THEMATIC AREA
  • Agriculture
    • Agricultural Chemicals
    • Aquaculture
    • Crops and Yields
    • Diseases and Pests
    • Fisheries
    • Forestry
      • Afforestation/Reforestation
      • Forest Conservation/Protection
      • Forest Fires
      • Forest Management
      • Forest Mensuration/Inventory
    • Invasive Species
    • Plant Phenology
    • Reclamation, Revegetation and Restoration
    • Soils
      • Carbon
      • Organic Matter
      • Permafrost
      • Soil Classification
      • Soil Erosion
      • Soil Moisture
      • Soil Texture
  • Atmosphere
    • Aerosols
    • Air Quality
    • Altitude
    • Atmospheric Chemistry
    • Atmospheric Electricity
    • Atmospheric Pressure
    • Atmospheric Radiation
    • Atmospheric Temperature
    • Atmospheric Water Vapour
    • Atmospheric Winds
    • Clouds
    • Precipitation
    • Weather Events
  • Biosphere
    • Ecological Dynamics
    • Ecosystems
    • Vegetation
  • Climate
    • Atmospheric Indicators
    • Biospheric Indicators
    • Cryospheric Indicators
    • Environmental Vulnerability Index
    • Essential Climate Variables
    • Land Surface and Agriculture Indicators
    • Ocean Indicators
    • Paleoclimate Indicators
    • Sun-Earth Interaction Indicators
    • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Indicators
  • Cryosphere
  • Human Dimensions
    • Cultural Heritage
    • Energy and Natural Resources
    • Environmental Governance and Management
    • Environmental Impacts
    • Food Security
    • Habitat Conversion and Fragmentation
    • Human Settlements
    • Infrastructure
    • Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk
    • Population
    • Public Health
    • Security
    • Socioeconomics and Sustainability
  • Land Surface
    • Erosion and Sedimentation
    • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
    • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
    • Land Use and Land Cover
    • Landscape
    • Mapping and Cartography
    • Soils
      • Carbon
      • Organic Matter
      • Permafrost
      • Soil Classification
      • Soil Erosion
      • Soil Moisture
      • Soil Texture
    • Surface Radiative Properties
    • Surface Thermal Properties
    • Topography
  • Oceans
    • Aquaculture
    • Bathymetry and Seafloor Topography
    • Coastal Processes
      • Wetlands
    • Fisheries
    • Marine Environment Monitoring
    • Marine Geophysics
    • Marine Sediments
    • Ocean Chemistry
    • Ocean Circulation
    • Ocean Heat Budget
    • Ocean Optics
    • Ocean Temperature
    • Ocean Waves
    • Salinity and Density
    • Sea Ice
    • Sea Surface Topography
    • Tides
    • Water Quality
  • Solid Earth
    • Earth Gases and Liquids
    • Geochemistry
    • Geodetics
    • Geomagnetism
    • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
    • Geothermal Dynamics
    • Gravity and Gravitational Field
    • Rocks, Minerals and Crystals
    • Tectonics
      • Earthquakes
      • Plate Tectonics
      • Volcanic Activity
  • Sun-Earth Interaction
    • Ionosphere and Magnetosphere Dynamics
    • Solar Activity
    • Solar Energetic Particle Flux
    • Solar Energetic Particle Properties
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere
    • Coastal Processes
      • Wetlands
    • Glaciers and Ice Sheets
    • Groundwater
      • Soil Moisture
    • Snow and Ice
    • Surface Water
      • Lakes
      • Rivers
      • Wetlands
    • Water Quality and Water Chemistry
INSTRUMENT TYPE
MISSION
  • Aeolus
  • ALOS-1
  • Aura
  • Biomass
  • COSMO-SkyMed
  • CryoSat
  • Deimos
  • Deimos-1
  • Deimos-2
  • DMC First Generation
  • EarthCARE
  • Envisat
  • ERS
  • ERS-1
  • ERS-2
  • FLEX
  • GeoEye-1
  • GOCE
  • GOSAT
  • GRACE
  • ICEYE
  • IKONOS-2
  • IRS-1C
  • IRS-1D
  • IRS-P5
  • IRS-P6
  • IRS-R2
  • JERS-1
  • KOMPSAT-2
  • Landsat
  • Landsat-1
  • Landsat-2
  • Landsat-3
  • Landsat-4
  • Landsat-5
  • Landsat-7
  • Landsat-8
  • Metop
  • MSG
  • NOAA
  • OceanSat-2
  • ODIN
  • PAZ
  • PlanetScope
  • Pleiades
  • PROBA-1
  • PROBA-V
  • QuickBird-2
  • RADARSAT
  • RADARSAT-1
  • RADARSAT-2
  • RapidEye
  • SCISAT-1
  • Seasat
  • SkySat
  • SMOS
  • Spire
  • SPOT
  • SPOT 1
  • SPOT 2
  • SPOT 3
  • SPOT 4
  • SPOT 5
  • SPOT 6
  • SPOT 7
  • Swarm
  • TanDEM-X
  • TerraSAR-X
  • WorldView
  • WorldView-1
  • WorldView-2
  • WorldView-3
INSTRUMENT
  • AATSR
  • ACC
  • ACE-FTS
  • AIRSAFE
  • ALADIN
  • AMI/SAR
  • AMI/Scatterometer
  • ASAR
  • ASCAT
  • ASM
  • ATLID
  • ATSR-1
  • ATSR-2
  • AVHRR
  • AVNIR-2
  • AwiFS
  • BBR
  • BGI
  • CER
  • CHRIS
  • CPR
  • CZCS
  • DORIS
  • EFI
  • EGG
  • EOC
  • ETM
  • FAI
  • FLORIS
  • GERB
  • GIS
  • GOME
  • GOME-2
  • GOMOS
  • GPSR
  • GRACE ACC
  • GRACE INTERFEROMETER
  • GRACE LRR
  • GRACE SCA
  • HiRAIS
  • HiRI
  • HIRS/2
  • HRC
  • HRG
  • HRS
  • HRV
  • HRVIR
  • IASI
  • IRM
  • LISS-3
  • LISS-4
  • LRR
  • LRR
  • MAESTRO
  • MERIS
  • MGF
  • MHS
  • MIPAS
  • MIRAS
  • MODIS
  • MSI
  • MSS
  • MWR
  • NAOMI
  • NMS
  • OCM-2
  • OLI
  • OMI
  • OPS
  • OSA
  • OSIRIS
  • PALSAR
  • PAN
  • PlanetScope Imager
  • PRARE
  • PRISM
  • RA
  • RA2/MWR
  • RRI
  • SAR
  • SCIAMACHY
  • SeaWiFS
  • SeaWinds
  • SEI
  • SENSE
  • SEVIRI
  • SIRAL
  • SkySat Camera
  • SLIM6
  • SMR
  • SSTI
  • Star Tracker
  • STR
  • STRATOS
  • TANSO-CAI
  • TANSO-FTS
  • TIRS
  • TM
  • TSX-1
  • VFM
  • VGT
  • WIF
  • WV1
  • WV6
  • X-SAR
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Campaigns

