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  • Data - Data Description

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    Aeolus Level 2C assisted wind fields resulting from NWP Numerical Weather Prediction assimilation processing

    The Level 2C wind product of the Aeolus mission provides ECMWF analysis horizontal wind vectors at the geolocations of assimilated L2B HLOS wind components. The L2C can therefore be described as an Aeolus-assisted horizontal wind vector product. The L2C is a distinct product, however the L2C and L2B share a common Earth Explorer file template, with the L2C being a superset of the L2B. The L2C consists of extra datasets appended to the L2B product with information which are relevant to the data assimilation of the L2B winds.

  • News - Success Stories

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    ESA facilitates access to greenhouse gas data

    Canadian company GHGSat Inc., which offers high-resolution remote sensing of greenhouse gas emissions, air quality gas, and other trace gas emissions from any point sources in the world—is now an ESA Third Party Mission.

  • News - General News

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    GHGsat infographic

    Find out more about the GHGsat mission in our new infographic.

  • News - Success Stories

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    Space data help to unravel the complexities of Earth’s atmosphere

    As the impacts of the climate crisis intensify, scientists are using ESA’s Earth observation archives to investigate atmospheric processes and their influences on the planet’s changing environment.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Aeolus L2A Aerosol/Cloud optical product

    The Level 2A aerosol/cloud optical products of the Aeolus mission include: Geo-located consolidated backscatter and extinction profiles, Backscatter-to-extinction coefficient, LIDAR ratio, scene classification, Heterogeneity index Attenuated backscatter signals. Resolution - Horizontal resolution of L2A optical properties at observation scale (~87 km); Exceptions are group properties (horizontal accumulation of measurements from ~3 km to ~87 km) and attenuated backscatters (~3 km); Note: the resolution of "groups" in the L2A can only go down to 5 measurements at the moment, i.e. ~15 km horizontal resolution. This could be configured to go to 1 measurement - Vertical resolution 250-2000 m (Defined by Range Bin Settings ).

  • Mission - Third Party Missions

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    GHGSat

    The GHGSat mission is dedicated to measuring emissions of greenhouse gases.

  • Data - Data Description

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    GHGSat archive and tasking

    The following products are made available: Abundance dataset (Level 2): Set of per-pixel abundances (ppb or mol/m2) for a single species, and per-pixel measurement error expressed as a standard deviation for a single site on a single satellite pass. Data format is GeoTIFF (16-bit) or optionally GeoTIFF (32-bit or 64-bit floating point) Concentration Maps (Level 2): High readability pseudocolour map combining surface reflectance, and column density expressed in ppb or mol/m2 for a single species in PNG (optional PDF) format. The relevant abundance dataset is provided as well. Emission Rates (Level 4): Instantaneous emission rate from targeted source estimated using abundance datasets from a single satellite pass and applying dispersion modelling techniques in PDF format. The delivered product includes the emission rate estimate with uncertainty and key dispersion parameters (in CSV format) as well as the abundance dataset used for the emission estimate. The properties of available products are summarised in the table Band(s) / Beam Mode(s) and Polarisation SWIR (1635-1675 nm), multiple bands, unpolarised Spatial Resolution <30 m Scene size 12 km x 12 km Species Measured CH4 Geometric Corrections Radial distortion, perspective projection Radiometric Corrections Detector pixel response, ghosting, spectral response, atmospheric correction including trace gas modelling and surface reflectance Details about the data provision, data access conditions and quota assignment procedure are described in the GHGSat Terms of Applicability.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Aeolus preliminary HLOS (horizontal line-of-sight) wind observations for Rayleigh and Mie receivers

    The Level 1B wind product of the Aeolus mission contains the preliminary HLOS (horizontal line-of-sight) wind observations for Rayleigh and Mie receivers, which are generated in Near Real Time. Standard atmospheric correction (Rayleigh channel), receiver response and bias correction is applied. The product is generated within 3 hours after data acquisition.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Aeolus Scientific L2B Rayleigh/Mie wind product

    The Level 2B wind product of the Aeolus mission is a geo-located consolidated HLOS (horizontal line-of-sight) wind observation with actual atmospheric correction applied to Rayleigh channel. The product is generated within 3 hours after data acquisition.

