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The measurement of sea-surface wind vectors are operationally input to meteorological models and to shipping routing forecasts. In addition there is a growth in the request to support renewable energy projects such as wind farms.

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Livas brings aerosols and clouds under one roof

17 April 2014

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In Greek mythology, Aeolus was 'keeper of the winds' and ruled over a number of gods, each responsible for a particular wind - one of which was Livas who blew from the southwest. Today, Livas is giving a helping hand to ESA's ADM-Aeolus and EarthCARE satellite missions.

Reflecting ancient mythology, scientists in southeast Europe have used the name Livas to describe their effort in providing aerosol and cloud data as a reference for these upcoming missions.

Carrying an innovative Doppler wind lidar, ADM-Aeolus will provide timely and accurate profiles of the world's winds along with information on aerosols and clouds. This new information will not only advance our understanding of atmospheric dynamics, but also provide much-needed information to improve weather forecasts.

EarthCARE carries an instrument package, which includes a high-spectral resolution atmospheric lidar, to acquire vertical profiles of clouds and aerosols as well as radiances at the top of the atmosphere to improve our understanding of Earth's radiative balance.

Livas, which, in this case stands for 'lidar climatology of vertical aerosol structures', is a collaborative effort between the National Observatory of Athens (NOA) in Greece and two world leaders in lidar research: the Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research in Germany and the Institute of Methodologies for Environmental Analysis in Italy. All are members of the European Aerosol Research Lidar Network, Earlinet.

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