

>6 million km²/day


RapidEye products

Name Description Product Level

RapidEye Basic Product

Radiometric and sensor corrections applied to the data. On-board spacecraft attitude and ephemeris applied to the data.

Level 1B

RapidEye Ortho Tile Product

Radiometric, sensor and geometric corrections applied to the data. Imagery is orthorectified using the RPCs and an elevation model: the accuracy depends on the quality of the ground control and DEMs used.

Level 3A