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  • Document - General Reference

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    Heritage Space Programme interactive brochure

    Learn about ESA's Heritage Space Programme in this interactive brochure.

  • Document - General Reference

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    Heritage-Missions-brochure.pdf

    This brochure describes ESA's Heritage Space Programme and includes infographics describing some of the missions in the programme.

  • Document - General Reference

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    Third-Party-Missions-brochure.pdf

    This brochure summarises ESA's Third Party Missions programme, providing a timeline and examples of content related to some of the missions.

  • News - Infographics

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    Heritage Missions timeline

    ESA's Heritage Space Programme preserves historical data from over 40 years of Earth observation missions.

  • News - Infographics

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    Third Party Missions infographic

    ESA’s Third Party Missions programme consists of almost 50 satellite missions, which are owned by organisations around the world. ESA has agreements with these organisations to acquire, process, and distribute data from their missions

  • Activity - General activities

    GSCB and LTDP

    The Copernicus programme is based on a fleet of European Earth observation satellites, built and operated by ESA, member states and commercial entities. Copernicus will also offer data from non-European satellites.

  • Tools - Other

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    Geohazards TEP

    The Geohazards Thematic Exploitation Platform (TEP) aims to provide Earth observation data for supporting geohazards applications.

  • News - Data Release news

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    RADARSAT data on demand

    In the framework of the Earthnet programme, ESA is distributing RADARSAT data on-demand to support EO science and research activities.

  • Tools - Analysis

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    ESA PDGS Jupyter Notebook

    A series of Jupyter Notebooks are available, in order to understand how to exploit the API that provides the data access service for different types of datasets included in the ESA PDGS datacube.

  • News - General News

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    ESA's new DataCube service is now available

    ESA is pleased to announce the deployment of a new service, called ESA PDGS-DataCube, enabling multi-temporal and pixel-based access to a subset of the data available in the European Space Agency dissemination services.

  • News - General News

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    ESA’s Earth Observation Catalogue and its services

    EO-CAT is the EO Catalogue tool allowing users to search ESA and Third Party Mission collections.

  • Data - Data Description

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    RADARSAT-1 & 2 full archive and tasking

