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THEMATIC AREA
  • Agriculture
    • Agricultural Chemicals
    • Aquaculture
    • Crops and Yields
    • Diseases and Pests
    • Fisheries
    • Forestry
      • Afforestation/Reforestation
      • Forest Conservation/Protection
      • Forest Fires
      • Forest Management
      • Forest Mensuration/Inventory
    • Invasive Species
    • Plant Phenology
    • Reclamation, Revegetation and Restoration
    • Soils
      • Carbon
      • Organic Matter
      • Permafrost
      • Soil Classification
      • Soil Erosion
      • Soil Moisture
      • Soil Texture
  • Atmosphere
    • Aerosols
    • Air Quality
    • Altitude
    • Atmospheric Chemistry
    • Atmospheric Electricity
    • Atmospheric Pressure
    • Atmospheric Radiation
    • Atmospheric Temperature
    • Atmospheric Water Vapour
    • Atmospheric Winds
    • Clouds
    • Precipitation
    • Weather Events
  • Biosphere
    • Ecological Dynamics
    • Ecosystems
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  • Climate
    • Atmospheric Indicators
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    • Land Surface and Agriculture Indicators
    • Ocean Indicators
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    • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Indicators
  • Cryosphere
  • Human Dimensions
    • Cultural Heritage
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  • Land Surface
    • Erosion and Sedimentation
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    • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
    • Land Use and Land Cover
    • Landscape
    • Mapping and Cartography
    • Soils
      • Carbon
      • Organic Matter
      • Permafrost
      • Soil Classification
      • Soil Erosion
      • Soil Moisture
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    • Surface Radiative Properties
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INSTRUMENT TYPE
INSTRUMENT

Data

Discover and download the Earth observation data you need from the broad catalogue of missions the European Space Agency operate and support.

data description

ERS-1/2 ATSR Averaged Surface Temperature [AT1/AT2_AR__2P]

The Averaged Surface Temperature Product (AST) contains averaged geophysical data at two different resolutions, and with respect to two differen...

News

Discover the latest news on the European Space Agency's Earth Observation activities. Learn all about new data availability and how ESA's missions are performing.

scientific highlights

Heritage data still widely used today

Current satellite missions collect data with high frequency, with some able to systematically revisit the same location in the same geo...

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Missions

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with other agencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

ERS
heritage missions

ERS

The ERS programme was composed of two missions, ERS-1 and ERS-2, which together observed the Earth for 20 years, from 1991 to 2011.

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TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X
third party missions

TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X

The TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X satellites feature a unique geometric accuracy that is unmatched by any other spaceborne sensor.

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Events

Learn about upcoming Earth observation conferences, workshops and training courses that the European Space Agency organise or support. Discover the results of past events, which may provide useful reference or material for your work.

EVENT - meeting

VH-RODA and CEOS SAR workshop

The workshop, hosted by ESA/ESRIN, provided an open forum for the presentation and discussion of current status and future developments...

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TOOLS & TOOLBOXES

Find the tools you need to visualise, analyse and process the European Space Agency's Earth observation data.

TOOLS - processing

PolSARpro

The current version of PolSARpro is 6 Read more

ACTIVITIES

Find the activities you need.

ACTIVITY - quality

About

TCWV Retrieval Current activities A new atmospheric total column water vapour (TCWV) retrieval algorithm, named AIRWAVE (Advanced Infra... Read more

INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

a-altimeters

RA (ERS-1)

The RA on ERS-1 was a Ku-band nadir-pointing active microwave sensor designed to measure echoes from ocean and ice surfaces.

scatterometers

WS (ERS-1) CAL-VAL

ERS-2 Scatterometer: Mission Performances and Current Reprocessing Achievements Calibration strategy for ERS scatterometer data reproce...

a-imaging-radars

SAR (ERS-1) DESCRIPTION

Scientists are studying the radar backscatter from the ocean surface related to wind and current fronts, to eddies and to internal wave...

Campaigns

Learn about the ground-based, ship-borne, balloon-borne, and airborne campaigns and small satellite field experiments that validate orbiting ESA EO satellites and support future mission development.

TerraSAR SIM

TerraSAR SIM

The current mission design envisages flying two separate radars on separate platforms

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OTHER RESOURCES

Browse through mission documentation and reports, and learn more about European Space Agency Earth Observation projects and opportunities.

DOCUMENT - General Reference

20 Nov 2019

SCI-PUB-14-0002-v01-WMO-report-1.0.pdf

current and anticipated relationship and role of the ERS scatterometers in the Global Climate Observing System. Conclusions and recommendations are provided to further consolidate this relationship Download