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COSMO-SkyMed is a 4-spacecraft constellation, conceived by ASI (Agenzia Spaziale Italiana), and funded by the Italian Ministry of Research (MUR) and the Italian Ministry of Defense (MOD), Italy.

Each of the four satellites is equipped with a SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) instrument and is capable of operating in all visibility conditions at high resolution and in real time. The overall objective of this program is global Earth observation and the relevant data exploitation for the needs of the military community as well as for the civil (institutional, commercial) community.

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International effort reveals Greenland ice loss

13 November 2015

One of Greenland's glaciers is losing five billion tonnes of ice a year to the ocean, according to researchers. While these new findings may be disturbing, they are reinforced by a concerted effort to map changes in ice sheets with different sensors from space agencies around the world.

COSMO-SkyMed - More data available for research and application development

30 July 2015

After the success of the COMSO-SkyMed products opportunity offered by ESA in 2013, the Agency is pleased to announce that there is a new opportunity to provide COSMO-SkyMed's archive and tasking data to the scientific user community in four sensor modes (ScanSAR Huge, ScanSAR Wide, StripMap HIMAGE and StripMap PINGPONG) through project proposal submission via the COSMO-SkyMed information area on ESA's Earth Online Portal.

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Facts and figures
Operators ASI (Italian Space Agency)
Date of Launch COSMO 1: 8 June 2007
COSMO 2: 9 December 2007
COSMO 3: 25 October 2008
COSMO 4: 6 November 2010
Status Operating nominally in 2015
Orbit Height 619.6 km
Orbit Type Circular sun-synchronous dawn-dusk
Repeat Cycle 16 days
Swath Width (SAR): 10-200 km (depending on support mode)
Onboard Sensors provided under TPM SAR-2000 (Synthetic Aperture Radar-2000)