Minimize What is Sentinel-2?
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The Sentinel-2 mission is a land monitoring constellation of two satellites that will provide high resolution optical imagery and provide continuity for the current SPOT and Landsat missions.

The mission will provide a global coverage of the Earth's land surface every 10 days with one satellite and 5 days with 2 satellites, making the data of great use in on-going studies.

The satellites will be equipped with the state-of-the-art MSI (Multispectral Imager) instrument, that offers high-resolution optical imagery.

Minimize Mission News
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Shaping next-generation scientists

29 September 2015

With the new Earth observation satellites carrying a range of technologies such as radar and multispectral imaging instruments for land, ocean and atmospheric monitoring, data are available for the next 20-30 years. However, this means little unless there are capable people handling them.

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Results from ESA's 4th Space App Camp

22 September 2015

Using satellites to predict plant and crop diseases is just one of the fresh ideas produced over a week-long camp dedicated to creating mobile apps using Earth observation data.

Minimize Mission Details

Launch date:

Sentinel-2A - 23 June 2015
Sentinel-2B - Planned for mid-2016

Operational lifespan: 7.25 years (with consumables for 12)

Mission Objectives:

  • Land observation, including: Vegetation, soil and water cover, inland waterways and coastal areas
  • Land use and change detection maps
  • Providing support in generating land cover
  • Disaster relief support
  • Climate change monitoring

Mission orbit:

Orbit Height: 786 km
Orbit Type: Sun-synchronous
Inclination: 98.5o
Repeat cycle: 10 days with one satellite and 5 days with 2 satellites

MSI (Multispectral Imager)

Resolution and Swath Width: 290 km - 10 m, 20 m and 60 m spatial resolution

The spacecraft is equipped with a deployable solar array and the dimensions of the craft are: 3.4 m x 1.8 m x 2.35 m with a weight (at time of launch) of 1100 kg.

Launch vehicle:

Vega rocket (Sentinel-2A)
Rockot vehicle (Sentinel-2B)

Ad interim operator: ESA

Data processing:

  • Level 1 - A - Radiometric corrections
  • Level 1 - B - Geometric corrections
  • Level 2 - A - Cloud screening
  • Level 2 - B - Atmospheric corrections
  • Level 2 - C - Geophysical variables retrieval algorithms
  • Level 3 - Simulation of cloud corrections


Astrium Germany has been prime contracted to construct the Sentinel-2 satellite and leads a consortium with core partners:

  • Astrium France is providing the MSI payload
  • Boostec is providing the three-mirror Silicon carbide telescope and the instrument baseplate
  • Jena-Optronik is responsible for the 2 Video Compression Units (VCU)
  • Sener is supplying the instrument Calibration and Shutter Mechanism (CSM).