    RADARSAT-1 products The Standard beam mode operates with any one of seven beam positions, referred to as S1 to S7. The nominal incidence angle range covered by the full set of Standard beams is from 20 degrees (at the inner edge of S1) to 49 degrees (at the outer edge of S7). Each individual beam covers a minimum ground swath of 100 km within the total 500 km accessibility swath of the full set of Standard beams. The nominal spatial resolution in the range direction is 26 m for S1 at near range to 20 m for S7 at far range. The nominal azimuth resolution is the same, 27 m, for all beam positions. The Wide beam modes are similar to the Standard beams except that the swath width achieved by this beam is 150 km rather than 100 km. As a result, only three Wide beams, W1, W2 and W3 are necessary to provide coverage of almost all of the 500 km swath range. They provide comparable resolution to the standard beam mode, though the increased ground swath coverage is obtained at the expense of a slight reduction in overall image quality. In the Fine beam mode the nominal azimuth resolution is 8.4 m, with range resolution 9.1 m to 7.8 m from F1 to F5. Since the radar operates with a higher sampling rate in this mode than in any of the other beam mode, the ground swath coverage has to be reduced to approximately 50 km in order to keep the downlink signal within its allocated bandwidth. Originally, five Fine beam positions, F1 to F5, were available to cover the far range of the swath with an incidence angle range from 37 to 47 degrees. By modifying timing parameters, 10 new positions have been added with offset ground coverage. Each original Fine beam position can either be shifted closer to or further away from Nadir. In Extended High beam mode six positions, EH1 to EH6, are available for collection of data in the 49 to 60 degree incidence angle range. Since this beam mode operates outside the optimum scan angle range of the SAR antenna, some minor degradation of image quality can be expected when compared with the Standard beam mode. Swath widths are restricted to a nominal 80 km for the inner three positions, and 70 km for the outer three positions. In Extended Low beam mode one position, EL1, is provided for imaging in the incidence angle range 10 to 23 degrees with nominal ground swath coverage of 170 km. As with the Extended High beam mode, some minor degradation of image quality can be expected due to operation of the antenna beyond its optimum elevation angle range. In ScanSAR mode, combinations of two, three or four single beams are used during data collection. Each beam is selected sequentially so that data is collected from a wider swath than possible with a single beam. The beam switching rates are chosen to ensure at least one "look" at the Earth's surface for each beam within the along track illumination time or dwell time of the antenna beam. In practice, the radar beam switching is adjusted to provide two looks per beam. The beam multiplexing inherent in ScanSAR operation reduces the effective sampling rate within each of the component beams; hence the increased swath coverage is obtained at the expense of spatial resolution. The ScanSAR Narrow mode combines two beams (incidence angle range of 20 to 39 degrees) or three beams (incidence angle from 31 to 46 degrees) and provides coverage of a nominal 300 km ground swath, with spatial resolution of 50 m. The ScanSAR Wide mode combines four beams, provides coverage of either 500 km (with incidence angle range of 20 to 49 degrees) or 450 km (incidence angle range from 20 to 46 degrees) nominal ground swaths depending on the beam combination. Beam Mode Product Ground coverage (km2) Nominal resolution (m) Polarisation ScanSAR wide SCW, SCF, SCS 500 x 500 100 Single and dual ScanSAR narrow SCN, SCF, SCS 300 x 300 60 Single and dual Wide SGF, SGX, SLC, SSG, SPG 150 x 150 24 Single and dual Standard SGF, SGX, SLC, SSG, SPG 100 x 100 24 Single Extended low SGF, SGX, SLC, SSG, SPG 170 x 170 24 Single Extended high SGF, SGX, SLC, SSG, SPG 75 x 75 24 Single Fine SGF, SGX, SLC, SSG, SPG 50 x 50 8 Single RADARSAT-2 products The Standard Beam Mode allows imaging over a wide range of incidence angles with a set of image quality characteristics which provides a balance between fine resolution and wide coverage, and between spatial and radiometric resolutions. Standard Beam Mode operates with any one of eight beams, referred to as S1 to S8. The nominal incidence angle range covered by the full set of beams is 20 degrees (at the inner edge of S1) to 52 degrees (at the outer edge of S8). Each individual beam covers a nominal ground swath of 100 km within the total standard beam accessibility swath of more than 500 km. The Wide Swath Beam Mode allows imaging of wider swaths than Standard Beam Mode, but at the expense of slightly coarser spatial resolution. The three Wide Swath beams, W1, W2 and W3, provide coverage of swaths of approximately 170 km, 150 km and 130 km in width respectively, and collectively span a total incidence angle range from 20 degrees to 45 degrees. The Fine Resolution Beam Mode is intended for applications which require finer spatial resolution. Products from this beam mode have a nominal ground swath of 50 km. Nine Fine Resolution physical beams, F23 to F21, and F1 to F6 are available to cover the incidence angle range from 30 to 50 degrees. For each of these beams, the swath can optionally be centred with respect to the physical beam or it can be shifted slightly to the near or far range side. Thanks to these additional swath positioning choices, overlaps of more than 50% are provided between adjacent swaths. In the Extended Low Incidence Beam Mode, a single Extended Low Incidence Beam, EL1, is provided for imaging in the incidence angle range from 10 to 23 degrees with a nominal ground swath coverage of 170 km. Some minor degradation of image quality can be expected due to operation of the antenna beyond its optimum scan angle range. In the Extended High Incidence