Explore instruments used in RapidEye mission.


RapidEye DATA

Discover how to access RapidEye data.


Together, the five RapidEye satellites are capable of collecting over 4 million square kilometres of 5 m resolution, 5-band colour imagery every day.

About RapidEye


Launched on 29 August 2008, RapidEye is a constellation of five identical satellites owned and operated by Planet Labs. The constellation was deactivated on 31 March 2020 but Planet Labs still offers data archive.

RapidEye Mission Parameters
Orbit Height 630 km
Orbit Type Sun-synchronous
Orbit Inclination 97.9°
Local equator crossing time 11:00 (± 1 hour) on the descending node
Orbit Period 96.7 minutes
Global Revisit Time 1 day (with body-pointing capability) 5.5 days
at nadir over mid-latitude regions (±84° latitude)

RapidEye is part of ESA's Third Party Missions Programme, in which ESA has an agreement with Planet to distribute archive data products from the mission.

RapidEye Objectives

The RapidEye objective was to provide a range of Earth Observation products and services to a global user community.

RapidEye Instruments

RapidEye Earth-imaging System (REIS)

The REIS sensors on the RapidEye constellation mean that for the first time, there is a constellation of five Earth imaging satellites that contain identical sensors, which are in the same orbital plane and are calibrated equally to one another. An image from one RapidEye satellite is identical in characteristics to an image from any of the other four satellites, thus allowing access to an unprecedented amount of imagery collected on a frequent basis.

RapidEye's sensors produced imagery in five spectral bands (Red, Green, Blue, Red Edge and Near Infrared).

Over 70% of RapidEye's imagery has a view angle of less than 10°, as the view angle of RapidEye imagery is always less than 20°.

The instrument is also referred to as JSS-56 (Jena-Optronik Spaceborne Scanner-56) as well as MSI (Multispectral Imager) in the mission literature.

REIS Instrument Parameters
Type High-resolution optical imager
Resolution (IFOV) 6.5m GSD at nadir, resampled to 5 m pixel size on orthorectified products
Swath Width (FOV) ± 6.75º about nadir, corresponding to a swath of 77 km
Bands Blue 440-510 nm
Green 520-590 nm
Red 630-685 nm
Red edge 690-730 nm
NIR (Near Infrared) 760-850 nm

RapidEye Data


ESA is offering access to the full RapidEye archive for scientific research and application development. Access is only available to submitted proposals that are accepted.

As many as possible of the high-quality and innovative proposals submitted will be supported within the quota limit available. 

ESA offers to registered user the access through the Online Dissemination server to the following data collections:

Planet Explorer

Search for RapidEye Level 3A products in the Planet Explorer. This online catalogue provides the option to search for and browse recent and past data over selected areas and times.

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