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Meteosat Second Generation

MSG (Meteosat Second Generation): After the successful experience of developing the first European meteorological satellite Meteosat in the seventies, ESA initiated studies to improve related space technology in order to satisfy more demanding requirements for meteorologists. The ESA MSG Programme, started in 1994 , is composed of four satellites and funded by thirteen ESA Member States: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

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MetOp-A, Europe's first polar-orbiting satellite and a mission dedicated to improving weather forecasts and monitoring Earth's climate, was launched on 19 October 2007 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. MetOp, a series of three satellites, represents the European contribution to a new cooperative venture with the United States. It is designed to provide a closer view of the atmosphere from low earth orbit, delivering data that will improve global weather prediction and enhance our understanding of climate change.