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DATA

Discover and download the Earth observation data you need from the broad catalogue of missions the European Space Agency operate and support.

  • Data - EO Sign In Authentication (Open)

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    MOS-1/1B ESA Orthorectified Map-oriented Products [MES_GEC_1P]

    The ESA Orthorectified Map-oriented (Level 1) Products collection is composed of MOS-1/1B MESSR (Multi-spectral Electronic Self-Scanning Radiometer) data products generated as part of the MOS Bulk Processing Campaign using the MOS Processor v3.02. The products are available in GeoTIFF format and disseminated within EO-SIP packaging. Please refer to the MOS Product Format Specification for further details. The collection consists of data products of the following type: MES_GEC_1P: Geocoded Ellipsoid GCP Corrected Level 1 MOS-1/1B MESSR products which are the default products generated by the MOS MESSR processor in all cases (where possible), with usage of the latest set of Landsat improved GCP (Ground Control Points). These are orthorectified map-oriented products, corresponding to the old MOS-1/1B MES_ORT_1P products with geolocation improvements. MESSR Instrument Characteristics Band Wavelength Range (nm) Spatial Resolution (m) Swath Width (km) 1 (VIS) 510 – 690 50 100 2 (VIS) 610 – 690 50 100 3 (NIR) 720 – 800 50 100 4 (NIR) 800 – 1100 50 100

  • Data - EO Sign In Authentication (Open)

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    MOS-1/1B ESA System Corrected Map-oriented Products [MES_GES_1P]

    The ESA System Corrected Map-oriented (Level 1) Products collection is composed of MOS-1/1B MESSR (Multi-spectral Electronic Self-Scanning Radiometer) data products generated as part of the MOS Bulk Processing Campaign using the MOS Processor v3.02. The products are available in GeoTIFF format and disseminated within EO-SIP packaging. Please refer to the MOS Product Format Specification for further details. The collection consists of data products of the following type: MES_GES_1P: Geocoded Ellipsoid System Corrected Level 1 MOS-1/1B MESSR products as generated by the MOS MESSR processor where the generation of MES_GEC_1P products is not possible. These replace the old MES_SYC_1P products. MESSR Instrument Characteristics Band Wavelength Range (nm) Spatial Resolution (m) Swath Width (km) 1 (VIS) 510 – 690 50 100 2 (VIS) 610 – 690 50 100 3 (NIR) 720 – 800 50 100 4 (NIR) 800 – 1100 50 100

  • Data - EO Sign In Authentication (Open)

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    MOS-1/1B ESA System Corrected VTIR Products [VTI_SYC_1P]

    The ESA System Corrected (Level 1) MOS-1/1B VTIR Products collection is composed of MOS-1/1B VTIR (Visible and Thermal Infrared Radiometer) data products generated as part of the MOS Bulk Processing Campaign using the MOS Processor v3.02. The products are available in GeoTIFF format and disseminated within EO-SIP packaging. Please refer to the MOS Product Format Specification for further details. The collection consists of data products of the following type: VTI_SYC_1P: System corrected Level 1 MOS-1/1B VTIR products in EO-SIP format. VTIR Instrument Characteristics Band Wavelength Range (µm) Spatial Resolution (km) Swath Width (km) 1 (VIS) 0.5 – 0.7 0.9 1500 2 (TIR) 6.0 – 7.0 2.7 1500 3 (TIR) 10.5 – 11.5 2.7 1500 4 (TIR) 11.5 – 12.5 2.7 1500

  • Data - Fast Registration with approval (Restrained)

