ESA Earth Home Missions Data Products Resources Applications
EO Data Access
How to Apply
How to Access
AATSR Data Formats Products
SST record 50 km cell MDS
BT/TOA Sea record 17 km cell MDS
Vegetation fraction for Land Surface Temperature Retrieval GADS
Topographic Variance data for Land Surface Temperature Retrieval GADS
Land Surface Temperature retrieval coefficients GADS
General Parameters for Land Surface Temperature Retrieval GADS
Climatology Variance Data for Land Surface Temperature Retrieval GADS
Level 0 SPH
Level 0 MDSR
Auxilliary Data SPH with N = 1
1.6 micron nadir view MDS
Summary Quality ADS
Scan pixel x and y ADS
Grid pixel latitude and longtitude topographic corrections ADS
Across-track Band Mapping Look-up Table
Configuration Data GADS
Processor configuration GADS
LST record 50 km cell MDS
Distributed product MDS
Level 2 SPH
10-arcminute mds
Limits GADS
Validation Parameters GADS
BT/TOA Land record 17 km cell MDS
General Parameters GADS
Temperature to Radiance LUT GADS
Radiance to Brightness Temperature LUT GADS
Medium/High Level Test LUT GADS
Infrared Histogram Test LUT GADS
11 Micron Spatial Coherence Test LUT GADS
11/3.7 Micron Nadir/Forward Test LUT GADS
11/12 Micron Nadir/Forward Test LUT GADS
Characterisation GADS
Browse Day_Time Colour LUT GADS
Browse SPH
Grid pixel latitude and longtitude topographic correction ADS
Level 2 SPH
Auxilliary Products
ATS_VC1_AX: Visible Calibration data
ATS_SST_AX: SST Retrieval Coeficients data
ATS_PC1_AX: Level-1B Processing configuration data
ATS_INS_AX: AATSR Instrument data
ATS_GC1_AX: General Calibration data
ATS_CH1_AX: Level-1B Characterization data
ATS_BRW_AX: Browse Product LUT data
Level 0 Products
ATS_NL__0P: AATSR Level 0 product
Browse Products
ATS_AST_BP: AATSR browse image
Level 1 Products
ATS_TOA_1P: AATSR Gridded brightness temperature and reflectance
Level 2 Products
ATS_NR__2P: AATSR geophysical product (full resolution)
ATS_MET_2P: AATSR Spatially Averaged Sea Surface Temperature for Meteo Users
ATS_AR__2P: AATSR averaged geophysical product
Frequently Asked Questions
The AATSR Instrument
Instrument Characteristics and Performance
In-flight performance verification
Instrument Description
Internal Data Flow
Instrument Functionality
AATSR Products and Algorithms
Common Auxiliary data sets
Auxiliary Data Sets for Level 2 processing
Instrument Specific Topics
Level 2 Products
Level 1B Products and Algorithms
Level 1B Products
Instrument Pixel Geolocation
The Level 0 Product
Differences Between ATSR-2 and AATSR Source Packets
Definitions and Conventions
Organisation of Products
Relationship Between AATSR and ATSR Products
AATSR Product Organisation
Data Handling Cookbook
Characterisation and Calibration
Monitoring of AATSR VISCAL Parameters
Latency, Throughput and Data Volume
Data Processing Software
Data Processing Centres
The AATSR Products User Guide
Image Gallery
Breakup of the Ross Ice Shelf
Land cover in the Middle East
Typhoon Saomai
Mutsu Bay, Japan
Deforestation in Brazil
Spatially Averaged Global SST, September 1993
Further Reading
How to use AATSR data
Why Choose AATSR Data?
Why Choose AATSR Data?
Special Features of AATSR
Principles of Measurement
Scientific Background
The AATSR Handbook
SST record 17 km cell MDS
Surface Vegetation class for Land Surface Temperature Retrieval GADS
1.6 micron forward view MDS
12 micron nadir view MDS
12 micron forward view MDS
Summary Quality ADS
Surveillance Limits GADS
Master Unpacking Definition Table GADS
1.6 micron Non-Linearity Correction LUT GADS
General Parameters GADS
Thin Cirrus Test LUT GADS
Fog/low Stratus Test LUT GADS
1.6 Micron Histogram
Browse MDS
ATS_CL1_AX: Cloud LUT data
Pre-flight characteristics and expected performance
Payload description, position on the platform
Auxiliary products
Auxiliary Data Sets for Level 1B processing
Summary of auxiliary data sets
Calculate Solar Angles
Image Pixel Geolocation
Level 0 Products
Acquisition and On-Board Data Processing
Product Evolution History
Hints and Algorithms for Higher Level Processing
Data Volume
Software tools
Summary of Applications vs Products
Geophysical Coverage
Geophysical Measurements
Visible calibration coefficients GADS
Level 1B SPH
LST record 17 km cell MDS
Conversion Parameters GADS
12 Micron Gross Cloud Test LUT GADS
ATS_PC2_AX: Level-2 Processor Configuration data
Level 2 Products
Hints and Algorithms for Data Use
BT/TOA Sea record 50 km cell MDS
BT/TOA Land record 50 km cell MDS
Level 2 Algorithms
Signal Calibration
Site Map
Frequently asked questions
Terms of use
Contact us


