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Abbreviations and Acronyms

Table of Contents

ANNEX 3: Abbreviations and Acronyms




AAI  Absorbing Aerosol Index 
AATSR  Advanced Along Track Scanning Radiometer 
ACE  Atmosphere Climate Experiment 
ACVT  Atmospheric Chemistry Validation Team 
ADC  Analogue-to-Digital Converter 
ADEOS  Advanced Earth Observing System 
ADS  Annotation Data Set 
AMC-DOAS  Air Mass Corrected DOAS 
AMF  Airmass Factor 
AMON  Absorption par les Minoritaires Ozone et NOx 
ANX  Ascending Node Crossing 
AO  Announcement of Opportunity 
AO  Analogue Offset 
AOI  Announcement of Opportunity Instrument 
AOP  AO Instrument Provider 
AOT  Aerosol Optical Thickness 
APSM  Aperture Stop Mechanism 
ARCF  Absolute Radiometric Calibration Facility 
ASAR  Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar 
ASI  Agenzia Spaziale Italiana 
ASM  Azimuth Scan Mechanism 
ASUR  Airborne Submillimeter Radiometer 
ATBD  Algorithm Technical Basis Document 
ATC  Active Thermal Control 
ATSR  Along-Track Scanning Radiometer 
AU  Astronomical Unit 
AZACM  Azimuth Aperture Cover Mechanism 
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BAER  Bremen Aerosol Retrieval 
BCPS  Broadcast Pulse 
BDM  Bad and Dead Pixel Mask 
BIRA-IASB  Belgisch Instituut voor Ruimte-Aeronomie / Institut d'Aeronomie Spatiale de Belgique
BMFT  Bundesministerium fur Forschung und Technologie 
BOL  Begin-of-Life 
BONBON  balloon-borne cryogenic whole-air-sampler for the collection of air samples in the stratosphere 
BU  Binary Unit 
BUV  Backscattered Ultraviolet 
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CA  Corrective Action 
CARIBIC  Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container 
C&C  Command & Control 
CCA  Communication Area 
CF  Cloud Fraction 
CGT  Cloud Geometrical Thickness 
CLRTAP  Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution 
CNES  Centre Nationale d'Etudes Spatiales 
COT  Cloud Optical Thickness 
CPI  Cloud Phase Index 
CTH  Cloud Top Height 
CTI  Configurable Transfer Item 
CTP  Cloud Top Pressure 
C1  Category 1 
C2  Category 2 
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DAK  Double-Adding code KNMI 
DARA  Deutsche Agentur fur Raumfahrtangelegenheiten 
DBU  Digital Bus Unit 
DDS  Data Dissemination System 
DFD  Deutsches Fernerkundungs-Datenzentrum 
DHCM  Decontamination Heater Control Module 
DIAL  Differential Absorption Lidar 
DLR  Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft- und Raumfahrt 
DLR-OP  DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen 
DME  Detector Module Electronics 
DNPM  Deutsch-Niederlundisches Projektmanagement 
DNX  Descending Node Crossing 
DOAS  Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy 
DORIS  Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning by Satellite 
D-PAC  German PAC 
DU  Dobson Unit 
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EA  Electronic Assembly 
EADS  European Aeronautic Defense and Space Company 
ECMWF  European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts 
EDI  ESA Developed Instrument 
EEPROM  Electrical Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory 
ELACM  Elevation Aperture Cover Mechanism 
ELHYSA  Etude l'Hygromerie Stratospherique 
EMC  Electromagnetic Compatibility 
ENVISAT  Environmental Satellite 
ENVISOLAR  Environmental Information Services for Solar Energy Industries 
EO  Earth Observation 
EOL  End-of-Life 
EOS  Earth Observing System 
EPS  EUMETSAT Polar System 
ERBS  Earth Radiation Budget Satellite 
ERS  European Remote Sensing Satellite 
ESA  European Space Agency 
ESABC  ENVISAT Stratospheric Aircraft and Balloon Campaign 
ESM  Elevation Scan Mechanism 
ESOC  European Space Operation Centre 
ESRIN  European Space Research Institute 
EUMETSAT  European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites 
EURAD  European Air Pollution Dispersion 
EURECA  European Retrievable Carrier 
EUTELSAT  European Telecommunications Satellite 
EUV  Extreme UV 
EVDC  ENVISAT Validation Data Centre 
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FMI  Finnish Meteorological Institute 
Fin CoPAC  Finnish Co-PAC 
FIRS  Far-Infrared Spectrometer 
FISH  Fast In Situ Stratospheric Hygrometer 
FOCC  Flight Operation Control Centre 
FODP  Flight Operation and Data Plan 
FOS  Flight Operation Segment 
FoV  Field of View 
FRESCO  Fast Retrieval Scheme for Clouds from the Oxygen A-band 
FTIR  Fourier Transform Infrared 
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GADS  Global Annotation Data Set 
GAW  Global Atmospheric Watch 
GBMCD  Ground-Based Measurement and Campaign Database 
GDF  General Distribution Function 
