Minimize What is Sentinel-2?
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The Sentinel-2 mission is a land monitoring constellation of two satellites that provide high resolution optical imagery and provide continuity for the current SPOT and Landsat missions.

The mission provides a global coverage of the Earth's land surface every 10 days with one satellite and 5 days with 2 satellites, making the data of great use in on-going studies.

The satellites are equipped with the state-of-the-art MSI (Multispectral Imager) instrument, that offers high-resolution optical imagery.

Minimize Mission News
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Greenland wildfire

10 August 2017

Greenland is usually associated with ice and snow, but the country has fallen victim to a large wildfire that has been raging since the end of July. The fire was imaged by the Copernicus Sentinel-2A satellite on 8 August 2017. The satellite carries a high-resolution multispectral camera working in 13 wavelength bands. The animation uses different combinations of these bands to show the fire in natural colour, to highlight the flames and to show the burnt areas.

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Vesuvius on fire

14 July 2017

With Italy suffering high temperatures and drought, wildfires have broken out including blazes that are ravaging the slopes of Mount Vesuvius near Naples. Using images taken by the Copernicus Sentinel-2B satellite on 12 July 2017, the animation combines different sensor bands to highlight the numerous separate fires around this iconic volcano and the smoke billowing over the surrounding area.

Minimize Mission Details

Launch date:

Sentinel-2A - 23 June 2015
Sentinel-2B - 07 March 2017

Operational lifespan: 7.25 years (with consumables for 12)

Mission Objectives:

  • Land observation, including: Vegetation, soil and water cover, inland waterways and coastal areas
  • Land use and change detection maps
  • Providing support in generating land cover
  • Disaster relief support
  • Climate change monitoring

Mission orbit:

Orbit Height: 786 km
Orbit Type: Sun-synchronous
Inclination: 98.5o
Repeat cycle: 10 days with one satellite and 5 days with 2 satellites

Payload:
MSI (Multispectral Imager)

Resolution and Swath Width: 290 km - 10 m, 20 m and 60 m spatial resolution

Configuration:
The spacecraft is equipped with a deployable solar array and the dimensions of the craft are: 3.4 m x 1.8 m x 2.35 m with a weight (at time of launch) of 1100 kg.

Launch vehicle:

Vega rocket (Sentinel-2A)
Rockot vehicle (Sentinel-2B)

Ad interim operator: ESA

Data processing:

  • Level 1 - A - Radiometric corrections
  • Level 1 - B - Geometric corrections
  • Level 2 - A - Cloud screening
  • Level 2 - B - Atmospheric corrections
  • Level 2 - C - Geophysical variables retrieval algorithms
  • Level 3 - Simulation of cloud corrections

Contractors:

Astrium Germany has been prime contracted to construct the Sentinel-2 satellite and leads a consortium with core partners:

  • Astrium France is providing the MSI payload
  • Boostec is providing the three-mirror Silicon carbide telescope and the instrument baseplate
  • Jena-Optronik is responsible for the 2 Video Compression Units (VCU)
  • Sener is supplying the instrument Calibration and Shutter Mechanism (CSM).