1.3 Further Reading

Further information on the AATSR instrument can be found on the AATSR web page at, and on the ATSR-1 and ATSR-2 instruments at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory web page at

Listed below are the documents referenced elsewhere in the handbook. For access to these documents please contact

Ref 1.1
AATSR Commissioning Plan, PO-PL-RAL-AT-0501, Issue 1.3, 22 February 2001

Ref 1.2
AATSR Field of View Test Report, PO-TR-RAL-AT-0022, Issue 1, 26 March 1999

Ref 1.3
AATSR Flight Operation and Data Plan, PO-PL-ESA-AT-0152, Issue 2 Revision 5, 22 November 2001

Ref 1.4
AATSR Instrument Measurement Data Definition, PO-TN-MMB-AT-0038, Issue 1, December 1995

Ref 1.5
AATSR Infra-Red Radiometric Calibration Report, PO-TR-RAL-AT-0024, Issue 1, 26 May 1999

Ref 1.6
ENVISAT Mission Conventions Document, PO-IS-ESA-GS-0561

Ref 1.7
ENVISAT Product Format Guidelines, PO-TN-ESA-GS-0242

Ref 1.8
ENVISAT Product Specifications, PO-RS-MDA-GS-2009

Ref 1.9
AATSR Verification Plan, PO-PL-RAL-AT-0502, Issue 1.1, 12 September 2001

Ref 1.10
AATSR Visible Calibration Report, PO-TR-RAL-AT-0023, Issue 2, 8 July 1999

F. Martin Crespo, J.-P. Guignard, C. Garrido and M. Irie,
Ref 1.11
The Payload Data Segment, ESA Bulletin Number 106, June 2001

Ref 1.12
G. Mason, ATSR Test and Calibration Report, ER-RP-OXF-AT-0001, September 1991

Ref 1.13
J-M Melinotte, and O. Arino, The IONIA 1-km Net-Browser Experience - Quicklook Processing and Access Statistics, Earth Observation Quarterly, 50, 6-10, 1995

Ref 1.14
C.J. Merchant, A.R. Harris, M.J. Murray and A.M. Zavody. Towards the elimination of bias in satellite retrievals of sea-surface temperature. 1. Theory, modelling and interalgorithm comparison. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104 (C10), 23, 565 - 578, 1999.

Ref 1.15
R. W. Saunders, An automated scheme for the removal of cloud contamination from AVHRR radiances over Western Europe. Int. J. Remote Sensing, 7, 867 - 886, 1986

Ref 1.16
R. W. Saunders and R. T. Kriebel, An improved method for detecting clear sky and cloudy radiances from AVHRR data, Int. J. Remote Sensing, 9, 123 - 150, 1988

Ref 1.17
P.D. Watts, M.R. Allen, and T.J. Nightingale. Wind-speed effects on sea-surface emission and reflection for the Along-Track Scanning Radiometer. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 13, No. 1, 126 - 141. 1996.

Ref 1.18
A.M. Zavody, C.T.Mutlow and D.T. Llewellyn-Jones. A radiative transfer model for sea-surface temperature retrieval for the Along-Track Scanning Radiometer. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100 (C1), 937 - 952, 1995.

Ref 1.19
A.M. Zavody, C.T.Mutlow and D.T. Llewellyn-Jones. Cloud Clearing over the Ocean in the Processing of Data from the Along-Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR). Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 17, 595 - 615, 2000.

Ref 1.20
Routine Viscal Production, PO-TN-RAL-GS-0503

Ref 1.21
Prata, A.J. Land Surface Temperatures derived from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and the Along-Track Scanning Radiometer 2. Experimental results and validation of AVHRR algorithms. J. Geophys. Res. 99(D6), 13,025-13,058, 1994.

Ref 1.22
Land Surface Temperature Measurement from Space: AATSR Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document, Dr Fred Prata (CSIRO) 14 January 2002.

Ref 1.23
A.J. Prata, "Land surface temperatures derived from the AVHRR and the ATSR, 1, Theory," J. Geophys. Res., 98(D9), 16,689-16,702. 1993.