GDP  GOME Data Processor 
GEO  Global Earth Observation 
GeoFIS  Geostationary Fourier Transform Interferometer 
GEOSS  Global Earth Observation System of Systems 
GeoSCIA  Geostationary Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer 
GeoTROPE  Geostationary Tropospheric Explorer 
GMES  Global Monitoring for Environment and Security 
GODFIT  GOME Direct Fitting 
GOME  Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment 
GOMOS  Global Ozone Monitoring by Occultation of Stars 
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HALOE  Halogen Occultation Experiment 
HICRU  Heidelberg Iterative Cloud Retrieval Utilities 
HK  Housekeeping 
HSM  High Speed Multiplexer 
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IABG  Industrieanlagen-Betriebsgesellschaft 
IASI  Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer 
ICU  Instrument Control Unit 
IECF  Instrument Engineering and Calibration Facility 
IFoV  Instantaneous Field of View 
IGACO  Integrated Global Atmospheric Chemistry Observations Theme 
ILoS  Instantaneous Line of Sight 
IMAP  Iterative Maximum a Posteriori 
IMAU  Institute of Marine and Atmospheric Research Utrecht 
IMF  Institut fur Methodik der Fernerkundung 
IMIA  Instrument Mission Implementation Agreement 
IMLM  Iterative Maximum Likelihood Method 
INTA  Instituto Nacional de Tecnica Aerospacial 
IODD  Input/output data definition 
IOM  Instrument Operation Manual 
IPCC  Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change 
IPF  Instrument Processing Facility 
IR  Infrared 
ISCCP  International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project 
IST  Integrated System Team 
IT  Integration Time 
IUP  Institut fur Umweltphysik (Heidelberg) 
IUP-IFE  Institut fur Umweltphysik / Institut fir Fernerkundung (Bremen) 
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KNMI  Koninklijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Instituut 
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LC  Leakage Current 
LEOP  Launch and Early Operation Phase 
LIDORT  Linearized Discrete Ordinate Radiative Transfer 
LLI  Life Limited Item 
LoS  Line-of-Sight 
LPMA  Laboratoire de Physique Moleculaire er Applications 
LPMA-DOAS  Limb Profile Monitoring of the Atmosphere DOAS 
LRAC  Low Rate Reference Archive Centre 
LUT  Lookup Table 
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MANTRA  Middle Atmosphere Nitrogen Trend Assessment 
MAP  Measurement of Atmospheric Pollution 
MASI  Models and data Assimilation, Satellite Intercomparison 
MAX-DOAS  Multi-Axis DOAS 
MCMD  Macrocommand 
MDS  Measurement Data Set 
MERIS  Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer 
METEOSAT  Meteorological Satellite 
METOP  Meteorological Operational Satellite 
MIPAS  Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding 
MIPAS-B  MIPAS for Balloons 
MIR  Montgolfier Infra-Red 
MLI  Multilayer Insulation 
MLS  Microwave Limb Sounder 
MO&C  Moon Occultation & Calibration 
MODIS  Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer 
MOPITT  Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere 
MOZAIC  Measurement of Ozone and Water vapour by Airbus In-service aircraft 
MPS  Mission Planning System 
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NADIR  NILU Atmospheric Database for Interactive Retrieval 
NASA  National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
NASDA  National Space Development Agency of Japan 
NCW  Nadir Calibration Window 
NCWM  Nadir Calibration Window Mechanism 
NDF  Neutral Density Filter 
NDFM  Neutral Density Filter Mechanism 
NDSC  Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change 
NH  Northern Hemisphere 
NILU  Norsk Institutt for Luftforskning 
NIR  Near Infrared 
NIS  New Independent States 
NIVR  Nederlands Instituut voor Vliegtuigontwikkeling en Ruimtevaart 
NIWA  National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research 
NLC  Noctilucent Cloud 
NNDEC  Non-nominal Decontamination 
NOAA  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
NOXAR  Measurements of Nitrogen Oxides and Ozone along Air Routes 
NPP  NPOESS Preparatory Project 
NPOESS  National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System 
NRSC  National Remote Sensing Centre Ltd 
NRT Near-realtime 
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OA  Optical Assembly 
OBM  Optical Bench Module 
OBT  On-Board Time 
OCO  Orbiting Carbon Observatory 
OCR  Operation Change Request 
OCRA  Optical Cloud Recognition Algorithm 
OE  Optimal Estimation 
OIP  Optique et Instruments de Pr¿cision 
OL  Offline 
OLEX  Ozone Lidar Experiment 
OMI  Ozone Monitoring Instrument 
OMPS  Ozone Monitoring and Profiling Suite 
