New experimental phase for PROBA-V
PROBA-V has begun a new experimental phase that will continue through to October 2021.
Special PROBA-V microsite
See some of the accomplishments of the PROBA-V mission in a special microsite developed by VITO.
Did you know? New Proba-V infographic
ESA's vegetation-monitoring mission - Proba-V - will end operations in June 2020 after seven years.
Catching the world in a box
The rapid evolution of Egypt's Nile Delta over the last four years, as viewed from ESA's Proba-V microsatellite.

blue arrow Mission Overview


PROBA-V launched on 7 May 2013, is a miniaturised ESA satellite tasked with a full-scale mission to map land cover and vegetation growth across the entire planet every two days.

It is the latest in ESA's Proba series of minisatellites, among the smallest satellites launched by the agency - each one less than a cubic metre in volume.

This mission is extending the data set of the long-established Vegetation instrument, flown as a secondary payload aboard France's SPOT-4 and SPOT-5 satellites launched in 1998 and 2002 respectively.


Mission Parameters

Satellite Features Information
Orbit Type Polar Earth Sun-synchronous
Orbit Period 101 min
Orbit Inclination 98.73 degrees
Repeat cycle N/A
Orbit Altitude 820 km
Equator Crossing Time Initial LTDN between 10:30 and 11:30

blue arrow Mission Objectives

The objective of the PROBA-V ('V' for Vegetation) mission is to support existing applications such as

  • land use
  • worldwide vegetation classification 
  • crop monitoring, famine prediction 
  • food security 
  • disaster monitoring and biosphere studies 

The PROBA-V imager's continent-spanning 2250 km field of view collects light in the blue, red, near-infrared and mid-infrared wavebands, ideal for monitoring plant and forest growth as well as inland water bodies. The Vegetation instrument can distinguish between different land cover types and plant species, including crops, to reveal their health, as well as detect water bodies and vegetation burn scars.

blue arrow Instruments

Proba-V Vegetation

PROBA-V’s Vegetation (VGT) instrument provides a continuous daily picture of the state of vegetation across the majority of our planet.

find out more


Non-scientific measuring instruments

As an in-orbit demonstrator, the PROBA-V platform also flies five technological payloads:

  • A X-Band transmitter based on the new GaN RF amplifier
  • An Energetic Particle Telescope (EPT), demonstrating a new type of radiation monitoring sensors and acquisition system
  • An Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B) receiver, demonstrating potential air traffic surveillance from LEO satellites
  • A SATRAM radiation monitoring system, complementing EPT
  • HERMOD (fibre optic connectivity in-situ testing)

blue arrow Data

blue arrow DATA DOWNLOAD

On the basis of an agreement with VITO, download data from the Proba-V mission through the VITO Product Distribution Portal The data is freely available following registration.


ESA offers to registered user the external access through the VITO Product Distribution Portal to the following data collections:

Please see product information for further detail. 

blue arrow DATA TOOLS

Sentinel Application Platform (SNAP)

The SNAP PROBA-V Toolbox consists of a rich set of visualisation, analysis and processing tools for the exploitation of the VEGETATION instrument.

Read more

blue arrow DATA QUALITY

Quality Control is monitoring routinely the status of the spacecraft (payload and platform) and to check if the derived products meet the quality requirements along mission life-time. Monthly and Quarterly

Read more.