blue arrow Mission Overview


RapidEye is a constellation of five identical satellites owned and operated by Planet, and launched on 29 August 2008. The constellation remains operational.

RapidEye mission parameters
Orbit Height 630 km
Orbit Type Sun-synchronous
Orbit inclination 97.9°
Local equator crossing time 11:00 (± 1 hour) on the descending node
Orbit Period 96.7 minutes
Global revisit time 1 day (with body-pointing capability) 5.5 days
at nadir over mid-latitude regions (±84° latitude)

RapidEye is part of ESA's Third Party Missions Programme, in which ESA has an agreement with Planet to distribute data products from the mission.

blue arrow Mission Objectives

The RapidEye objectives are to provide a range of Earth Observation products and services to a global user community.

blue arrow Instruments

RapidEye Earth-imaging System (REIS)

The REIS sensors on the RapidEye constellation mean that for the first time, there is a constellation of five Earth imaging satellites that contain identical sensors, which are in the same orbital plane and are calibrated equally to one another. An image from one RapidEye satellite will be identical in characteristics to an image from any of the other four satellites, thus allowing access to an unprecedented amount of imagery collected on a frequent basis. RapidEye's sensors produce imagery in five spectral bands (Red, Green, Blue, Red Edge and Near Infrared). Over 70% of RapidEye's imagery has a view angle of less than 10°, as the view angle of RapidEye imagery is always less than 20°.

The instrument is also referred to as JSS-56 (Jena-Optronik Spaceborne Scanner-56) as well as MSI (Multispectral Imager) in the mission literature.

REIS instrument parameters
Type High-resolution optical imager
Resolution (IFOV) 6.5m GSD at nadir, resampled to 5 m pixel size on orthorectified products
Swath Width (FOV) ± 6.75º about nadir, corresponding to a swath of 77 km
Bands Blue 440-510 nm
Green 520-590 nm
Red 630-685 nm
Red edge 690-730 nm
NIR (Near Infrared) 760-850 nm

blue arrow Data

blue arrow DATA DOWNLOAD

Download data from the RapidEye mission through the ESA TPM Online Dissemination system. The data is freely available to registered EO-SSO users.


ESA is offering access to the full RapidEye archive for scientific research and application development. Access is only available to submitted proposals that are accepted.

As many as possible of the high-quality and innovative proposals submitted will be supported within the quota limit available therefore, only a limited amount of products can be made available to each project.

ESA offers to registered user the access through the Online Dissemination server to the following data collections:

blue arrow Planet Explorer

Search for RapidEye Level 3A products in the Planet Explorer. This online catalogue provides the option to search for and browse recent and past data over selected areas and times.