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 PlanetScope satellite constellation consists of multiple launches of groups of individual satellites (Doves). Therefore, on-orbit capacity is constantly improving in capability or quantity, with technology improvements deployed at a rapid pace.

Each Dove satellite is a CubeSat 3U form factor (10 cm by 10 cm by 30 cm). The complete PlanetScope constellation of more than 120 active satellites in orbit is able to image the entire land surface of the Earth every day (equating to a daily collection capacity of 265 million km²/day). The constellation is constantly "on" and does not require ordering or acquisition planning.

Each of the satellite is calibrated quarterly with an absolute accuracy of better than 5%.

The precise geolocation of PlanetScope data is determined by using different classes of GCP from sub-meter accuracy to USGS LandSat based ones: it allow to ensure a geolocation accuracy of below 10m RMSE, typically 5-8 m.

This mission is considered a Third Party Mission under evaluation. The evaluation will tackle cal/val activities and assess the products specifications. This analysis will be performed in the framework of the  Earthnet Data Assessment Pilot (EDAP). The evaluation will also allow any interested user to investigate the suitability of the data for scientific and R&D activities.

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ESA Announcement of Opportunity for Planet – PlanetScope and SkySat

28 January 2020

ESA offers an opportunity for scientists and researchers to access Planet data (Planetscope and SkySat) products for science and applications development within ESA's Third Party Mission programme.

PlanetScope and SkySat data now available

12 August 2019

As announced on 29 July, the PlanetScope and SkySat missions are Third Party Missions under evaluation.

This will allow any interested user to investigate the suitability of the data for scientific and R&D activities.

Learn more about the available data from these missions:

Three new Third Party Missions under evaluation

29 July 2019

In the framework of the Earthnet programme, ESA and its Member States continue to stimulate global cooperation between space actors around activities aiming to acquire and share resources and knowledge on our planet for the benefit of all citizens.

Recently, it was decided to continue the data assessment of three constellations:

PlanetScope and SkySat data familiarisation phase for the Third Party Missions programme

04 September 2018

ESA and Planet are pleased to announce the opportunity to freely access, up to the end of the year, PlanetScope and SkySat data over three European demonstration sites: Demmin, Wilhelmshaven and Berlin.

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Mission details

Operator Planet
Launch date
12 Satellites 22 June 2016  
88 Satellites 15 February 2017  
48 Satellites 14 July 2017 
4 satellites on 31 October 2017
4 satellites on 12 January 2018
16 satellites on 29 November 2018
3 satellites on 3 December 2018
12 satellites on 27 December 2018
20 satellites on 1 April 2019
Mission Status Operating Nominally
Orbit Type Sun-synchronous
Orbit Altitude (reference) 475 km (~98° inclination)
Equator Crossing Time 9:30 - 11:30 am (local solar time)
Number of Satellites 120+

Sensor Specification

Sensor Type

Three-band frame Imager or four-band frame Imager with a split-frame NIR filter orfour band frame Imager with butcher block band filter design.

Spectral Bands






455 – 515 nm

500 – 590 nm

590 – 670 nm

780 – 860 nm

Ground Sample Distance (nadir) 3.7
Frame Size 25 km
Maximum Image Strip per orbit 20,000 km2
Revisit Time Daily at nadir (2017)
Image Capture Capacity

265 million km2/day


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Name Description Product Level

PlanetScope Basic Scene Product

Scaled Top of Atmosphere Radiance (at sensor) and sensor corrected product. The Basic Scene product is designed for users with advanced image processing and geometric correction capabilities. This product has scene based framing and is not projected to a cartographic projection. Radiometric and sensor corrections applied to the data.

Level 1B

PlanetScope Ortho Scene Product

Orthorectified, scaled Top of Atmosphere Radiance (at sensor) or Surface Reflectance image product suitable for analytic and visual applications. This product has scene based framing and is projected to a cartographic projection.

Level 3B

PlanetScope Ortho Tile Product

Radiometric and sensor corrections applied to the data. Imagery is orthorectified and projected to a UTM projection.

Level 3A