Beam Mode, six Extended High Incidence Beams, EH1 to EH6, are available for imaging in the 49 to 60 degree incidence angle range. Since these beams operate outside the optimum scan angle range of the SAR antenna, some degradation of image quality, becoming progressively more severe with increasing incidence angle, can be expected when compared with the Standard Beams. Swath widths are restricted to a nominal 80 km for the inner three beams, and 70 km for the outer beams. ScanSAR Narrow Beam Mode provides coverage of a ground swath approximately double the width of the Wide Swath Beam Mode swaths. Two swath positions with different combinations of physical beams can be used: SCNA, which uses physical beams W1 and W2, and SCNB, which uses physical beams W2, S5, and S6. Both options provide coverage of swath widths of about 300 km. The SCNA combination provides coverage over the incidence angle range from 20 to 39 degrees. The SCNB combination provides coverage over the incidence angle range 31 to 47 degrees. ScanSAR Wide Beam Mode provides coverage of a ground swath approximately triple the width of the Wide Swath Beam Mode swaths. Two swath positions with different combinations of physical beams can be used: SCWA, which uses physical beams W1, W2, W3, and S7, and SCWB, which uses physical beams W1, W2, S5 and S6. The SCWA combination allows imaging of a swath of more than 500 km covering an incidence angle range of 20 to 49 degrees. The SCWB combination allows imaging of a swath of more than 450 km covering the incidence angle. In the Standard Quad Polarization Beam Mode, the radar transmits pulses alternately in horizontal (H) and vertical (V) polarisations, and receives the return signals from each pulse in both H and V polarisations separately but simultaneously. This beam mode therefore enables full polarimetric (HH+VV+HV+VH) image products to be generated. The Standard Quad Polarization Beam Mode operates with the same pulse bandwidths as the Standard Beam Mode. Products with swath widths of approximately 25 km can be obtained covering any area within the region from an incidence angle of 18 degrees to at least 49 degrees. The Wide Standard Quad Polarization Beam Mode operates the same way as the Standard Quad Polarization Beam Mode but with higher data acquisition rates, and offers wider swaths of approximately 50 km at equivalent spatial resolution. 21 beams are available covering any area from 18 degrees to 42 degrees, ensuring overlaps of about 50% between adjacent swaths. The Fine Quad Polarization Beam Mode provides full polarimetric imaging with the same spatial resolution as the Fine Resolution Beam Mode. Fine Quad Polarization Beam Mode products with swath widths of approximately 25 km can be obtained covering any area within the region from an incidence angle of 18 degrees to at least 49 degrees. The Wide Fine Quad Polarization Beam Mode operates the same way as the Fine Quad Polarization Beam Mode but with higher data acquisition rates, and offers a wider swath of approximately 50 km at equivalent spatial resolution. 21 beams are available covering any area from 18 degrees to 42 degrees, ensuring overlaps of about 50% between adjacent swaths. The Multi-Look Fine Resolution Beam Mode covers the same swaths as the Fine Resolution Beam Mode. Products with multiple looks in range and azimuth are generated at approximately the same spatial resolution as Fine Resolution Beam mode products, but with multiple looks and therefore improved radiometric resolution. Single look products are generated at finer spatial resolutions than Fine Resolution Beam Mode products. In order to obtain the multiple looks without a reduction in swath width, this beam mode operates with higher data acquisition rates and noise levels than Fine Resolution Beam Mode. As with the Fine Resolution Beam Mode, nine physical beams are available to cover the incidence angle range from 30 to 50 degrees, and additional near and/or far range swath positioning choices are available to provide additional overlap. The Wide Multi-Look Fine Resolution Beam Mode offers a wider coverage alternative to the regular Multi-Look Fine Beam Mode, while preserving the same spatial and radiometric resolution, but at the expense of higher data compression ratios (which leads to higher signal-dependent noise levels). The nominal swath width is 90 km compared to 50 km for the Multi-Look Fine Beam Mode. The nine physical beams are the same as in the Multi-Look Fine Beam Mode, covering incidence angles from approximately 30 to 50 degrees, but the additional near and far range swath positioning choices available in the Multi-Look Fine Beam Mode are not needed because the beam centered swaths are wide enough to overlap by more than 50%. The Ultra-Fine Resolution Beam Mode is intended for applications which require very high spatial resolution. The set of Ultra-Fine Resolution Beams cover any area within the incidence angle range from 20 to 50 degrees (soon to be extended to 54 degrees). Each beam within the set images a swath width of at least 20 km. The Wide Ultra-Fine Resolution Beam Mode provides the same spatial resolution as the Ultra-Fine mode as well as wider coverage, but at the expense of higher data compression ratios (which leads to higher signal-dependent noise levels). The set of Wide Ultra-Fine Resolution Beams cover any area within the incidence angle range from 30 to 50 degrees. Each beam within the set images a swath width of approximately 50 km. The Wide Fine Resolution Beam Mode is intended for applications which require both a finer spatial resolution and a wide swath. Products from this beam mode have a nominal ground swath equivalent to the ones offered by the Wide Swath Beam Mode (170 km, 150 km and 120 km) and a spatial resolution equivalent to the ones offered by the Fine Resolution Beam Mode, at the expense of somewhat higher noise levels. Three Wide Fine Resolution beam positions, F0W1 to F0W3 are available to cover the incidence angle range