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The production of many operational sea surface temperature products emphasise its input to meteorological forecasting models. In addition it is a key element in the understanding of major events such as La Ninã.

Minimize Sea Surface Temperature
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Science meets Sentinel-3

06 December 2013

With the first of the Sentinel satellites being readied for launch next spring, scientists are looking ahead to the third mission in the series to ensure the highest quality data possible.

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SMOS sees triple superstorms

22 October 2013

ESA's versatile water mission tracked Asia's recent storms over land and sea.

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Taking two bites at ocean salinity

22 April 2013

The saltiness of the oceans is being closely monitored from space by both ESA's SMOS and NASA's Aquarius missions, but in slightly different ways. By joining forces, researchers are exploiting these complementary missions to benefit climate science even further.

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SMOS - The global success story continues

22 February 2013

ESA’s water mission is shedding new light on the meandering Gulf Stream, just one of the SMOS satellite’s numerous achievements.

Launched in 2009, ESA’s Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity satellite has been helping us to understand the water cycle.

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GOCE settles debate on sloping sea

15 February 2013

For decades, scientists have disagreed about whether the sea is higher or lower heading north along the east coast of North America. Thanks to precision gravity data from ESA's GOCE satellite, this controversial issue has now been settled. The answer? It's lower.

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Earth at your fingertips

12 December 2012

The wonders and glory of our planet are just a few clicks away. Download ESA's first iBook and start discovering Earth from a new perspective.

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Super storm tracked by ESA water mission

09 November 2012

When millions of people are bracing themselves for the onslaught of extreme weather, as much information as possible is needed to predict the strength of the impending storm. ESA's SMOS mission again showed its versatility by capturing unique measurements of Hurricane Sandy.

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SMOS has a better look at salinity

01 October 2012

Earth observation measurements shouldn't be taken with a pinch of salt. ESA is comparing readings of sea-surface salinity from drifting floats to confirm the SMOS water mission's measurements.

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Flying thermometers

11 July 2012

Some satellites carry instruments that provide measurements of the surface temperature of oceans and seas - like a thermometer in the sky. Scientists met recently to review data from new satellite missions and scientific progress in the field.

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SMOS water mission turns hurricane hunter

10 February 2012

ESA's Earth Explorers have again shown how they are surpassing expectations. Designed to map soil moisture and ocean salinity, the versatile SMOS satellite has demonstrated that it can also offer unique information to improve hurricane forecasts.