Scatterometer instruments aim to achieve high accuracy measurements of wind vectors, and resolution is of secondary importance - the resolution of the ERS scatterometer is 50km, though the grid sampling is 25km. Because the scatterometer operates at microwave wavelengths, the measurements are available irrespective of weather conditions.
Information from the ERS wind scatterometer provides a unique source of data on sea surface wind speed and direction which has important applications in weather and wave forecasting and the investigation of climate models and elaboration . The assimilation of scatterometer data into atmospheric forecasting models greatly improves the description of cyclonic features so important in predicting future weather patterns.
There are numerous other applications, such as the measurement of sea ice extent and concentration, and emerging land applications such as regional-scale monitoring of ice shelves, rainforests and deserts.
Click here for some examples of the use of WS data for wind and wave forecasts for offshore operations and ship routing.