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    RADARSAT-2 ESA archive

    The RADARSAT-2 ESA archive collection consists of RADARSAT-2 products requested by ESA supported projects over their areas of interest around the world. The dataset regularly grows as ESA collects new products over the years. Following Beam modes are available: Standard, Wide Swath, Fine Resolution, Extended Low Incidence, Extended High Incidence, ScanSAR Narrow and ScanSAR Wide. Standard Beam Mode allows imaging over a wide range of incidence angles with a set of image quality characteristics which provides a balance between fine resolution and wide coverage, and between spatial and radiometric resolutions. Standard Beam Mode operates with any one of eight beams, referred to as S1 to S8, in single and dual polarisation . The nominal incidence angle range covered by the full set of beams is 20 degrees (at the inner edge of S1) to 52 degrees (at the outer edge of S8). Each individual beam covers a nominal ground swath of 100 km within the total standard beam accessibility swath of more than 500 km. Beam Mode Product Nominal Resolution (metres) Nominal Pixel Spacing Range x Azimuth (metres) Resolution Range x Azimuth (metres) Nominal Scene Size Range x Azimuth (kilometres) Range of Angle of Incidence (degrees) Number of Looks Range x Azimuth Polarisations Options Standard SLC 25 8.0 or 11.8 x 5.1 9.0 or 13.5 x 7.7 100 x 100 20 - 52 1 x 1 Single Pol HH or VV or HV or VH - or - Dual HH + HV or VV + VH SGX 8.0 x 8.0 26.8 - 17.3 x 24.7 1 x 4 SGF 12.5 x 12.5 SSG, SPG Wide Swath Beam Mode allows imaging of wider swaths than Standard Beam Mode, but at the expense of slightly coarser spatial resolution. The three Wide Swath beams, W1, W2 and W3, provide coverage of swaths of approximately 170 km, 150 km and 130 km in width respectively, and collectively span a total incidence angle range from 20 degrees to 45 degrees. Polarisation can be single and dual. Beam Mode Product Nominal Resolution (metres) Nominal Pixel Spacing Range x Azimuth (metres) Resolution Range x Azimuth (metres) Nominal Scene Size Range x Azimuth (kilometres) Range of Angle of Incidence (degrees) Number of Looks Range x Azimuth Polarisations Options Wide SLC 30 11.8 x 5.1 13.5 x 7.7 150 x 150 20 - 45 1 x 1 Single: Pol HH or VV or HV or VH - or - Dual: HH + HV or VV + VH SGX 10 x 10 40.0 - 19.2 x 24.7 1 x 4 SGF 12.5 x 12.5 SSG, SPG Fine Resolution Beam Mode is intended for applications which require finer spatial resolution. Products from this beam mode have a nominal ground swath of 50 km. Nine Fine Resolution physical beams, F23 to F21, and F1 to F6 are available to cover the incidence angle range from 30 to 50 degrees. For each of these beams, the swath can optionally be centred with respect to the physical beam or it can be shifted slightly to the near or far range side. Thanks to these additional swath positioning choices, overlaps of more than 50% are provided between adjacent swaths. RADARSAT-2 can operate in single and dual polarisation for this beam mode. Beam Mode Product Nominal resolution (metres) Nominal Pixel Spacing Range x Azimuth (metres) Resolution Range x Azimuth (metres) Nominal Scene Size Range x Azimuth (kilometres) Range of Angle of Incidence (degrees) Number of Looks Range x Azimuth Polarisations Options Fine SLC 8 4.7 x 5.1 5.2 x 7.7 50 x 50 30 - 50 1 x 1 Single: Pol HH or VV or HV or VH - or - Dual: HH + HV or VV + VH SGX 3.13 x 3.13 10.4 - 6.8 x 7.7 1 x 1 SGF 6.25 x 6.25 SSG, SPG In the Extended Low Incidence Beam Mode, a single Extended Low Incidence Beam, EL1, is provided for imaging in the incidence angle range from 10 to 23 degrees with a nominal ground swath coverage of 170 km. Some minor degradation of image quality can be expected due to operation of the antenna beyond its optimum scan angle range. Only single polarisation is available. Beam Mode Product Nominal resolution (metres) Nominal Pixel Spacing Range x Azimuth (metres) Resolution Range x Azimuth (metres) Nominal Scene Size Range x Azimuth (kilometres) Range of Angle of Incidence (degrees) Number of Looks Range x Azimuth Polarisations Options Extended Low SLC 25 8.0 x 5.1 9.0 x 7.7 170 x 170 10 - 23 1 x 1 Single: HH SGX 10.0 x 10.0 52.7 - 23.3 x 24.7 1 x 4 SGF 12.5 x 12.5 SSG, SPG In the Extended High Incidence Beam Mode, six Extended High Incidence Beams, EH1 to EH6, are available for imaging in the 49 to 60 degree incidence angle range. Since these beams operate outside the optimum scan angle range of the SAR antenna, some degradation of image quality, becoming progressively more severe with increasing incidence angle, can be expected when compared with the Standard Beams. Swath widths are restricted to a nominal 80 km for the inner three beams, and 70 km for the outer beams. Only single polarisation available. Beam Mode Product Nominal resolution (metres) Nominal Pixel Spacing Range x Azimuth (metres) Resolution Range x Azimuth (metres) Nominal Scene Size Range x Azimuth (kilometres) Range of Angle of Incidence (degrees) Number of Looks Range x Azimuth Polarisations Options Extended High SLC 25 11.8 x 5.1 13.5 x 7.7 75 x 75 49 - 60 1 x 1 Single Pol HH SGX 8.0 x 8.0 18.2 - 15.9 x 24.7 1 x 4 SGF 12.5 x 12.5 SSG, SPG ScanSAR Narrow Beam Mode provides coverage of a ground swath approximately double the width of the Wide Swath Beam Mode swaths. Two swath positions with different combinations of physical beams can be used: SCNA, which uses physical beams W1 and W2, and SCNB, which uses physical beams W2, S5, and S6. Both options provide coverage of swath widths of about 300 km. The SCNA combination provides coverage over the incidence angle range from 20 to 39 degrees. The SCNB combination provides coverage over the incidence angle range 31 to 47 degrees. RADARSAT-2 can operate in single and dual polarisation for this beam mode. Beam Mode Product Nominal resolution (metres) Nominal Pixel Spacing Range x Azimuth (metres) Resolution Range x Azimuth (metres) Nominal Scene Size Range x Azimuth (kilometres) Range of Angle of Incidence (degrees) Number of Looks Range x Azimuth Polarisations Options ScanSAR Narrow SCN, SCF, SCS 20 25 x 25 81 - 38 x 40 - 70 300 x 300 20 - 46 2 x 2 Single Co or Cross: HH or VV or HV or VH - or - Dual: HH + HV or VV + VH ScanSAR Wide Beam Mode provides coverage of a ground swath approximately triple the width of the Wide Swath Beam Mode swaths. Two swath positions with different combinations of physical beams can be used: SCWA, which uses physical beams W1, W2, W3, and S7, and SCWB, which uses physical beams W1, W2, S5 and S6. The SCWA combination allows imaging of a swath of more than 500 km covering an incidence angle range of 20 to 49 degrees. The SCWB combination allows imaging of a swath of more than 450 km covering the incidence angle. Polarisation can be single and dual. Beam Mode Product Nominal resolution (metres) Nominal Pixel Spacing Range x Azimuth (metres) Resolution Range x Azimuth (metres) Nominal Scene Size Range x Azimuth (kilometres) Range of Angle of Incidence (degrees) Number of Looks Range x Azimuth Polarisations Options ScanSAR Wide SCW, SCF, SCS 100 50 x 50 163 - 73 x 78 - 106 500 x 500 20 - 49 4 x 2 Single Co or Cross: HH or VV or HV or VH - or - Dual: HH + HV or VV + VH These are the different products : SLC (Single Look Complex): Amplitude and phase information is preserved. Data is in slant range. Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track SGF (Path Image): Data is converted to ground range and may be multi-look processed. Scene is oriented in direction of orbit path. Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track. SGX (Path Image Plus): Same as SGF except processed with refined pixel spacing as needed to fully encompass the image data bandwidths. Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track SSG(Map Image): Image is geocorrected to a map projection. SPG (Precision Map Image): Image is geocorrected to a map projection. Ground control points (GCP) are used to improve positional accuracy. SCN(ScanSAR Narrow)/SCF(ScanSAR Wide) : ScanSAR Narrow/Wide beam mode product with original processing options and metadata fields (for backwards compatibility only). Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track SCF (ScanSAR Fine): ScanSAR product equivalent to SGF with additional processing options and metadata fields. Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track SCS(ScanSAR Sampled) : Same as SCF except with finer sampling. Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track. Spatial coverage: Check the spatial coverage of the collection on a map available on the Third Party Missions Dissemination Service.

