blue arrow DESCRIPTION

ICEYE full archive and new tasking products are available in Strip, Spot and Scan modes, Complex (SLC) and Amplitude (GRD) processing levels:

  • Strip instrument mode: the ground swath is illuminated with a continuous sequence of pulses while the antenna beam is fixed in its orientation. This results in a long image strip parallel to the flight direction: the transmitted pulse bandwidth is adjusted to always achieve a ground range resolution of 3 m.
  • Spot instrument mode: the radar beam is steered to illuminate a fixed point to increase the illumination time, resulting in an extended Synthetic aperture length, which improves the azimuth resolution. Spot mode uses a 300 MHz pulse bandwidth and provides a slant plane image with a resolution of 0.5 m (range) by 0.25 m (azimuth); when translated into the ground, the products has 1 m resolution covering an area of 5 km x 5 km. Due to multi-looking, speckle noise is significantly reduced
  • Scan Instrument mode: the phased array antenna is used to create multiple beams in the elevation direction which allows to acquire a large area (100km x 100km) with resolution better than 15m. To achieve the finest image quality of its Scan image, ICEYE employs a TOPSAR technique, which brings major benefits over the quality of the images obtained with conventional SCANSAR imaging. With the 2-dimensional electronic beam steering, TOPSAR ensures the maximum radar power distribution in the scene, providing uniform image quality.

Two different processing levels can be requested:

  • Single Look Complex (SLC): Single Look Complex (SLC) Level 1a products consist of focused SAR data geo-referenced using orbit and attitude data from the satellite and the scenes are stored in the satellite's native image acquisition geometry which is the slant-range-by-azimuth imaging plane and with zero-Doppler SAR coordinates. The pixels are spaced equidistant in azimuth and in slant range. The products include a single look in each dimension using the full transmit signal bandwidth and consist of complex magnitude value samples preserving both amplitude and phase information. No radiometric artefacts induced by spatial resampling or geocoding. The product is provided in Hierarchical Data Format (HDF5) plus a xml file with selected metadata.
  • Ground Range Detected (GRD): Ground Range Detected (GRD) Level 1b products consist of focused SAR data that has been detected, multi-looked and projected to ground range using an Earth ellipsoid model. The image coordinates are oriented along the flight direction and along the ground range. Pixel values represent detected magnitude, the phase information is lost. The resulting product has approximately square spatial resolution pixels and square pixel spacing with reduced speckle due to the multi-look processing at the cost of worse spatial resolution. No image rotation to a map coordinate system has been performed and interpolation artefacts are thus avoided. The product is provided in GeoTiff plus a xml file with selected metadata.
  Strip Spot Scan
Ground range resolution (GRD) 3 m 1 m <15 m
Ground azimuth resolution (GRD) 3 m 1 m <15 m
Slant range resolution (SLC) 0.5m - 2.5m 0.5m  
Slant azimuth resolution (SLC) 0.5 m - 2.5m 0.25 m  
Scene size (W x L) 30 x 50 km2 5 x 5 km2 100 x 100 km2
Incident angle 15 - 30° 20 - 35° 21-29°
Polarisation VV VV VV


All details about the data provision, data access conditions and quota assignment procedure are described in the ICEYE Terms of Applicability.

In addition, ICEYE has released a public catalogue that contains nearly 18,000 thumbnails under a creative common license of radar images acquired with ICEYE's SAR satellite constellation all around the world from 2019 until October 2020. Access to the catalogue requires registration.

blue arrow DETAILS


Spatial coverage: 

90 N, -90 S, -180 W, 180 E

Temporal coverage:

2018-12-03 - present

Mission status:
Orbit height:
570 km
Orbit type:
Swath width:
30 km Strip, 5 km Spot , 100km Scan

Very High Resolution - VHR (0 - 5 m), High Resolution - HR (5 - 20 m)

Wavelengths: X-Band (2.8 - 5.2 cm)


Level 1, Level 1a, Level 1b,


The collection is open for research and application development, prototype and test projects to users located in the territory of ESA Member States (including Canada), in the European Commission Member States and in China as part of the Dragon cooperation programme but ICEYE can introduce limitation due to security regulations.

Data are available for on demand ordering, upon submission of a Project Proposal subject to evaluation and acceptance by ESA and the data owner(product/programming quotas are assigned if applicable).

The process usually takes up to two weeks and there are no deadlines for submitting a proposal.

In addition, ICEYE has released a public catalogue that contains nearly 18,000 thumbnails under a creative common license of radar images acquired with ICEYE’s SAR satellite constellation all around the world from 2019 till October 2020. Access to the catalogue requires registration.

For further information about the EO Sign In Service you can visit Tellus

Should you need support please contact EOHelp

ESA will support as many high-quality and innovative projects as possible within the quota limit available, therefore only a limited amount of products can be allowed to each project. Availability and restrictions to the use of the data are described in the ESA Third Party Missions (TPM) Terms and Conditions and in the Terms of Applicability document


Utilisation of this data is subject to ESA's Earth Observation Terms and Conditions


blue arrow RESOURCES

ICEYE SAR product guide
Product Description
ICEYE Level 1 Product Format Specification
Product Specifications
SNAP ICEYE user guide
User Guide
ICEYE Terms of Applicability
Access Guide
Guidelines for the submission of Project Proposal
Data Access information
ICEYE Public Catalogue
Get Help?
ESA Earth Observation User Services Portal
Iceye Final Report
Final Report