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About Biomass


Selected as ESA's seventh Earth Explorer in May 2013, the Biomass mission will provide crucial information about the state of our forests and how they are changing. The data will be used to further our knowledge of the role forests play in the carbon cycle. Biomass will also provide essential support to UN treaties on the reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.

The Biomass launch is expected around April 2024 and is planned to be a five-year mission.

Biomass Objectives

The objective of the Biomass mission is to determine the global distribution of forest biomass by reducing the uncertainty in the calculation of carbon stock and fluxes associated with the terrestrial biosphere.

Biomass Instrument


Biomass will carry, for the first time from space, a P-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) instrument to determine the amount of biomass and carbon stored in forests.

Biomass Data


A number of tools are available for visualising, processing and analysing future Biomass data.


ESOV (Earth Observation Swath and Orbit Visualisation) provides users with the means to visualise the instrument swaths of all ESA Earth Observation satellites and assist in understanding where and when satellite measurements are made and ground contact is possible.

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PolSARpro (Polarimetric SAR data Processing and Education) supports the scientific exploitation of polarimetric SAR data and is a tool for high-level education in radar polarimetry.

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The Biomass Product Algorithm Laboratory (BioPAL) is an open-source scientific computing project, supporting the development of ESA's Biomass mission algorithms coded in Python.

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