  • Data - Announcement of Opportunity (Restrained)

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    Announcement of Opportunity for NoR

    ESA invites submissions for the Network of Resources (NoR) call, which aims to support research, development and pre-commercial users to innovate their working practices, moving from a data download paradigm towards a 'bring the user to the data' paradigm.

  • Data - EO Sign In Authentication (Open)

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    SMOS - CryoSat L4 Sea Ice Thickness

    The SMOS-CryoSat merged Sea Ice Thickness Level 4 product, in NetCDF format, is based on estimates from both the MIRAS and the SIRAL instruments with a significant reduction in the relative uncertainty for the thickness of the thin ice. A weekly averaged preliminary product is generated every day by the Alfred Wegener Institut (AWI) by merging the weekly CryoSat Sea Ice Thickness product and the daily SMOS Sea Ice Thickness retrieval. A final product is provided with a latency of about 3-4 weeks using a different global sea ice concentration product and a reprocessed CryoSat product. All grids are projected onto the 25 km EASE2 Grid based on a polar aspect spherical Lambert azimuthal equal-area projection. The grid dimension is 5400 x 5400 km, equal to a 432 x 432 grid centered on the geographic pole. Coverage is limited to the October-April (winter) period for the Northern Hemisphere, due to the melting season, from year 2010 onwards.

  • Data - EO Sign In Authentication (Open)

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    SeaSat ESA archive

    This collection gives access to the complete SEASAT dataset acquired by ESA and mainly covers Europe. The dataset comprises some of the first ever SAR data recorded for scientific purposes, reprocessed with the most recent processor. The Level-1 products are available as: SAR Precision Image [SEA_PRI_1P] SAR Single Look Complex Image [SEA_SLC_1P] SAR Ellipsoid Geocoded Precision Image [SEA_GEC_1P] Spatial coverage: Check the spatial coverage of the collection on a map available on the Third Party Missions Dissemination Service.

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    SMOS L3 Sea Ice Thickness

    The SMOS Level 3 Sea Ice Thickness product, in NetCDF format, provides daily estimations of SMOS-retrieved sea ice thickness (and its uncertainty) at the edge of the Arctic Ocean during the October-April (winter) season, from year 2010 onwards. The sea ice thickness is retrieved from the SMOS L1C product, up to a depth of approximately 0.5-1 m, depending on the ice temperature and salinity. Daily maps, projected on polar stereographic grid of 12.5 km, are generated by the Alfred Wegener Institut (AWI). This product is complementary with sea ice thickness measurements from ESA's CryoSat and Copernicus Sentinel-3 missions.