Learn about the ground-based, ship-borne, balloon-borne, and airborne campaigns and small satellite field experiments that validate orbiting ESA EO satellites and support future mission development.

SPARC

SPARC

ESA's SPectra bARrax Campaign (SPARC) activity was part of the preparatory study for a proposed ESA Earth Explorer mission called SPECTRA. The objective was to collect a CHRIS/PROBA reference dataset for SPECTRA-related studies.

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SnowSum

SnowSum

The SnowSum experiment is designed to support the development of future concepts to monitor the cryosphere.

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SnowSAR Proof Of Concept

SnowSAR Proof Of Concept

The main objective of the SnowSAR campaign was the provision of radiometric calibrated airborne SAR data needed to characterise the backscattering signatures of snow and other terrain types (e.g. trees).

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SnowSAR (NOSREX, TVCEXP and ALPSAR)

SnowSAR (NOSREX, TVCEXP and ALPSAR)

As a candidate of the Earth Explorer Programme, the European Space Agency proposed the (CoReH2O) mission, consisting of a satellite mission for the monitoring of snow, glaciers and surface water, based on a dual frequency SAR sensor.

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SMOSice

SMOSice

The ESA SMOSice study has demonstrated for the first time the potential to retrieve sea ice thickness from SMOS data.

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POLARIS Proof of Concept 2008

POLARIS Proof of Concept 2008

The POLARIS Proof-of-Concept (PoC) 2008 campaign primarily aimed to verify the usefulness of the system for glaciological applications.

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POLARIS - Proof of Concept 2009

POLARIS - Proof of Concept 2009

POLARIS - Proof of Concept (PoC) 2009 is a follow on campaign from POLARIS - PoC 2008. It focused on an additional POLARIS test with the objective to system test after system upgrade and the acquisition of fully polarimetric data of glaciological interest.

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POLARIS

POLARIS

In February 2011, ESA's POLarimetric Airborne Radar Ice Sounder (POLARIS) system was flown for the first time in the Antarctic, as part of the POLARIS IceGrav Antarctic Campaign 2011, ICEGRAV project.

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PolarGap

PolarGap

The primary objective of the PolarGap campaign was to carry out an airborne gravity survey covering the southern polar gap of the gravity field mission GOCE, beyond the coverage of the GOCE orbit.

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NoSREx-I -II and -III

NoSREx-I -II and -III

The Nordic Snow Radar Experiment (NoSREx) took place between November 2009 and May 2010. The objective of the campaign was to provide a continuous time series of active and passive microwave observations of snow cover in a representative location.

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