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ICEYE's overall mission is to enable better decision making for everyone by providing timely and reliable Earth observation data. To achieve that goal, the company is developing its own synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) sensor technologies suitable for satellites under 100kg in weight. ICEYE is building a constellation of 18 SAR satellites by the end of 2020, which will enable a 3 hour on average revisit rate around the globe.

ICEYE-X1 is ICEYE's first proof-of-concept microsatellite mission with a SAR sensor as its payload. It was launched on 12 January 2018, on ISRO's PSLV-C40 rocket from Satish Dhawan Space Center in India. ICEYE-X1 is also the world's first SAR satellite in this size (under 100kg), enabling radar imaging of the Earth through clouds and even in total darkness. The satellite is the very first Finnish commercial satellite. The ICEYE-X1 demonstration mission ended in 2018 with very successful results in demonstrating the capabilities of the novel SAR sensor and captured more than 600 unique acquisitions from a variety of test sites.

The ICEYE-X2 satellite was delivered into orbit via Spaceflight's SSO-A: SmallSat Express mission aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket on 3 December 2018, from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. The satellite is operational and performing very well and has a design lifetime of three years. ICEYE-X2 features a range of technology improvements to increase the versatility and quality of the imaging data compared to ICEYE-X1. Improvements relate to items such as component choices, subsystem interfaces, software code, operations procedures, communication links, and optimization of power management. ICEYE-X2 possesses various imaging modes to provide imagery at high resolution and alternatively with a very wide swath to support different types of use cases. Representative use-cases for the data include monitoring sea ice movements or marine oil spills, and prevention of illegal fishing.

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Three new Third Party Missions under evaluation

29 July 2019

In the framework of the Earthnet programme, ESA and its Member States continue to stimulate global cooperation between space actors around activities aiming to acquire and share resources and knowledge on our planet for the benefit of all citizens.

Recently, it was decided to continue the data assessment of three constellations:

ICEYE data familiarization phase for the Earthnet TPM programme continues with new ICEYE-X2 data

01 March 2019

The ICEYE data familiarization phase freely offers ICEYE imagery over several demonstration sites and is continuing this by presenting to the user community the new ICEYE-X2 products in place of older ICEYE-X1 data: this data is more representative of higher quality achieved by the new ICEYE microsatellite.

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Mission Details

ICEYE-X1 is a microsatellite with a launch mass of 70 kg, its bus structure is 70x60x50 and the SAR instrument length is 3.25 metres after deployment.

ICEYE-X2 has a mass of 85 kg, the bus size is 80 cm x 80 x 60 cm, 3.2m deployed antenna length.

ICEYE Sensor Specification

Parameter X1 X2
Bandwidth 60 MHz 300 MHz
Imaging modes Stripmap Stripmap (SM), Stripmap High (SMH), Spotlight (SL), ScanSAR (SC)
Ground resolution 10 m 3 m, (SM), 1.5 (SMH), 20 m (SC), 1 m (SL)
Swath width 35 km 35 km (SM), 25 km (SMH), 10 km (SL), 120 km (SC)
Incidence angle, degree 15-25 15-35 (SM, SC), 20-35 (SMH),k 23-35 (SL)
NESZ -17 -17 (SM and SC), -15 (SMH and SL)
Ambiguity ratio -17 -17
Polarization VV VV
Georeferencing accuracy 10 m Under 10 m (GPS based)
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ICEYE imagery products are primarily available as Level-1 SLC and GRD products, along with Level-2 products produced from them.

Name Description Product Level
SM RAW RAW products consist of compressed and unfocused SAR raw data. They form the basis for producing all other, higher level SAR products.

Level 0


Single Look Complex (SLC) products consist of focused SAR data geo-referenced using orbit and attitude data from the satellite and provided in zero-Doppler slant-range geometry. The products include a single look in each dimension using the full transmit signal bandwidth and consist of complex samples preserving the phase information and represent the basis for further processing.

Level 1a


Ground Range Detected (GRD) products consist of focused SAR data that has been detected, multi-looked and projected to ground range using an Earth ellipsoid model. Phase information is lost. The resulting product has approximately square spatial resolution pixels and square pixel spacing with reduced speckle at the cost of worse spatial resolution. All ground range products contain magnitude detected pixels represented as unsigned integers.

Level 1b


Geometrically corrected (orthorectified) terrain corrected data using typically the best available digital elevation model and a basic set of GCPs for refining original georeferencing information

Level 2a


Geometrically and radiometrically corrected (orthorectified) terrain flattened data using typically the best available digital elevation model and an extended set of GCPs for refining original georeferencing information

Level 2b