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The production of many operational sea surface temperature products emphasise its input to meteorological forecasting models. In addition it is a key element in the understanding of major events such as La Ninã.

Minimize Sea Surface Temperature
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Pine Island retreat on the radar

27 March 2014

Twenty years of radar coverage from ESA satellites have been used to measure the rapid thinning of Antarctica's Pine Island Glacier - and it's losing more ice than previously thought.

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Balancing the sea-level budget

26 March 2014

Water from melting glaciers and ice sheets, along with thermal expansion of ocean water due to rising temperatures, are causing global sea-level rise. Scientists are exploiting satellite data to understand better just how much each component contributes to this devastating consequence of climate change.

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Is global warming hiding underwater?

07 February 2014

Satellite observations of global sea-surface temperature show that a 30-year upward trend has slowed down within the last 15 years. Climate scientists say this is not the end of global warming, but the result of a rearrangement in the energy flow of the climate system and, in particular, how the ocean stores heat.

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Science meets Sentinel-3

06 December 2013

With the first of the Sentinel satellites being readied for launch next spring, scientists are looking ahead to the third mission in the series to ensure the highest quality data possible.

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SMOS sees triple superstorms

22 October 2013

ESA's versatile water mission tracked Asia's recent storms over land and sea.

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Taking two bites at ocean salinity

22 April 2013

The saltiness of the oceans is being closely monitored from space by both ESA's SMOS and NASA's Aquarius missions, but in slightly different ways. By joining forces, researchers are exploiting these complementary missions to benefit climate science even further.

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SMOS - The global success story continues

22 February 2013

ESA’s water mission is shedding new light on the meandering Gulf Stream, just one of the SMOS satellite’s numerous achievements.

Launched in 2009, ESA’s Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity satellite has been helping us to understand the water cycle.

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GOCE settles debate on sloping sea

15 February 2013

For decades, scientists have disagreed about whether the sea is higher or lower heading north along the east coast of North America. Thanks to precision gravity data from ESA's GOCE satellite, this controversial issue has now been settled. The answer? It's lower.

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Earth at your fingertips

12 December 2012

The wonders and glory of our planet are just a few clicks away. Download ESA's first iBook and start discovering Earth from a new perspective.

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Super storm tracked by ESA water mission

09 November 2012

When millions of people are bracing themselves for the onslaught of extreme weather, as much information as possible is needed to predict the strength of the impending storm. ESA's SMOS mission again showed its versatility by capturing unique measurements of Hurricane Sandy.