RapidEye is a constellation of five identical satellites owned and operated by Planet, and launched on 29 August 2008. The constellation was deactivated on March 31st, 2020 but Planet still offers data archive.
|Orbit Height||630 km|
|Local equator crossing time||11:00 (± 1 hour) on the descending node|
|Orbit Period||96.7 minutes|
|Global revisit time||1 day (with body-pointing capability) 5.5 days
at nadir over mid-latitude regions (±84° latitude)
RapidEye is still part of ESA's Third Party Missions Programme, in which ESA has an agreement with Planet to distribute archive data products from the mission.
The RapidEye objective was to provide a range of Earth Observation products and services to a global user community.
RapidEye Earth-imaging System (REIS)
The REIS sensors on the RapidEye constellation mean that for the first time, there is a constellation of five Earth imaging satellites that contain identical sensors, which are in the same orbital plane and are calibrated equally to one another. An image from one RapidEye satellite is identical in characteristics to an image from any of the other four satellites, thus allowing access to an unprecedented amount of imagery collected on a frequent basis. RapidEye's sensors produced imagery in five spectral bands (Red, Green, Blue, Red Edge and Near Infrared). Over 70% of RapidEye's imagery has a view angle of less than 10°, as the view angle of RapidEye imagery is always less than 20°.
The instrument is also referred to as JSS-56 (Jena-Optronik Spaceborne Scanner-56) as well as MSI (Multispectral Imager) in the mission literature.
|Type||High-resolution optical imager|
|Resolution (IFOV)||6.5m GSD at nadir, resampled to 5 m pixel size on orthorectified products|
|Swath Width (FOV)||± 6.75º about nadir, corresponding to a swath of 77 km|
|Red edge||690-730 nm|
|NIR (Near Infrared)||760-850 nm|
Download data from the RapidEye mission through the ESA TPM Online Dissemination system. The data is freely available to registered EO Sign In users.
ESA is offering access to the full RapidEye archive for scientific research and application development. Access is only available to submitted proposals that are accepted.
As many as possible of the high-quality and innovative proposals submitted will be supported within the quota limit available.
- Full archive RapidEye mission data: Level 3A Ortho products
ESA offers to registered user the access through the Online Dissemination server to the following data collections:
- RapidEye ESA archive: RapidEye products that ESA collected over the years. The dataset regularly grows as ESA collects new products
- A collection of data covering more than 6 million km2 of South America: A selection of data covering more than 6 million km2 of south America
- RapidEye time series for Sentinel-2:Two time series (2013 and 2015) collected over selected sites in preparation to the exploitation of Copernicus Sentinel-2
Search for RapidEye Level 3A products in the Planet Explorer. This online catalogue provides the option to search for and browse recent and past data over selected areas and times.