  • Data - Data Description

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    SciSat-1: ACE-FTS and MAESTRO

    SCISAT-1 data aim at monitoring and analysing the chemical processes that control the distribution of ozone in the upper troposphere and stratosphere. It provides acquisitions from the 2 instruments MAESTRO and ACE-FTS. MAESTRO: Measurement of Aerosol Extinction in the Stratosphere and Troposphere Retrieved by Occultation. Dual-channel optical spectrometer in the spectral region of 285-1030 nm. The objective is to measure ozone, nitrogen dioxide and aerosol/cloud extinction (solar occultation measurements of atmospheric attenuation during satellite sunrise and sunset with the primary objective of assessing the stratospheric ozone budget). Solar occultation spectra are being used for retrieving vertical profiles of temperature and pressure, aerosols, and trace gases (O3, NO2, H2O, OClO, and BrO) involved in middle atmosphere ozone distribution. The use of two overlapping spectrometers (280 - 550 nm, 500 - 1030 nm) improves the stray-light performance. The spectral resolution is about 1-2 nm. ACE-FTS: Fourier Transform Spectrometer The objective is to measure the vertical distribution of atmospheric trace gases, in particular of the regional polar O3 budget, as well as pressure and temperature (derived from CO2 lines). The instrument is an adapted version of the classical sweeping Michelson interferometer, using an optimized optical layout. The ACE-FTS measurements are recorded every 2 s. This corresponds to a measurement spacing of 2-6 km which decreases at lower altitudes due to refraction. The typical altitude spacing changes with the orbital beta angle. For historical reasons, the retrieved results are interpolated onto a 1 km "grid" using a piecewise quadratic method. For ACE-FTS version 1.0, the results were reported only on the interpolated grid (every 1 km from 0.5 to 149.5 km). For versions 2.2, both the "retrieval" grid and the "1 km" grid profiles are available. SCISAT-1 collection provides ACE-FTS and MAESTRO Level 2 Data. As of today, ACE-FTS products are available in version 4.1, while MAESTRO products are available in version 3.13.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Envisat SCIAMACHY Total column densities and stratospheric profiles [SCI_OL__2P]

    The data product provides global column distributions and stratospheric profiles of various trace gases. Total column densities of O3, NO2, OClO, H2O, SO2, BrO, CO, HCHO, CHOCHO and CH4 are retrieved from Nadir measurements. Additional cloud parameters (fractional cloud coverage, cloud-top height, cloud optical thickness) and an aerosol absorption indicator are enclosed. Stratospheric profiles of O3, NO2, and BrO are derived from limb measurements, also with flagging information for cloud-types. Tropospheric NO2 columns are retrieved combining limb and nadir measurements. The latest Level 2 dataset is version 6.01.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Envisat SCIAMACHY Geo-located atmospheric spectra [SCI_NL__1P]

    This data product covers geo-located, radiometrically and spectrally calibrated limb and nadir radiance spectra for Nadir, Limb, and Occultation measurements with additional monitoring and calibration measurements. The Level 1b product is the lowest level of SCIAMACHY data delivered to the users. The instrument Instantaneous Field of View (IFoV) is approximately 0.045 deg (scan direction) x 1.8 deg (flight direction). This corresponds to a ground pixel size of 25 Km x 0.6 km at the sub-satellite point (nadir) and of 103 km x 2.6 km at the Earth's horizon (limb). Nadir measurements have a maximum swath width of 960 km (in scan direction) and a typical footprint of 30 km (along track) x 60 km (across track). Limb measurements have a tangent height range spanning from 0 to 100 km with 3 km vertical resolution. Azimuth scans are performed for constant elevation angle, typically 34 elevation steps per limb scan. Maximum azimuth range is +/- 44 deg relative to S/C velocity (Note that the azimuth range is adjusted to observe the same atmospheric volume as for nadir measurements within five minutes). The radiometric resolution is 16 bits, with a spectral resolution of 0.24 nm to 1.5 nm, depending on the spectral range. The Sun normalized radiometric accuracy is 2 to 3% in unpolarized light, and 3 to 4% in polarized light. The relative radiometric accuracy is less than 1% and the spectral accuracy spans form 0.005 nm to 0.035 nm. Individual measurements from dedicated monitoring states include: Sun over diffuser Subsolar calibration Spectral lamp measurements White light source measurements Elevation mirror monitoring (Sun/Moon) ADC calibration Level 1b products are corrected for degradation applying a scan mirror model and m-factors.The latest Level 1b dataset is version 8.0X.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Envisat GOMOS Level 2 - Residual extinction [GOM_EXT_2P]

