What is SMOS?
ESA's Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity (SMOS) Earth Explorer mission is a radio telescope in orbit, but pointing back to Earth not space. It's Microwave Imaging Radiometer using Aperture Synthesis (MIRAS) radiometer picks up faint microwave emissions from Earth's surface to map levels of land soil moisture and ocean salinity.
These are the key geophysical parameters, soil moisture for hydrology studies and salinity for enhanced understanding of ocean circulation, both vital for climate change models.
Latest Mission Operations News
07 December 2016
ESA would like to inform the SMOS data users community that the SMOS Toolbox for SNAP (Sentinel Application Platform) has been updated to fully support the next version of SMOS Level 1C and Level 2 products.
28 November 2016
A planned system maintenance will be affecting the availability of all Earth Observation (EO) SSO services at ESA-ESRIN; the activity has been scheduled on Tuesday 29 November from 09:00 to 13:00 CET.
The SMOS Level 2 Soil Moisture data available in NRT based on a neural network approach (Level-2 SM-NRT-NN product in netCDF format) are now available via EUMETCast, within four hours from sensing.
Latest Mission Results News
11 November 2016
Heads of space agencies are meeting today in Marrakesh, Morocco at the COP22 climate change summit to reaffirm their commitment to a coordinated approach for monitoring Earth's climate, with particular focus on the water cycle.
14 October 2016
While ESA's water mission was built to advance our understanding of Earth, it continues to show how well it's suited to delivering information for numerous applications that improve everyday life. Taking this a step further, soil moisture data products are now available within three hours of measurement, which is essential for many applications.
27 July 2016
ESA's SMOS satellite has found a rise in fresh water in the tropical Pacific Ocean during last year's El Niño event.
The dedicated special issue on SMOS: ‘ESA's Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity Mission - Achievements and Applications' in the Remote Sensing of Environment (RSE) journal volume 180 (2016) is now available on the Science Direct website.
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