SMOS brings Mediterranean salinity into focus
11 May 2017
ESA's SMOS mission maps variations in soil moisture and salt in the surface waters of the open oceans. When the satellite was designed, it was not envisaged that it would be able to measure salinity in smaller seas like the Mediterranean, but SMOS has again surpassed expectations.
The satellite carries a microwave instrument to capture images of ‘brightness temperature', which correspond to microwave radiation emitted from Earth's surface and can be related to soil moisture and ocean salinity.While this information is fulfilling the mission's core objective of improving our understanding of Earth's water cycle, SMOS has found a multitude of other uses such as tracking hurricanes, measuring thin ice floating in the polar oceans and improving crop-yield forecasts.
Top story on Copernicus
10 January 2018
ESA is addressing the challenge of cultivating and regenerating forests with Thematic Exploitation Platforms.
The aim is to unlock satellite data and make the information available to the non-expert along with the tools and resources they need – and critically make all this accessible from one place.
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