OPTEC  Optical Test Facility 
OSIRIS  Optical Spectrograph and Infrared Imager System 
OU  Optical Unit 
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PAC  Processing and Archiving Facility 
PDAS  Payload Data Acquisition Station 
PDCC  Payload Data Control Center 
PDHS  Payload Data Handling Station 
PDHS-E  Payload Data Handling Station - ESRIN 
PDHS-K  Payload Data Handling Station - Kiruna 
PDS  Payload Data Segment 
PET  Pixel Exposure Time 
PFM  Proto Flight Model 
PI  Principle Investigator 
PMC  Polar Mesospheric Cloud 
PMC  Payload Management Computer 
PMD  Polarization Measurement Device 
PMTC  Power Mechanism & Thermal Control Unit 
POAM  Polar Ozone and Aerosol Measurement 
POEM  Polar Orbit Earth Observation Mission 
PPF  Polar Platform 
PPG  Pixel-to-Pixel Gain 
PROMOTE  Protocol Monitoring for the GMES Service Element 
PSC  Polar Stratospheric Cloud 
PV  Potential Vorticity 
PVU  Potential Vorticity Unit 
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RADIBAL Radiometre Balloon
RAM Random Access Memory
RASA  Russian Aviation and Space Agency 
RE  Radiated Emission 
RGB  Red, Green, Blue 
ROSE  Research on Ozone in the Stratosphere and its Evolution 
RR  Reduced Resolution 
RRU  Radiant Reflector Unit 
RS  Radiated Susceptibility 
RT  Random Telegraph 
RTCS  Relative Time Command Sequence 
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SAA  South Atlantic Anomaly 
SABER  Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry 
SACURA  Semi-Analytical Cloud Retrieval Algorithm 
SAGE  Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment 
SALOMON  UV-VIS Spectrometer 
SAM  Stratospheric Aerosol Measurement 
SAOZ  Syst¿me d'Analyse par Observations Z¿nithale 
SBUV  Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet instrument 
SCCVT  SCIAMACHY Calibration and Verification Team 
SCIAMACHY  Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography 
SCIARAYS  toolbox for radiative transfer modelling and atmospheric parameter retrieval in the UV-VIS 
SCIATRAN  radiative transfer model for SCIAMACHY 
SCIAVALIG  SCIAMACHY Validationand Interpretation Group 
SCIA-VALUE  SCIAMACHY Validation and Utilization Experiment 
SCOOP  SCIAMACHY On-board Operation Plan 
SDLA-LAMA  Spectrometre Diode Laser Accordable Laser pour l'Analyse du Methane Atmospherique 
SDPU  Science Data Processing Unit 
SEM  Simplified Engineering Model 
SEU  Single Event Upset 
SF  Sun Follower 
SFM  Spectrophotometer 
SGP  SCIAMACHY Ground Processor 
SH   Southern Hemisphere 
SIRD  SCIAMACHY Instrument Requirements Document 
SLS  Spectral Line Source 
SME  Solar Mesospheric Explorer 
SMR  Sun Mean Reference 
SO&C  Sun Occultation & Calibration 
SODAP  Switch-on and Data Acquisition Phase 
SOLSTICE  Solar Stellar Irradiance Comparison Experiment 
SOST  SCIAMACHY Operations Support Team 
SPCA  SCIAMACHY PMD Cloud Algorithm 
SPE  Solar Proton Event 
SPICI  SCIAMACHY PMD Identification of Clouds and Ice/snow 
SPIRALE  Spectroscopie Infra-Rouge par Absorption de Laser Embarqu¿ 
SRC  SCIAMACHY Radiant Cooler 
SRON  SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research 
SSAG  SCIAMACHY Science Advisory Group 
SSC  Swedish Space Corporation 
STM  Structural Model 
SME  Solar Mesospheric Explorer 
SNSB  Swedish National Space Board 
SUSIM  Solar Ultraviolet Spectral Irradiance Monitor 
SWIR  Short-Wave Infrared 
SYNEAR  Synergetic Aerosol Retrieval 
SZA  Solar Zenith Angle 
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TB  Thermal Balance 
TC  Thermal Control 
TCFoV  Total Clear Field of View 
TEMIS  Tropospheric Emission Monitoring Internet Service 
TES  Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer 
TIMED  Thermosphere Mesosphere Ionosphere Energetics Dynamics  
TOA  Top of Atmosphere 
TOMS  Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer 
TOSOMI  Total Ozone retrieval algorithm for SCIAMACHY 
TNO-TPD  Technisch-Naturwetenschappelijk Onderzoek - Technisch Physische Dienst 
TRIPLE  Multi-instrument balloon payload 
TRUE  Tangent Height Retrieval by UV-B 
TV  Thermal Vacuum 
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UARS  Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite 
UK  United Kingdom 
US  United States 
UTC  Coordinated Universal Time 
UV  Ultraviolet 
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VA  Value added 
VIS  Visible 
VOC  Volatile Organic Compound 
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WFM-DOAS  Weighting Function Modified DOAS 
WGS84  World Geodetic System 1984 
WLS  White Light Source 
WMO  World Meteorological Organization 
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