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Monocle, water quality over inland and transitional waters

The recently started Multiscale Observation Networks for Optical monitoring of Coastal waters, Lakes and Estuaries (MONOCLE) project aims at an improved characterisation of water-leaving reflectance and water quality over inland and transitional waters, such as river deltas and estuaries, at multiple spatial scales.

The combination of satellite and drone imagery with additional in-situ observations will enable improved Total Suspended Matter (TSM) and chlorophyll-a retrievals at maximised spatio-temporal resolution. These improved retrievals will be beneficial to various end-user groups, such as the water modelling community.

An example of river sediment transport is given in this Proba-V 100 m image of 01 April 2017, which shows the Danube river flowing into the Black Sea in north-east Romania, one of MONOCLE's study areas. The light-blue whirls just off-shore indicate substantial amounts of sediments from the Danube outflow.

The green-brown area is the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve, a 6,300 km2 area with numerous lakes, ponds, small islands, and wetlands. The area gives home to more than 300 bird and about 90 fish species.

Danube delta, Romania

© ESA-BELSPO 2017, produced by VITO
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Discover more about our planet with the Earth from Space video programme. Join ESA every Friday at 10:00 CEST for an 800 km-high tour with spectacular images from Earth-observing satellites.

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The Earth Watching project is an ESA/ESRIN service to help local authorities and to promote the benefits of remote sensing data during emergencies, sending images and articles to newspapers, magazines and TV stations.

The Earth Watching website features not only imagery of natural disasters, but also promotes various satellite remote sensing applications through images and articles. Some examples are shown in the special events part of the website.

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