Tracking Typhoon Hagibis from space
29 October 2019
Hagibis was the biggest typhoon to hit Japan in decades. With extreme events like this likely to increase in number and in severity as a consequence of climate change, satellites are playing an increasingly important role in understanding and tracking huge storms.
Different satellites carry different instruments that can provide a wealth of complementary information to understand and to respond to a single event.
After making landfall on 12 October 2019 on Shizuoka Prefecture's Izu Peninsula, Hagibis brought record-breaking rainfall, triggered mudslides and caused severe flooding.
While the storm was still over the ocean, both Copernicus Sentinel-1 and ESA's SMOS missions were used to track what was going on within and beneath the storm at the sea surface, and Copernicus Sentinel-3 imaged from above.