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The monitoring of the movement and deformation of the Earth's crust with the aim of understanding its evolution and of predicting major seismic events. Interferometry is an important technique in this application.

Minimize Tectonics & Seismic Activity
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Earth's gravity scarred by earthquake

03 December 2013

ESA's GOCE satellite has revealed that the devastating Japanese earthquake of 2011 left its mark in Earth's gravity - yet another example of this extraordinary mission surpassing its original scope.

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Gravity lowdown

10 September 2013

With a catalogue of triumphs that range from delivering novel information about winds at the edge of the atmosphere to mapping the structure of Earth's crust 200 km below our feet, ESA's GOCE satellite is in the limelight at this week's Living Planet Symposium.

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Africa's ups and downs

08 August 2013

The East African Rift is an area where two tectonic plates are moving apart, making it a region of high geological activity, home to a number of volcanoes.

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Greece's ups and downs

15 April 2013

A new data processor is creating maps of land deformation from satellite radar data over larger areas and with higher precision than ever before. These maps can be used to detect and monitor geological hazards.

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GOCE's second mission improving gravity map

16 November 2012

ESA's GOCE gravity satellite has already delivered the most accurate gravity map of Earth, but its orbit is now being lowered in order to obtain even better results.

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Santorini sees growth spurt

10 September 2012

In the south Aegean Sea, the islands of Santorini have been showing signs of unrest for the first time in over half a century. Satellite data confirm that the islands have risen as much as 14 cm since January 2011.

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Mapping the Moho with GOCE

09 March 2012

The first global high-resolution map of the boundary between Earth's crust and mantle - the Moho - has been produced based on data from ESA's GOCE gravity satellite. Understanding the Moho will offer new clues into the dynamics of Earth's interior.

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Earth from Space - 'Canaries' new hot spot'

06 December 2011

Earth from Space is presented by Kelsea Brennan-Wessels from the ESA Web-TV virtual studios. In this edition, we look at a new, underwater volcano off the coast of the Canary island, El Hierro.

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Earth movements from Japan earthquake seen from space

30 March 2011

Satellite images have been essential for helping relief efforts in Japan following the massive quake that struck on 11 March 2011...

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Mapping Japan’s changed landscape from space

16 March 2011

Following the massive earthquake and tsunami that hit Japan on 11 March, satellite imagery has been...