blue arrow Mission Overview


Selected as ESA’s seventh Earth Explorer in May 2013, the Biomass mission will provide crucial information about the state of our forests and how they are changing. The data will be used to further our knowledge of the role forests play in the carbon cycle. Biomass will also provide essential support to UN treaties on the reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.

The Biomass launch is expected around end of 2022 and is planned to be a five-year mission.

blue arrow Mission Objectives

The objective of the Biomass mission is to determine the global distribution of forest biomass by reducing the uncertainty in the calculation of carbon stock and fluxes associated with the terrestrial biosphere.

blue arrow Instrument


Biomass will carry, for the first time from space, a P-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) instrument to determine the amount of biomass and carbon stored in forests.

blue arrow Data

blue arrow DATA TOOLS

A number of tools are available for visualising, processing and analysing future Biomass data.


PolSARpro (Polarimetric SAR data Processing and Education) supports the scientific exploitation of polarimetric SAR data and is a tool for high-level education in radar polarimetry.

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ESOV (Earth Observation Swath and Orbit Visualisation) provides users with the means to visualise the instrument swaths of all ESA Earth Observation satellites and assist in understanding where and when satellite measurements are made and ground contact is possible.

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