    Re-computed transmission spectra corrected for scintillation and dilution effects, before and after inversion. Coverage is as follows: Elevation range: +62 deg to +68 deg Azimuth range: +90 deg to +190 deg (with respect to the flight direction) The file size is 1 Mbyte/occultation, depending on the duration of the occultation.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Envisat GOMOS Level 2 - Atmospheric constituents profiles [GOM_NL__2P]

    This data product describes atmospheric constituents profiles. In particular the vertical and line density profiles of ozone, NO2, NO3, O2, H2O, air, aerosols, temperature, turbulence. Coverage is as follows: Elevation range: +62 deg to +68 deg Azimuth range: +90 deg to +190 deg (with respect to the flight direction) The file size is 1 Mbyte/occultation, depending on the duration of the occultation.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Envisat GOMOS Level 1b - Limb spectra [GOM_LIM_1P]

    This data product describes localised calibrated upper and lower background limb spectra (flat-field corrected, with and without stray light). Coverage is as follows: Elevation range: C25+62 deg to +68 deg Azimuth range: +90 deg to +190 deg (with respect to the flight direction). The file size is Mbytes/occultation, depending on the duration of the occultation.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Envisat GOMOS Level 2 - Atmospheric constituents profiles - User Friendly Product [GOMOS_UFP]

    This data product describes atmospheric constituents profiles: In particular the vertical and line density profiles of ozone, NO2, NO3, O2, H2O, air, aerosols, temperature, turbulence. Coverage is as follows: Elevation range: +62 deg to +68 deg Azimuth range: +90 deg to +190 deg (with respect to the flight direction) The GOMOS data are now also available as user friendly products in the NetCDF4-format. These files are occultation based (dark and bright) and include all GOMOS Level 2 constituent profiles and HRTP profiles with all the essential parameters. For further information, please see the news published on 1 March 2017 and 1 August 2017.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Envisat GOMOS Geolocated Calibrated Transmission Spectra and Photometer Fluxes [GOM_TRA_1P]

    This data product describes the geolocated and calibrated transmission spectra products, containing the full transmission and the covariance spectra needed for the Level 2 processing. Coverage is as follows: Elevation range: +62 deg to +68 deg Azimuth range: +90 deg to +190 deg (with respect to the flight direction) The file size is 1 MB/occultation, depending on the duration of the occultation.

  • Data - Data Description

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    Envisat GOMOS Level 2 - Atmospheric constituents profiles - Gridded User Friendly Product [-]

    This data product describes atmospheric constituents profiles: In particular the vertical and line density profiles of ozone, NO2, NO3, O2, H2O, air, aerosols, temperature, turbulence. Coverage is as follows: Elevation range: +62° to +68° Azimuth range: +90° to +190° (with respect to the flight direction) The GOMOS data are now also available as user friendly products in the NetCDF4-format. These files are Level 2 constituent profiles and are altitude gridded. These Level 2 files include quality flags and are based and collected on a yearly basis.

  • Event - Workshop

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    2nd MERIS/AATSR User Workshop

    The workshop addressed the utilisation of MERIS and AATSR data for remote sensing of open oceans, coastal waters, land surfaces and atmospheric processes

  • Event - Workshop

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    CEOS-IVOS Workshop on Inter-comparison of Large Scale Optical and Infrared Sensors

    The 2004 workshop was an opportunity to present and exchange experiences and knowledge from work on inter-comparing large scale optical sensors at different product levels.

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