from 20 to 45 degrees. The Extra-Fine Resolution Beam Mode nominally provides similar swath width and incidence angle coverage as the Wide Fine Beam Mode, at even finer resolutions, but with higher data compression ratios and noise levels. The four Extra-Fine beams provide coverage of swaths of approximately 160 km, 124 km, 120 km and 108 km in width respectively, and collectively span a total incidence angle range from 22 to 49 degrees. This beam mode also offers additional optional processing parameter selections that allow for reduced-bandwidth single-look products, 4-look, and 28-look products. In Spotlight Beam Mode, the beam is steered electronically in order to dwell on the area of interest over longer aperture times, which allows products to be processed to finer azimuth resolution than in other modes. Unlike in other modes, Spotlight images are of fixed size in the along track direction. The set of Spotlight beams cover any area within the incidence angle range from 20 to 50 degrees (soon to be extended to 54 degrees). Each beam within the set images a swath width of at least 18 km. Beam Mode Product Nominal Pixel Spacing [Range x Azimuth] (metres) Nominal Resolution (metres) Resolution [Range x Azimuth] (metres) Nominal Scene Size [Range x Azimuth] (kilometres) Range of Angle of Incidence [Range] (degrees) Number of Looks [Range x Azimuth] Polarisations Options Spotlight SLC 1.3 x 0.4 <1 1.6 x 0.8 18 x 8 20 to 54 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) SGX 1 or 0.8 x 1/3 4.6 - 2.0 x 0.8 SGF 0.5 x 0.5 SSG, SPG Ultra-fine SLC 1.3 x 2.1 3 1.6 x 2.8 20 x 20 20 to 54 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) SGX 1 x 1 or 0.8 x 0.8 3.3 – 2.1 x 2.8 SGF 1.56 x 1.56 SSG, SPG Wide Ultra-fine SLC 1.3 x 2.1 3 3.1 x 4.6 50 x 50 29 to 50 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) SGX 1 x 1 3.3 - 2.1 x 2.8  SGF 1.56 x 1.56 SSG, SPG Multi-look fine SLC 2.7 x 2.9 8 3.1 x 4.6 50 x 50 30 to 50 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) SGX 3.13 x 3.13 10.4 - 6.8 x 7.6 2 x 2 SGF 6.25 x 6.25 SSG, SPG Wide Multi-look fine SLC 2.7 x 2.9 8 3.1 x 4.6 90 x 50 29 to 50 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) SGX 3.13 x 3.13 10.8 - 6.8 x 7.6 2 x 2 SGF 6.25 x 6.25 SSG, SPG Extra-fine SLC (Full resolution) 2.7 x 2.9 5 3.1 x 4.6 125 x 125 22 to 49 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) SLC (fine resolution) 4.3 x 5.8 5.2 x 7.6 SLC (standard resolution) 7.1 x 5.8 8.9 x 7.6 SLC (wide resolution) 10.6 x 5.8 13.3 x 7.6 SGX (1 look) 2.0 x 2.0 8.4 – 4.1 x 4.6 SGX (4 looks) 3.13 x 3.13 14 – 6.9 x 7.6 2 x 2 SGX (28 looks) 5.0 x 5.0 24 - 12 x 23.5 4 x 7 SGF (1 look) 3.13 x 3.13 8.4 - 4.1 x 4.6 1 x 1 SGF (4 looks) 6.25 x 6.25 14 - 6.9 x 7.6 2 x 2 SGF (28 looks) 8.0 x 8.0 24 - 12 x 23.5 4 x 7 SSG, SPG 3.13 x 3.13 8.4 - 4.1 x 4.6 1 x 1 Fine SLC 4.7 x 5.1 8 5.2 x 7.7 50 x 50 30 to 50 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) or Dual (HH+HV or VV+VH) SGX 3.13 x 3.13 10.4 – 6.8 x 7.7 SGF 6.25 x 6.25 SSG, SPG Wide Fine SLC 4.7 x 5.1 8 5.2 x 7.7 150 x 150 20 to 45 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) or Dual (HH+HV or VV+VH) SGX 3.13 x 3.13 14.9 - 7.3 x 7.7 SGF 6.25 x 6.25 SSG, SPG Standard SLC 8.0 or 11.8 x 5.1 25 9.0 or 13.5 x 7.7 100 x 100 20 - 52 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) or Dual (HH+HV or VV+VH) SGX 8 x 8 26.8 - 17.3 x 24.7 1 x 4 SGF 12.5 x 12.5 SSG, SPG Wide SLC 11.8 x 5.1 30 13.5 x 7.7 150 x 150 20 - 45 1 x 1 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) or Dual (HH+HV or VV+VH) SGX 10 x 10 40.0 - 19.2 x 24.7 1 x 4 SGF 12.5 x 12.5 SSG, SPG Extended High SLC 11.8 x 5.1 25 13.5 x 7.7 75 x 75 49 - 60 1 x 1 Single (HH only) SGX 8 x 8 18.2 - 15.9 x 24.7 1 x 4 SGF 12.5 x 12.5 SSG, SPG Extended Low SLC 8.0 x 5.1 25 9.0 x 7.7 170 x 170 10 - 23 1 x 1 Single (HH only) SGX 10 x 10 52.7 – 23.3 x 24.7 1 x 4 SGF 12.5 x 12.5 SSG, SPG Fine Quad-Pol SLC 4.7 x 5.1 8 5.2 x 7.6 25 x 25 18 - 49 1 x 1 Quad (HH+VV+HV+VH) SGX 3.13 x 3.13 16.5 – 6.8 x 7.6 1 x 1 SSG, SPG Wide Fine Quad-Pol SLC 4.7 x 5.1 8 5.2 x 7.6 50 x 25 18 - 42 1 x 1 Quad (HH+VV+HV+VH) SGX 3.13 x 3.13 17.3–7.8 x 7.6 SSG, SPG Standard Quad-Pol SLC 8 or 11.8 x 5.1 25 9.0 or 13.5 x 7.6 25 x 25 18 - 49 1 x 1 Quad (HH+VV+HV+VH) SGX 8 x 3.13 28.6 – 17.7 x 7.6 SSG, SPG Wide Standard Quad-Pol SLC 8 or 11.8 x 5.1 25 9.0 or 13.5 x 7.6 50 x 25 18 - 42 1 x 1 Quad (HH+VV+HV+VH) SGX 8 x 3.13 30.0 –16.7 x 7.6 SSG, SPG ScanSAR Narrow SCN, SCF, SCS 25 x 25 50 81–38 x 40-70 300 x 300 20 to 46 2 x 2 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) or Dual (HH+HV or VV+VH) ScanSAR Wide SCW, SCF, SCS 50 x 50 100 163-73 x 78-106 500 x 500 20 to 49 4 x 2 Single Co or Cross (HH or VV or HV or VH) or Dual (HH+HV or VV+VH)   These are the different products : SLC (Single Look Complex): Amplitude and phase information is preserved. Data is in slant range. Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track SGF (Path Image): Data is converted to ground range and may be multi-look processed. Scene is oriented in direction of orbit path. Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track. SGX (Path Image Plus): Same as SGF except processed with refined pixel spacing as needed to fully encompass the image data bandwidths. Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track SSG(Map Image): Image is geocorrected to a map projection. SPG (Precision Map Image): Image is geocorrected to a map projection. Ground control points (GCP) are used to improve positional accuracy. SCN(ScanSAR Narrow)/SCF(ScanSAR Wide) : ScanSAR Narrow/Wide beam mode product with original processing options and metadata fields (for backwards compatibility only). Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track SCF (ScanSAR Fine): ScanSAR product equivalent to SGF with additional processing options and metadata fields. Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track SCS(ScanSAR Sampled) : Same as SCF except with finer sampling. Georeferenced and aligned with the satellite track