  • Data - Project Proposal (Restrained)

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    RADARSAT-1 & 2 full archive and tasking

    RADARSAT-1 products The Standard beam mode operates with any one of seven beam positions, referred to as S1 to S7. The nominal incidence angle range covered by the full set of Standard beams is from 20 degrees (at the inner edge of S1) to 49 degrees (at the outer edge of S7). Each individual beam covers a minimum ground swath of 100 km within the total 500 km accessibility swath of the full set of Standard beams. The nominal spatial resolution in the range direction is 26 m for S1 at near range to 20 m for S7 at far range. The nominal azimuth resolution is the same, 27 m, for all beam positions. The Wide beam modes are similar to the Standard beams except that the swath width achieved by this beam is 150 km rather than 100 km. As a result, only three Wide beams, W1, W2 and W3 are necessary to provide coverage of almost all of the 500 km swath range. They provide comparable resolution to the standard beam mode, though the increased ground swath coverage is obtained at the expense of a slight reduction in overall image quality. In the Fine beam mode the nominal azimuth resolution is 8.4 m, with range resolution 9.1 m to 7.8 m from F1 to F5. Since the radar operates with a higher sampling rate in this mode than in any of the other beam mode, the ground swath coverage has to be reduced to approximately 50 km in order to keep the downlink signal within its allocated bandwidth. Originally, five Fine beam positions, F1 to F5, were available to cover the far range of the swath with an incidence angle range from 37 to 47 degrees. By modifying timing parameters, 10 new positions have been added with offset ground coverage. Each original Fine beam position can either be shifted closer to or further away from Nadir. In Extended High beam mode six positions, EH1 to EH6, are available for collection of data in the 49 to 60 degree incidence angle range. Since this beam mode operates outside the optimum scan angle range of the SAR antenna, some minor degradation of image quality can be expected when compared with the Standard beam mode. Swath widths are restricted to a nominal 80 km for the inner three positions, and 70 km for the outer three positions. In Extended Low beam mode one position, EL1, is provided for imaging in the incidence angle range 10 to 23 degrees with nominal ground swath coverage of 170 km. As with the Extended High beam mode, some minor degradation of image quality can be expected due to operation of the antenna beyond its optimum elevation angle range. In ScanSAR mode, combinations of two, three or four single beams are used during data collection. Each beam is selected sequentially so that data is collected from a wider swath than possible with a single beam. The beam switching rates are chosen to ensure at least one "look" at the Earth's surface for each beam within the along track illumination time or dwell time of the antenna beam. In practice, the radar beam switching is adjusted to provide two looks per beam. The beam multiplexing inherent in ScanSAR operation reduces the effective sampling rate within each of the component beams; hence the increased swath coverage is obtained at the expense of spatial resolution. The ScanSAR Narrow mode combines two beams (incidence angle range of 20 to 39 degrees) or three beams (incidence angle from 31 to 46 degrees) and provides coverage of a nominal 300 km ground swath, with spatial resolution of 50 m. The ScanSAR Wide mode combines four beams, provides coverage of either 500 km (with incidence angle range of 20 to 49 degrees) or 450 km (incidence angle range from 20 to 46 degrees) nominal ground swaths depending on the beam combination. Beam Mode Product Ground coverage (km2) Nominal resolution (m) Polarisation ScanSAR wide SCW, SCF, SCS 500 x 500 100 Single and dual ScanSAR narrow SCN, SCF, SCS 300 x 300 60 Single and dual Wide SGF, SGX, SLC, SSG, SPG 150 x 150 24 Single and dual Standard SGF, SGX, SLC, SSG, SPG 100 x 100 24 Single Extended low SGF, SGX, SLC, SSG, SPG 170 x 170 24 Single Extended high SGF, SGX, SLC, SSG, SPG 75 x 75 24 Single Fine SGF, SGX, SLC, SSG, SPG 50 x 50 8 Single RADARSAT-2 products The Standard Beam Mode allows imaging over a wide range of incidence angles with a set of image quality characteristics which provides a balance between fine resolution and wide coverage, and between spatial and radiometric resolutions. Standard Beam Mode operates with any one of eight beams, referred to as S1 to S8. The nominal incidence angle range covered by the full set of beams is 20 degrees (at the inner edge of S1) to 52 degrees (at the outer edge of S8). Each individual beam covers a nominal ground swath of 100 km within the total standard beam accessibility swath of more than 500 km. The Wide Swath Beam Mode allows imaging of wider swaths than Standard Beam Mode, but at the expense of slightly coarser spatial resolution. The three Wide Swath beams, W1, W2 and W3, provide coverage of swaths of approximately 170 km, 150 km and 130 km in width respectively, and collectively span a total incidence angle range from 20 degrees to 45 degrees. The Fine Resolution Beam Mode is intended for applications which require finer spatial resolution. Products from this beam mode have a nominal ground swath of 50 km. Nine Fine Resolution physical beams, F23 to F21, and F1 to F6 are available to cover the incidence angle range from 30 to 50 degrees. For each of these beams, the swath can optionally be centred with respect to the physical beam or it can be shifted slightly to the near or far range side. Thanks to these additional swath positioning choices, overlaps of more than 50% are provided between adjacent swaths. In the Extended Low Incidence Beam Mode, a single Extended Low Incidence Beam, EL1, is provided for imaging in the incidence angle range from 10 to 23 degrees with a nominal ground swath coverage of 170 km. Some minor degradation of image quality can be expected due to