Minimize Dataset Details
Earth Topics (Applications)
  • Land
  • Soil, Landscape Topography, Vegetation

    Instrument type
    Date of Launch:
    11 February 2013
    Mission Status:
    Operating nominally
    Orbit Height:
    705 km
    Orbit type:
    Swath Width:
    185 km
    Landsat 8 OLI-TIRS European Coverage
    (4884) recent views
    Last update: 2 May 2019

    European coverage of Landsat 8 data since the beginning of the mission is available on the Landsat 8 portal.

    Data shown on the portal:

    • Near-real time products from Matera and Kiruna stations, June 2018 - December 2018 
    • Reprocessed (Tier 1 and Tier 2, see definition on the USGS website.) products from Matera and Kiruna stations, May 2013 - December 2018; some time windows are currently missing and will be gradually available as reprocessed
    • European coverage (NRT, Tier 1 and Tier 2 data), from January 2019 onwards    
    • Real Time data from Landsat-8 and Landsat-7 on the Landsat Portal will be available again from June/July 2019.

    Most of the ESA archive has been acquired at ESA receiving stations.

    Landsat 8 level 1 products combine data from the 2 Landsat instruments; OLI and TIRS. The level 1 products generated can be either L1T or L1gT:

    • L1T - Orthorectified products
      Level 1T data products consist of radiometrically corrected image data derived from L0 data scaled to at-aperture spectral radiance or reflectance that are resampled for registration to a cartographic projection (referenced to the WGS84, G873 or current version). The L1T product is orthorectified, and corrected for terrain relief. The geometric corrections use observatory ephemeris data and ground control points; DEM data is used to correct for terrain relief.
    • L1gT - Geometrically corrected products
      L1gT data products consist of L0 product data with systematic radiometric, geometric and terrain corrections applied and resampled for registration to a cartographic projection, referenced to the WGS84, G873, or current version. L1gT data products assume the use of on-board positional information or definitive ephemeris, as well as the use of controlled elevation data to correct for parallax errors.
      In case of insufficient GCP, caused by extensive snow/cloud cover, which makes the orthorectification impossible, products of this level are produced instead of L1T.

    The following table shows the band identification:

    Band Reference Number Band Description Band Centre (nm)
    1 Coastal Aerosol (Operational Land Imager (OLI)) 433
    2 Blue (OLI) 482
    3 Green (OLI) 562
    4 Red (OLI) 655
    5 Near-Infrared (NIR) (OLI) 865
    6 Short Wavelength Infrared (SWIR) 1 (OLI) 1610
    7 SWIR 2 (OLI) 2200
    8 Panchromatic (OLI) 590
    9 Cirrus (OLI) 1375
    10 Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) 1 10800
    11 TIRS 2 12000

    The following picture shows the Landsat bands:

    Pixel size: 30m

    Scene size: 170km x 185km

    Average product size: 1066 MB

    Data Set Specifications
    Temporal coverage: July 2013 - current day
    Current Processor Version: DPAS 5.0
    Processing level
    Level 1
    How to access this data

    Data are available online upon fast registration.

    Terms & Conditions applicable
    Utilisation of this data is subject to the Terms and Conditions for ESA's Third Party Missions scheme


    Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM) Level 1 (L1) Data Format Control Book (DFCB)