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The measurement of sea-surface wind vectors are operationally input to meteorological models and to shipping routing forecasts. In addition there is a growth in the request to support renewable energy projects such as wind farms.

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Sentinel-1 sees through hurricanes

25 October 2017

This year's Atlantic hurricane season has been a harsh reminder of the grief and devastation brought by these vast storms. Imaging the top of hurricanes from space is nothing new, but the Sentinel-1 satellites can see right through these towering spinning weather systems, measuring the sea surface below to help predict the storm's path.

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Special delivery from CryoSat

11 June 2014

New data products from ESA's ice mission open new doors for scientists studying oceans.

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Livas brings aerosols and clouds under one roof

17 April 2014

In Greek mythology, Aeolus was 'keeper of the winds' and ruled over a number of gods, each responsible for a particular wind - one of which was Livas who blew from the southwest. Today, Livas is giving a helping hand to ESA's ADM-Aeolus and EarthCARE satellite missions.

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Orbiting on the edge yields insight into space weather

23 October 2013

ESA's GOCE gravity satellite may be in its final weeks in orbit around Earth, but some of the most exciting scientific analysis of the mission's data is only just starting.

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90 million laser shots bring wind satellite back on track

16 April 2013

Developing new ways of monitoring Earth is always demanding, but ESA's Aeolus mission has faced some particularly difficult technical challenges. However, with the success of intense high-energy tests on its novel laser there is now light at the end of the tunnel for this unique mission.

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Satellites and piracy on the high seas

15 June 2012

Piracy may be a topic of schoolboy adventure stories, but it’s still a dangerous and costly problem for merchant shipping and tourism in some parts of the world. In the pirate-ridden waters of the Indian Ocean, satellites show that environmental conditions have limited recent pirate activity.

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Europe's next weather satellite gears up for launch

20 March 2012

Following the safe arrival of the MetOp-B weather satellite in Kazakhstan, the sophisticated craft is now being carefully assembled and tested before launch on 23 May. MetOp-B will provide essential data for weather forecasting and climate monitoring.

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MSG-3 satellite ready to continue weather-monitoring service

07 March 2012

International partners are looking ahead to the newest member in a series of weather satellites that deliver images to European forecasters: MSG-3 is set for launch this summer.

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SMOS water mission turns hurricane hunter

10 February 2012

ESA's Earth Explorers have again shown how they are surpassing expectations. Designed to map soil moisture and ocean salinity, the versatile SMOS satellite has demonstrated that it can also offer unique information to improve hurricane forecasts.

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Satellites detect abundance of fresh water in the Arctic

23 January 2012

ESA satellites show that a large dome of fresh water has been building up in the Arctic Ocean over the last 15 years. A change in wind direction could cause the water to spill into the north Atlantic, cooling Europe.