ICEYE-X1 is ICEYE's first proof-of-concept microsatellite mission with a SAR sensor as its payload. It was launched on 12 January 2018, on ISRO's PSLV-C40 rocket from Satish Dhawan Space Center in India. ICEYE-X1 is also the world's first SAR satellite in this size (under 100kg), enabling radar imaging of the Earth through clouds and even in total darkness. The satellite is also the very first Finnish commercial satellite.
The aim of the ICEYE-X1 mission is to validate in-orbit performance of the satellite and begin pilot operations with first users. Representative use-cases for the data include monitoring sea ice movements or marine oil spills, and prevention of illegal fishing.
ICEYE is launching up to nine more SAR satellites by the end of 2019 to form the world's largest SAR satellite constellation. ICEYE-X2, which is foreseen launching in October 2018, will increase the resolution up to 3 metres. The company plans to increase the number of satellites in the constellation in the following years to increase revisit rates to three hours on average.
With ICEYE-X1, the first instrument resolution was verified to reach under 10 metres, which will be improved in future ICEYE satellite missions. The initial satellite features one solar array and S-band communications. The design, development and integration was performed by ICEYE.
ESA and ICEYE are pleased to announce the opportunity to freely access, up to the end of the year, ICEYE imagery over several demonstration sites, to assess image quality and suitability for several applications: monitoring urban, agricultural and forest environments, and vessel tracking (ship detection).
Mission Facts and Figures
ICEYE-X1 is a microsatellite with a launch mass of 70 kg, its bus structure is 70x60x50 and the SAR instrument length is 3.25 metres after deployment.
ICEYE-X1 Sensor Specification
ICEYE imagery products are primarily available as Level-1 SLC and GRD products, along with Level-2 products produced from them.