operation of the antenna beyond its optimum scan angle range. In the Extended High Incidence Beam Mode, six Extended High Incidence Beams, EH1 to EH6, are available for imaging in the 49 to 60 degree incidence angle range. Since these beams operate outside the optimum scan angle range of the SAR antenna, some degradation of image quality, becoming progressively more severe with increasing incidence angle, can be expected when compared with the Standard Beams. Swath widths are restricted to a nominal 80 km for the inner three beams, and 70 km for the outer beams. ScanSAR Narrow Beam Mode provides coverage of a ground swath approximately double the width of the Wide Swath Beam Mode swaths. Two swath positions with different combinations of physical beams can be used: SCNA, which uses physical beams W1 and W2, and SCNB, which uses physical beams W2, S5, and S6. Both options provide coverage of swath widths of about 300 km. The SCNA combination provides coverage over the incidence angle range from 20 to 39 degrees. The SCNB combination provides coverage over the incidence angle range 31 to 47 degrees. ScanSAR Wide Beam Mode provides coverage of a ground swath approximately triple the width of the Wide Swath Beam Mode swaths. Two swath positions with different combinations of physical beams can be used: SCWA, which uses physical beams W1, W2, W3, and S7, and SCWB, which uses physical beams W1, W2, S5 and S6. The SCWA combination allows imaging of a swath of more than 500 km covering an incidence angle range of 20 to 49 degrees. The SCWB combination allows imaging of a swath of more than 450 km covering the incidence angle. In the Standard Quad Polarization Beam Mode, the radar transmits pulses alternately in horizontal (H) and vertical (V) polarisations, and receives the return signals from each pulse in both H and V polarisations separately but simultaneously. This beam mode therefore enables full polarimetric (HH+VV+HV+VH) image products to be generated. The Standard Quad Polarization Beam Mode operates with the same pulse bandwidths as the Standard Beam Mode. Products with swath widths of approximately 25 km can be obtained covering any area within the region from an incidence angle of 18 degrees to at least 49 degrees. The Wide Standard Quad Polarization Beam Mode operates the same way as the Standard Quad Polarization Beam Mode but with higher data acquisition rates, and offers wider swaths of approximately 50 km at equivalent spatial resolution. 21 beams are available covering any area from 18 degrees to 42 degrees, ensuring overlaps of about 50% between adjacent swaths. The Fine Quad Polarization Beam Mode provides full polarimetric imaging with the same spatial resolution as the Fine Resolution Beam Mode. Fine Quad Polarization Beam Mode products with swath widths of approximately 25 km can be obtained covering any area within the region from an incidence angle of 18 degrees to at least 49 degrees. The Wide Fine Quad Polarization Beam Mode operates the same way as the Fine Quad Polarization Beam Mode but with higher data acquisition rates, and offers a wider swath of approximately 50 km at equivalent spatial resolution. 21 beams are available covering any area from 18 degrees to 42 degrees, ensuring overlaps of about 50% between adjacent swaths. The Multi-Look Fine Resolution Beam Mode covers the same swaths as the Fine Resolution Beam Mode. Products with multiple looks in range and azimuth are generated at approximately the same spatial resolution as Fine Resolution Beam mode products, but with multiple looks and therefore improved radiometric resolution. Single look products are generated at finer spatial resolutions than Fine Resolution Beam Mode products. In order to obtain the multiple looks without a reduction in swath width, this beam mode operates with higher data acquisition rates and noise levels than Fine Resolution Beam Mode. As with the Fine Resolution Beam Mode, nine physical beams are available to cover the incidence angle range from 30 to 50 degrees, and additional near and/or far range swath positioning choices are available to provide additional overlap. The Wide Multi-Look Fine Resolution Beam Mode offers a wider coverage alternative to the regular Multi-Look Fine Beam Mode, while preserving the same spatial and radiometric resolution, but at the expense of higher data compression ratios (which leads to higher signal-dependent noise levels). The nominal swath width is 90 km compared to 50 km for the Multi-Look Fine Beam Mode. The nine physical beams are the same as in the Multi-Look Fine Beam Mode, covering incidence angles from approximately 30 to 50 degrees, but the additional near and far range swath positioning choices available in the Multi-Look Fine Beam Mode are not needed because the beam centered swaths are wide enough to overlap by more than 50%. The Ultra-Fine Resolution Beam Mode is intended for applications which require very high spatial resolution. The set of Ultra-Fine Resolution Beams cover any area within the incidence angle range from 20 to 50 degrees (soon to be extended to 54 degrees). Each beam within the set images a swath width of at least 20 km. The Wide Ultra-Fine Resolution Beam Mode provides the same spatial resolution as the Ultra-Fine mode as well as wider coverage, but at the expense of higher data compression ratios (which leads to higher signal-dependent noise levels). The set of Wide Ultra-Fine Resolution Beams cover any area within the incidence angle range from 30 to 50 degrees. Each beam within the set images a swath width of approximately 50 km. The Wide Fine Resolution Beam Mode is intended for applications which require both a finer spatial resolution and a wide swath. Products from this beam mode have a nominal ground swath equivalent to the ones offered by the Wide Swath Beam Mode (170 km, 150 km and 120 km) and a spatial resolution equivalent to the ones offered by the Fine Resolution Beam Mode, at the expense of somewhat higher noise levels. Three Wide Fine Resolution beam positions, F0W1 to F0W3 are available