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The modelling of radiation processes are essential to our understanding of the energy cycles between the land surface and the atmosphere. In addition to which they provide an important input to the planning of solar energy programmes.

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African water and equatorial space weather focus of inaugural Alcantara workshop

28 February 2014

Researchers from three continents gathered at ESA's technical heart in the Netherlands for the inaugural Alcantara initiative workshop - fostering cooperation between research groups in Europe and those beyond, to jointly tackle key knowledge gaps in space research.

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El NiƱo's impact on continental evaporation

22 January 2014

As global temperatures gradually increase, more water is expected to evaporate into the atmosphere. But using satellite data, scientists have discovered that El Niño-induced droughts have caused global declines in evapotranspiration despite rising temperatures.

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Taking Earth's temperature

13 January 2014

Like thermometers in the sky, satellite instruments can measure the temperatures of Earth's surfaces. ESA's new GlobTemperature project is merging these data from a variety of spaceborne sensors to provide scientists with a one-stop shop for land, lake and ice temperature data.

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SMOS water mission turns hurricane hunter

10 February 2012

ESA's Earth Explorers have again shown how they are surpassing expectations. Designed to map soil moisture and ocean salinity, the versatile SMOS satellite has demonstrated that it can also offer unique information to improve hurricane forecasts.

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SMOS detects freezing soil as winter takes grip

15 December 2011

ESA's SMOS satellite is designed to observe soil moisture and ocean salinity, but this innovative mission is showing that it can also offer new insight into Earth's carbon and methane cycles by mapping soil as it freezes and thaws...

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ESA's space weather station Proba-2 tracks stormy Sun

06 December 2011

Researchers gathered for European Space Weather Week have been presented with the latest results from ESA's own space weather station: the Proba-2 microsatellite...

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Proba-1 charting Earth's radiation belts for a decade

07 November 2011

ESA's Proba-1 recently celebrated its tenth birthday in orbit. Kept busy as an Earth-observing mission, the microsatellite has also been building a detailed...

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Satellites predict city hot spots

29 September 2011

Satellites are helping to forecast the location of urban areas most affected during heat waves, helping planners to...

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The OceanoScientific® Programme

15 July 2010

Scientists around the world model the evolution of the climate in order to precisely determine the causes and consequences of this warming. But those models sometimes need more support, as there is a real lack of scientific data efficiently validated. Nevertheless, satellite observation is very useful as it allows Scientists to monitor all the oceans nearly continuously.

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Thermopolis 2009

27 August 2009

The campaign, called Thermopolis 2009 from the classical Greek terms for hot (thermo) and city (polis), was led and coordinated by Prof. Spyridon Rapsomanikis from the Democritus University of Thrace. It was carried out as part of the Urban Heat Islands and Urban Thermography project within the framework ESA's Data User Element.