  • Mission - Third Party Missions

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    RADARSAT

    The RADARSAT programme consists of a pair of remote sensing satellites from the Canadian Space Agency (CSA).

  • Event - Workshop

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    Fringe 2005 Workshop

    Fringe 2005 was the second International Workshop on Envisat ASAR interferometry and fourth International Workshop on ERS SAR Interferometry.

  • Document - Conference Presentation - Poster

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    2_POLinSAR2013_Hannevik_presentation.pdf

    Combining polarimetric channels for better ship detection results T.N.A. Hannevik [Norwegian Defence Research Establishment - Norway]

  • Document - Conference Presentation - Poster

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    2_Charbonneau_compact_pol.pdf

    RCM Compact Polarimetry Applied to Watershed Study F. J. Charbonneau [Natural Resources Canada]

  • Document - Conference Presentation - Poster

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    7-Clean_Sea_Net.pdf

    The "New Generation" of CleanSeaNet: the EU Remote Sensing Based Monitoring System for Oil Spill and Vessel Detection Sonia Pellizzari (European Maritime Safety Agency)

  • Document - Conference Presentation - Poster

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    1-SAR-Derived High-Res-Operational-Wind-Products.pdf

    SAR-Derived High-Resolution Operational Wind Products within NOAA CoastWatch William Pichel (NOAA/NESDIS, US)

  • Document - Proceedings

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    EO-Summer-School-7-Ice-thickness-from-satellites.pdf

    This presentation from ESA's EO Summer School 7 describes the quest for basin-scale estimates of sea ice thickness

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