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Various satellite instruments focus on different aspects of the Earth system.

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What has half a century of Earth Observation taught us? The single biggest revolution is that our planet is always in flux. Like traditional paper maps, an individual satellite acquisition is rapidly outdated. But repeat acquisitions add a time dimension, capturing the dynamic complexity of the Earth system - differences between a wide array of satellite sensors, improving the understanding of how the Earth system works and the impact of human activities.

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Can Gio mangrove forest, Vietnam

25 July 2017


To mark the International Day for the Conservation of the Mangrove Ecosystem on 26 July, this Proba-V image features the Can Gio mangrove forest in Vietnam. Visible in dark red in the centre of the image, this forest is located close to Ho Chi Min city - part of which can be seen northwest of the forest.

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Roughly 37% of Earth’s land is today employed for agricultural purposes, with about 11% used for growing crops and the reminder for pasture.

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Looking down on Earth from space is a surprisingly accurate way of detecting ground motion and subterranean features.

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Earth’s land is the most varied terrain in the Solar System. Satellites classify land cover on an objective global basis, tracking changes as they occur.

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The snow-and-ice 'cryosphere' is an important regulator of global climate - but one that is unequally sensitive to the effects of global warming.

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Space-based sensors detect otherwise invisible changes to the chemical composition of the atmosphere.

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All life on land depends on surface freshwater, placed there by the water cycle - a phenomenon vulnerable to climate change.

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Minimize Ocean and Coasts
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Oceans cover 71% of Earth's surface. They determine our climate and represent an economic mainstay: 60% of people live less than 60 km from the sea.

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Major catastrophes are currently occurring once a fortnight on average. Damage mapping by satellite helps guide emergency response efforts.

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