Minimize Stockholm, Sweden

Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in Scandinavia, with 905,184 people living in the municipality, approximately 1.4 million in the urban area, and a total population close to 2.2 million in the metropolitan area. The city is spread across 14 islands on the coast in the southeast of Sweden at the mouth of Lake Mälaren, by the Stockholm archipelago and the Baltic sea.

The area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, and was founded as a city in 1252 by Birger Jarl. Stockholm is the cultural, media, political, and economic centre of Sweden. The region alone accounts for over a third of the country's GDP, and is among the top 10 regions in Europe by GDP per capita. It's an important global city, and the main centre for corporate headquarters in the Nordic region. The city is home to some of Europe's top ranking universities, such as the Karolinska Institute, and hosts the annual Nobel Prize ceremonies and banquet at the Stockholm Concert Hall and Stockholm City Hall.

One of the city's most prized museums, the Vasa Museum, is the most visited non-art museum in Scandinavia. The Stockholm metro, opened in 1950, is well known for its decoration of the stations; it has been called the longest art gallery in the world. Stockholm is the seat of the Government of Sweden and most government agencies, including the highest courts in the Judiciary, and the official residencies of the Swedish monarch and the Prime Minister. The Government has its seat in the Rosenbad building, the Riksdag is seated in the Parliament House, and the Prime Minister's residence is adjacent at the Sager House.

The Stockholm Palace is the official residence and principal workplace of the Swedish monarch, while the Drottningholm Palace, a World Heritage Site on the outskirts of Stockholm, serves as the Royal Family's private residence.

Overlay image (Before and After)

Today we show the Scandinavian city of Stockholm. Located on the eastern coast of the country, where Lake Malaren enters the Baltic Sea, Stockholm is situated on about 20 islands and the adjacent mainland. The images acquired by the Landsat 5 and 8 satellites have a temporal window of acquisition (before / after) of 30 years and we aim to show the urban changes in the city and surrounding area during that period of time. The images demonstrate that while the outskirts of the city have grown and developed, the centre of the city has remained largely unchanged since 1984.

Another aim of these images is to promote the opportunity to download Landsat data through the ESA portals, where images captured every day are made available in near real time to the users and the scientific community.

Landsat full resolution data products are freely available for immediate download at:

stockholm 2014stockholm 1984

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View Landsat 5 TM high resolution image (JPG 3.4 MB)

View Landsat 8 OLI high resolution image (JPG 3.2 MB)

Technical Information of original image
Product: Geo Tiff format
Satellite/Sensor: Landsat 5 TM and Landsat 8 OLI
Resolution: 30 metres
Coverage: 180 x 180 KM
Acq. Date: 07 June 1984 and 30 September 2014
Band Combination used to create this image: 3, 2, 1 and 4, 3, 2 (R-G-B) Visible colour
Map of area

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