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INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

a-scatterometers

Heritage Missions

SAR (ERS-2)

The SAR instrument aboard ERS-2 was capable of high precision change detection of surface heights.

a-imaging-radars

Heritage Missions

SAR (ERS-1)

The ERS-1 satellite, launched on 17 July 1991, carried a Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR).

a-spectrometers-radiometers

Heritage Missions

AATSR

The AATSR instrument aboard Envisat was primarily designed to measure Sea Surface Temperature.

a-lidar-laser-sounders

Earth Explorers

ALADIN

ALADIN, on board Aeolus, is Direct Detection Doppler Wind Lidar operating in the ultraviolet range.

a-spectrometers-radiometers

Earth Explorers

MIRAS

The MIRAS instrument is a passive microwave 2-D interferometric radiometer onboard the SMOS satellite.

p-magnetic-field-electric-field-instruments

Earth Explorers

VFM

The Vector Field Magnetometer is the primary instrument carried aboard the Swarm satellites.

p-magnetic-field-electric-field-instruments

Earth Explorers

ASM

The Absolute Scalar Magnetometer on the Swarm satellites measures the strength of the magnetic field.

p-magnetic-field-electric-field-instruments

Earth Explorers

EFI

The Electric Field Instrument aboard the Swarm satellites is the first 3D ionospheric imager in space.

a-altimeters

Earth Explorers

SIRAL

SIRAL (SAR Interferometer Radar Altimeter) is the primary instrument onboard ESA's CryoSat mission.