Minimize Overview
In addition to the known desert regions of the world there are an increasing number of areas in which the risk of desertification is growing. In these areas prediction techniques are of crucial importance to planning and aid authorities.

Minimize Drought
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Over 30 years of global soil moisture observations for climate applications

19 June 2012

Water held in soil plays an important role in the climate system. The dataset released by ESA is the first remote-sensing soil moisture data record spanning the period 1978 to 2010 - a predecessor of the data now being provided by ESA's SMOS mission.

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Europe's dry soils seen from space

30 May 2012

The trend of below-average rainfall across Europe has continued into the first months of 2012. ESA's SMOS water mission has revealed the negative consequences of this recent bout of ‘good’ weather.

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Satellites respond to humanitarian needs

06 December 2011

A review of crisis response using Earth observation techniques is now available online. The Respond Atlas outlines global events where remote sensing assisted in preparing for and responding to disasters and humanitarian crises...

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Horn of Africa drought seen from space

22 July 2011

Drought in Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia and Djibouti is pushing tens of thousands of people from their homes as millions face food insecurity in a crisis visible from space...

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Satellite data instrumental in combating desertification

09 October 2009

ESA has been working closely with the UNCCD secretariat for nearly 10 years, developing and demonstrating innovative information services based on satellite Earth observation (EO) technologies that allow land degradation processes to be monitored over time.

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World Day to Combat Desertification focuses on human security

17 June 2009

Human security is under threat from desertification, land degradation and drought. Combating this threat requires an integrated international response.

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DRAGON - Drought Monitoring and Drought Prediction over China, Results published

21 April 2008

The conflict between supply and demand of water resources constitutes the biggest problem for food security of a huge population in China. The distribution of water resources in China is strongly heterogeneous both in time and space...

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EOPI - Soil moisture content monitoring on degraded lands in arid zones of Chile, 2006

07 December 2006

This project will be part of a PhD-research related to land degradation in arid and semi-arid zones of Chile. SAR images of selected test sites...

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TIGER – Characterisation of West African Savannah Vegetation and their response to Short ...

07 December 2006

This study will contribute to a modelling approach that overcomes...

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DRAGON - Drought Monitoring and Drought Prediction over China, Results published 2006

07 December 2006

The drought conditions addressed in this study are defined as land surface conditions, under which the soil moisture storage limits the...