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Missions

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with other agencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

Aeolus
Earth Explorers

Aeolus

The Aeolus mission provides global observations of wind profiles from space to improve the quality of weather forecasts, and to advance our understanding of atmospheric dynamics and climate processes.

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PROBA-1
Third Party Missions

PROBA-1

PROBA-1 is a technology demonstration satellite that later became an operational Earth observation mission.

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Envisat
Heritage Missions

Envisat

Envisat was ESA's successor to ERS. Envisat carried ten instruments aboard for a wide range of Earth observing fields. The mission was operational from 2002 to 2012.

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ERS
Heritage Missions

ERS

The ERS programme was composed of two missions, ERS-1 and ERS-2, which together observed the Earth for 20 years, from 1991 to 2011.

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GOSAT Series
Third Party Missions

GOSAT Series

The GOSAT series is composed of two environment-monitoring satellites developed by JAXA dedicated to the observation of greenhouse gases.

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NOAA
Third Party Missions

NOAA

NOAA's AVHRR sensor is carried on the POES mission, a constellation of polar orbiting weather satellites.

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GOSAT-2
Third Party Missions

GOSAT-2

GOSAT-2 (Greenhouse gases Observing Satellite-2) is a JAXA satellite dedicated to the observation of greenhouse gases.

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SPOT
Third Party Missions

SPOT

The SPOT (from French "Satellite pour l'Observation de la Terre") series of missions has been supplying high-resolution, wide-area optical imagery since 1986.

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Aura
Third Party Missions

Aura

NASA's Aura mission studies the chemistry and dynamics of Earth's atmosphere from the ground through the mesosphere.

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MetOp
Meteorological Missions

MetOp

MetOp is a mission dedicated to improving weather forecasts and monitoring Earth's climate.

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