to cover the incidence angle range from 20 to 45 degrees. The Extra-Fine Resolution Beam Mode nominally provides similar swath width and incidence angle coverage as the Wide Fine Beam Mode, at even finer resolutions, but with higher data compression ratios and noise levels. The four Extra-Fine beams provide coverage of swaths of approximately 160 km, 124 km, 120 km and 108 km in width respectively, and collectively span a total incidence angle range from 22 to 49 degrees. This beam mode also offers additional optional processing parameter selections that allow for reduced-bandwidth single-look products, 4-look, and 28-look products. In Spotlight Beam Mode, the beam is steered electronically in order to dwell on the area of interest over longer aperture times, which allows products to be processed to finer azimuth resolution than in other modes. Unlike in other modes, Spotlight images are of fixed size in the along track direction. The set of Spotlight beams cover any area within the incidence angle range from 20 to 50 degrees (soon to be extended to 54 degrees). Each beam within the set images a swath width of at least 18 km. Beam Mode Product Nominal Pixel Spacing [Range x Azimuth] (metres) Nominal Resolution (metres) Resolution [Range x Azimuth] (metres) Nominal Scene Size [Range x Azimuth] (kilometres) Range of Angle of Incidence [Range] (degrees) Number of Looks [Range x Azimuth] Polarisations Options Spotlight SLC 1.3 x 0.4 <1 1.6 x 0.8 18 x 8 20 to 54 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) SGX 1 or 0.8 x 1/3 4.6 - 2.0 x 0.8 SGF 0.5 x 0.5 SSG, SPG Ultra-fine SLC 1.3 x 2.1 3 1.6 x 2.8 20 x 20 20 to 54 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) SGX 1 x 1 or 0.8 x 0.8 3.3 – 2.1 x 2.8 SGF 1.56 x 1.56 SSG, SPG Wide Ultra-fine SLC 1.3 x 2.1 3 3.1 x 4.6 50 x 50 29 to 50 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) SGX 1 x 1 3.3 - 2.1 x 2.8 SGF 1.56 x 1.56 SSG, SPG Multi-look fine SLC 2.7 x 2.9 8 3.1 x 4.6 50 x 50 30 to 50 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) SGX 3.13 x 3.13 10.4 - 6.8 x 7.6 2 x 2 SGF 6.25 x 6.25 SSG, SPG Wide Multi-look fine SLC 2.7 x 2.9 8 3.1 x 4.6 90 x 50 29 to 50 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) SGX 3.13 x 3.13 10.8 - 6.8 x 7.6 2 x 2 SGF 6.25 x 6.25 SSG, SPG Extra-fine SLC (Full resolution) 2.7 x 2.9 5 3.1 x 4.6 125 x 125 22 to 49 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) SLC (fine resolution) 4.3 x 5.8 5.2 x 7.6 SLC (standard resolution) 7.1 x 5.8 8.9 x 7.6 SLC (wide resolution) 10.6 x 5.8 13.3 x 7.6 SGX (1 look) 2.0 x 2.0 8.4 – 4.1 x 4.6 SGX (4 looks) 3.13 x 3.13 14 – 6.9 x 7.6 2 x 2 SGX (28 looks) 5.0 x 5.0 24 - 12 x 23.5 4 x 7 SGF (1 look) 3.13 x 3.13 8.4 - 4.1 x 4.6 1 x 1 SGF (4 looks) 6.25 x 6.25 14 - 6.9 x 7.6 2 x 2 SGF (28 looks) 8.0 x 8.0 24 - 12 x 23.5 4 x 7 SSG, SPG 3.13 x 3.13 8.4 - 4.1 x 4.6 1 x 1 Fine SLC 4.7 x 5.1 8 5.2 x 7.7 50 x 50 30 to 50 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) or Dual (HH+HV or VV+VH) SGX 3.13 x 3.13 10.4 – 6.8 x 7.7 SGF 6.25 x 6.25 SSG, SPG Wide Fine SLC 4.7 x 5.1 8 5.2 x 7.7 150 x 150 20 to 45 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) or Dual (HH+HV or VV+VH) SGX 3.13 x 3.13 14.9 - 7.3 x 7.7 SGF 6.25 x 6.25 SSG, SPG Standard SLC 8.0 or 11.8 x 5.1 25 9.0 or 13.5 x 7.7 100 x 100 20 - 52 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) or Dual (HH+HV or VV+VH) SGX 8 x 8 26.8 - 17.3 x 24.7 1 x 4 SGF 12.5 x 12.5 SSG, SPG Wide SLC 11.8 x 5.1 30 13.5 x 7.7 150 x 150 20 - 45 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) or Dual (HH+HV or VV+VH) SGX 10 x 10 40.0 - 19.2 x 24.7 1 x 4 SGF 12.5 x 12.5 SSG, SPG Extended High SLC 11.8 x 5.1 25 13.5 x 7.7 75 x 75 49 - 60 1 x 1 Single (HH only) SGX 8 x 8 18.2 - 15.9 x 24.7 1 x 4 SGF 12.5 x 12.5 SSG, SPG Extended Low SLC 8.0 x 5.1 25 9.0 x 7.7 170 x 170 10 - 23 1 x 1 Single (HH only) SGX 10 x 10 52.7 – 23.3 x 24.7 1 x 4 SGF 12.5 x 12.5 SSG, SPG Fine Quad-Pol SLC 4.7 x 5.1 8 5.2 x 7.6 25 x 25 18 - 49 1 x 1 Quad (HH+VV+HV+VH) SGX 3.13 x 3.13 16.5 – 6.8 x 7.6 1 x 1 SSG, SPG Wide Fine Quad-Pol SLC 4.7 x 5.1 8 5.2 x 7.6 50 x 25 18 - 42 1 x 1 Quad (HH+VV+HV+VH) SGX 3.13 x 3.13 17.3–7.8 x 7.6 SSG, SPG Standard Quad-Pol SLC 8 or 11.8 x 5.1 25 9.0 or 13.5 x 7.6 25 x 25 18 - 49 1 x 1 Quad (HH+VV+HV+VH) SGX 8 x 3.13 28.6 – 17.7 x 7.6 SSG, SPG Wide Standard Quad-Pol SLC 8 or 11.8 x 5.1 25 9.0 or 13.5 x 7.6 50 x 25 18 - 42 1 x 1 Quad (HH+VV+HV+VH) SGX 8 x 3.13 30.0 –16.7 x 7.6 SSG, SPG ScanSAR Narrow SCN, SCF, SCS 25 x 25 50 81–38 x 40-70 300 x 300 20 to 46 2 x 2 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) or Dual (HH+HV or VV+VH) ScanSAR Wide SCW, SCF, SCS 50 x 50 100 163-73 x 78-106 500 x 500 20 to 49 4 x 2 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) or Dual (HH+HV or VV+VH) These are the different products : SLC (Single Look Complex): Amplitude and phase information is preserved. Data is in slant range. Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track SGF (Path Image): Data is converted to ground range and may be multi-look processed. Scene is oriented in direction of orbit path. Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track. SGX (Path Image Plus): Same as SGF except processed with refined pixel spacing as needed to fully encompass the image data bandwidths. Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track SSG (Map Image): Image is geocorrected to a map projection. SPG (Precision Map Image): Image is geocorrected to a map projection. Ground control points (GCP) are used to improve positional accuracy. SCN (ScanSAR Narrow)/SCF(ScanSAR Wide) : ScanSAR Narrow/Wide beam mode product with original processing options and metadata fields (for backwards compatibility only). Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track SCF (ScanSAR Fine): ScanSAR product equivalent to SGF with additional processing options and metadata fields. Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track SCS (ScanSAR Sampled) : Same as SCF except with finer sampling. Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track.

