Minimize Sentinel 5P

Image Credits - Airbus Defence and Space

The Sentinel-5 Precursor mission is intended to provide data continuity for the SCIAMACHY instrument aboard the Envisat satellite and NASA's OMI instrument aboard the Aura satellite in the interim between the end of the Envisat and Aura missions and the launch of Sentinel-5. With no other missions capable of obtaining the data acquired by SCIAMACHY and OMI, Sentinel-5P fills what would be a five-year gap until the launch of Sentinel-5.

The mission will perform atmospheric monitoring at high temporal and spectral resolution, and increased cloud-free observation.

It is a joint initiative between ESA and the Kingdom of the Netherlands providing the TROPOMI UV-VIS-NIR-SWIR instrument.

TROPOMI is an advanced spectrometer that will be provided in a co-operative effort funded by the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs and with instrument development lead by Dutch Space.

Mission Details:

Planned Launch Date: 2016

Operational lifespan: 7 years

Mission Objectives:

The Sentinel-5 Precursor objectives are to provide operational space-borne observations in support to the operational monitoring of:

  • Air Quality
  • Ozone and Surface UV
  • Climate

It will provide measurements of:

  • Ozone
  • NO_2
  • SO_2
  • Formaldehyde
  • Aerosol
  • Carbonmonoxide
  • Methane
  • Clouds

Mission Orbit:

Orbit Type: Sun-synchronous, polar
Orbit Height: 824 km
Inclination: 98.74°
Repeat Cycle: 17 days Mean LST: 13:30 at Ascending Node
Sentinel-5 Precursor is foreseen to operate in loose formation with Suomi-NPP



The TROPOMI instrument is a UV-VIS-NIR-SWIR push-broom grating spectrometer.

  • Spectral range: 270-495 nm, 710-775 nm, 2305-2385 nm
  • Spectral resolution: 0.25-0.55 nm
  • Observation mode: nadir pointing, global daily coverage, 7x7 km^2 ground
  • Payload Mass: 200kg

The spacecraft launch mass is ~900 kg

Launch vehicle:


Prime Contractor: Airbus Defence & Space
TROPOMI contract: Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs