OceanSat-2 is an oceanography satellite from India which launched on 23 September 2009 and remains operational.
|Orbit Type||Polar Sun-synchronous|
|Orbit Period||99.31 minutes|
|Revisit Time||2 days|
|Equator Crossing Time||12:00|
The main objectives of OceanSat-2 are to study surface winds and ocean surface strata, observation of chlorophyll concentrations, monitoring of phytoplankton blooms, study of atmospheric aerosols and suspended sediments in the water. OceanSat-2 plays an important role in forecasting the onset of the monsoon and its subsequent advancement over the Indian subcontinent and over South-East Asia.
OCM-2 (Ocean Colour Monitor-2)
OCM-2 is an improved version of the one flown on OceanSat-1. OCM-2 is a solid-state radiometer providing observations in eight spectral bands in the VNIR region. It is an 8-band multi-spectral camera operating in the Visible – Near infrared spectral range. This camera provides an instantaneous geometric field of view of 360 m and a swath of 1420 km. OCM can be tilted up to + 20 degrees along track.
Spectral Range (8 bands)
0.4 - 0.9 µm (VNIR)
Scan Plane Tilt
±20º,to avoid sun glitter
>20% at Nyquist frequency
IFOV at nadir (spatial resolution)
LAC: 360 m x 236 m
1420 km (±43º)
±20º along track
Data Rate (real-time)
|SNR||> 512 (saturation)|
|Effective Focal Length||20 mm|
|Absolute Radiometric Accuracy||<10%|
|Onboard Calibration||2 LEDs per band|
|Instrument Power||134 W|
|Spectral Band||Wavelength Range (nm)||Application|
|B1||404-424||Yellow substance absorption|
|B3||476-496||Chlorophyll and other pigments|
|B4||500-520||Turbidity and suspended sediments|
|B6||610-630||Total suspended matter estimation|
|B8||845-885||Atmospheric correction/aerosol optical thickness|
Non-scientific Measuring Instruments
Scanning Scatterometer (SCAT): an active microwave device used to determine ocean surface level wind vectors through estimation of radar backscatter.
Radio Occultation Sounder for Atmospheric Studies (ROSA): a GPS occultation receiver provided by ASI (the Italian Space Agency) with an objective to characterise the lower atmosphere and the ionosphere.
ESA offers to registered user the access through the Online Dissemination server to the following data collections