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    ERS-1/2 SCATTEROMETER Ocean Wind field and Sea Ice probability [ASPS20.H/ASPS20.N]

    The ASPS Level 2 products contain, for each node: the radar backscattering sigma nought for the three beams of the instrument, the four aliased wind solutions (Rank 1-4 wind vector) and the de-aliased wind vector flag, the sea-ice probability and sea-ice flag, the YAW quality flag. The wind retrieval is performed with the CMOD5N geophysical model function derived by ECMWF to compute the neutral winds rather than 10 m winds. ASPS L2.0 High resolution products are provided with a spatial resolution of 25x25 km and a grid spacing of 12.5 km. ASPS L2.0 Nominal resolution products are provided with a spatial resolution of 50x50 km and a grid spacing of 25 km. One product covers one orbit from ascending node crossing. Please consult the Product Quality Readme file before using the ERS ASPS data.

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    ERS-1/2 SAR IM Precision L1 [SAR_IMP_1P]

    The SAR Precision product is a multi-look (speckle-reduced), ground range image acquired in Image Mode. This product type is most applicable to users interested in remote sensing applications, but is also suitable for calibration purposes. The products are calibrated and corrected for the SAR antenna pattern and range-spreading loss. Radar backscatter can be derived from the products for geophysical modelling, but no correction is applied for terrain-induced radiometric effects. The images are not geocoded, and terrain distortion (foreshortening and layover) has not been removed. The numbering sequence relates to the satellite position and therefore differs between Ascending and Descending scenes. Product characteristics: Pixel size: 12.5 m (range - across track) x 12.5 m (azimuth - along track) Scene area: 100 km (range) x at least 102.5 km (azimuth) Scene size: 8000 pixels range x at least 8200 lines (azimuth) Pixel depth: 16 bits unsigned integer Total product volume: 125 MB Projection: Ground-range Number of looks: 3.

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    ERS-1/2 SAR IM Medium Resolution L1 [SAR_IMM_1P]

    This ERS Medium Resolution stripline product is generated from the Image Mode Level 0 Product. Stripline image products contain image data for an entire segment, up to a maximum size of 10 minutes per product for IM mode. The processor concatenates together several sub-images called "slices" that were processed separately on a dataset-by-dataset basis in order to form the entire stripline image. The product is processed to an approximately 150 m x 150 m resolution and has a radiometric resolution that is good enough for ice applications. This product has a lower spatial resolution than the SAR_IMP_1P and SAR_IMS_1P products. Product Characteristics: Pixel size: 5 m (ground range – across track) x 75 m (azimuth – along track) Scene area: 100 km (range) x at least 102.5 km Scene Size: 1300 pixels (range) x at least 1350 lines (azimuth) Pixel depth: 16 bits unsigned integer- Total product volume: at least 3.5 MB Projection: Ground-range Number of looks: 8 (azimuth) x 7 (range).

