The world's wetlands form a unique environment for natural species, but due to their fragility they are evermore under pressure. The study of the environment and the change elements which affect them are the core of this application area.
Monitoring water resources in the Mediterranean
19 December 2012
The effects of climate change, population growth and economic development in the Mediterranean are posing a threat to the water supply in the region. As part of ESA's TIGER initiative, satellite data are supporting water management by identifying water resources.
The demand for water is growing around the Mediterranean and is especially crucial in areas that do not receive regular rainfall. This is especially true for the southernmost parts of Europe and the countries lying along the African coast and in the eastern Mediterranean Basin.
Owing to the increasing population, the demand for water is growing for drinking and irrigation, representing 70-80% of the water use in the region. To get a better grip on water management, satellites are increasingly acknowledged as indispensable tools for collecting information on available water resources and their use.
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