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    ERS-1/2 SAR IM Single Look Complex L1 [SAR_IMS_1P]

    The SAR SLC product is a single look complex acquired in Image Mode. It is a digital image, with slant range and phase preserved, generated from raw SAR data using up-to-date auxiliary parameters. The products are intended for use in SAR quality assessment, calibration and interferometric applications. A minimum number of corrections and interpolations are performed on the data. Absolute calibration parameters (when available) are provided in the product annotation. Product characteristics: Pixel size: 8 m (range - across track) x 4 m (azimuth - along track – varying slightly depending on acquisition Pulse Repetition Frequency) Scene area: 100 km (range) x at least 102.5 km (azimuth) Scene size: 5000 samples (range) x at least 30000 lines (azimuth) Pixel depth: 32 bits signed integer (16 bits I, 16 bits Q) Total product volume: 575 MB Projection: Slant range- Number of looks: 1.

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    ERS-1/2 SAR IM L0 [SAR_IM__0P]

    This SAR Level 0 product is acquired in Image Mode. The products consist of the SAR telemetry data and are supplied as standard scenes. It also contains all the required auxiliary data necessary for data processing. The product serves two main purposes: For testing ERS SAR processors independently from the HDDR system For users interested in full SAR data processing. Product characteristics: Scene area: 100 km (range - across track) x full segment length (azimuth - along track) Scene size: 5616 samples (range) x full segment length (azimuth) Pixel depth: 10 bits signed integer (5 bits I, 5 bits Q) Projection: Slant range.

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    Envisat ASAR IM Medium Resolution L1 [ASA_IMM_1P]

    This ASAR Medium Resolution strip-line product has been generated from Level 0 data collected when the instrument was in Image Mode. This product has lower resolution but higher radiometric resolution than the ASA_IMP. It is intended to perform applications-oriented analysis on large scale phenomena and multi-temporal imaging. This product provides a continuation of the ERS-SAR Image Mode data. The ASAR IM L0 full mission data archive has been bulk processed to Level 1 (ASA_IMM_1P) in Envisat format with the IPF-ASAR processor Version 6.03. Spatial Resolution: 150 m ground range x 150 m azimuth.

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    Envisat ASAR IM Precision L1 [ASA_IMP_1P]

    This is a multi-look, ground range, digital Precision Image generated from Level 0 data collected when the instrument was in Image Mode (7 possible swaths HH or VV polarisation). The product includes slant range to ground range correction. It is for users wishing to perform applications-oriented analysis and applies to multi-temporal imaging and to derive backscattering coefficients. The stand-alone image is generated using the Range/Doppler algorithm. The processing uses up to date (at time of processing) auxiliary parameters corrected for antenna elevation gain, and range spreading loss. Engineering corrections and relative calibration are applied to compensate for well-understood sources of system variability. Absolute calibration parameters, when available (depending on external calibration activities) are provided in the product annotations. This product provides a continuation of the ERS-SAR_PRI product. Spatial Resolution: 30 m ground range x 30 m azimuth.

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    Envisat ASAR IM Single Look Complex L1 [ASA_IMS_1P]

    This data product represents a single-look, complex, slant-range, digital image generated from Level 0 ASAR data collected when the instrument is in Image Mode. Seven possible swaths in HH or VV polarisation are available. The product is primarily intended for use in SAR quality assessment and calibration or applications requiring complex SAR images such as interferometry, and can be used to derive higher level products. The spatial coverage is about 100 km along track per 56 - 100 km across track, and the radiometric resolution is 1 look in azimuth, 1 look in range. The file size is 741 Mbytes. It is worth highlighting that Azimuth pixel spacing depends on Earth-Satellite relative velocity and actual PRF and slant range pixel spacing is given by ASAR sampling frequency (19.208 Mhz). Auxiliary data include: Orbit state vector, Time correlation parameters, Main Processing parameters ADS, Doppler Centroid ADS, Chirp ADS, Antenna Elevation Pattern ADS, Geolocation Grid ADS, SQ ADS. Spatial Resolution: Approximately 8m slant range x approximately 4m azimuth.

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    Envisat ASAR WS Medium Resolution L1 [ASA_WSM_1P]

    The strip-line product has been generated from Level 0 data collected when the instrument was in Wide Swath Mode. The product includes slant range to ground range corrections and covers a continuous area along the imaging swath. It is intended to perform application oriented analysis on large scale phenomena over a wide region and for multi-temporal imaging. This is the standard product for ASAR Wide Swath Mode. The ASAR WS L0 full mission data archive has been bulk processed to Level 1 (ASA_WSM_1P) in Envisat format with the IPF-ASAR processor Version 6.03. Spatial Resolution: 150 m slant range x 150 m azimuth.

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    Envisat ASAR Global Monitoring L1 [ASA_GM1_1P]

    This product has been generated from Level 0 data collected when the instrument was in Global Monitoring Mode. One product covers a full orbit. The product includes slant range to ground range corrections. This strip-line product is the standard for ASAR Global Monitoring Mode. It is processed to approximately 1 km resolution using the SPECAN algorithm. The swath width is approximately 400 km. The ASAR GM L0 full mission data archive has been bulk processed to Level 1 (ASA_GM1_1P) in Envisat format with the IPF-ASAR processor Version 6.03. Spatial Resolution: 1 km ground range x 1 km azimuth.