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THEMATIC AREA
  • Agriculture
  • Atmosphere
    • Aerosols
    • Air Quality
    • Altitude
    • Atmospheric Chemistry
    • Atmospheric Electricity
    • Atmospheric Pressure
    • Atmospheric Radiation
    • Atmospheric Temperature
    • Atmospheric Water Vapour
    • Atmospheric Winds
    • Clouds
    • Precipitation
    • Weather Events
  • Biosphere
  • Climate
    • Atmospheric Indicators
    • Biospheric Indicators
    • Cryospheric Indicators
    • Environmental Vulnerability Index
    • Essential Climate Variables
    • Land Surface and Agriculture Indicators
    • Ocean Indicators
    • Paleoclimate Indicators
    • Sun-Earth Interaction Indicators
    • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Indicators
  • Cryosphere
    • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
    • Glaciers and Ice Sheets
    • Sea Ice
    • Snow and Ice
  • Human Dimensions
    • Cultural Heritage
    • Energy and Natural Resources
    • Environmental Governance and Management
    • Environmental Impacts
    • Food Security
    • Habitat Conversion and Fragmentation
    • Human Settlements
    • Infrastructure
    • Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk
    • Population
    • Public Health
    • Security
    • Socioeconomics and Sustainability
  • Land Surface
    • Erosion and Sedimentation
    • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
    • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
    • Land Use and Land Cover
    • Landscape
    • Mapping and Cartography
    • Soils
      • Carbon
      • Organic Matter
      • Permafrost
      • Soil Classification
      • Soil Erosion
      • Soil Moisture
      • Soil Texture
    • Surface Radiative Properties
    • Surface Thermal Properties
    • Topography
  • Oceans
    • Aquaculture
    • Bathymetry and Seafloor Topography
    • Coastal Processes
      • Wetlands
    • Fisheries
    • Marine Environment Monitoring
    • Marine Geophysics
    • Marine Sediments
    • Ocean Chemistry
    • Ocean Circulation
    • Ocean Heat Budget
    • Ocean Optics
    • Ocean Temperature
    • Ocean Waves
    • Salinity and Density
    • Sea Ice
    • Sea Surface Topography
    • Tides
    • Water Quality
  • Solid Earth
    • Earth Gases and Liquids
    • Geochemistry
    • Geodetics
    • Geomagnetism
    • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
    • Geothermal Dynamics
    • Gravity and Gravitational Field
    • Rocks, Minerals and Crystals
    • Tectonics
      • Earthquakes
      • Plate Tectonics
      • Volcanic Activity
  • Sun-Earth Interaction
    • Ionosphere and Magnetosphere Dynamics
    • Solar Activity
    • Solar Energetic Particle Flux
    • Solar Energetic Particle Properties
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere
    • Coastal Processes
      • Wetlands
    • Glaciers and Ice Sheets
    • Groundwater
      • Soil Moisture
    • Snow and Ice
    • Surface Water
      • Lakes
      • Rivers
      • Wetlands
    • Water Quality and Water Chemistry
INSTRUMENT TYPE
  • Altimeters
  • Imaging Radars
  • Interferometers
  • Interferometric Radiometers
  • Magnetic Field/Electric Field Instruments
  • Magnetic/Motion Sensors
  • P-SAR
  • Photon/Optical Detectors
  • Positioning/Navigation
  • Profilers/Sounders
  • Radar Spectrometers
  • Scatterometers
  • Spectrometers
  • Spectrometers/Radiometers
  • Thermal/Radiation Detectors
MISSION
  • Aeolus
  • ALOS-1
  • Aura
  • Biomass
  • COSMO-SkyMed
  • CryoSat
  • Deimos
  • Deimos-1
  • Deimos-2
  • DMC First Generation
  • EarthCARE
  • Envisat
  • ERS
  • ERS-1
  • ERS-2
  • FLEX
  • GeoEye-1
  • GOCE
  • GOSAT
  • GRACE
  • ICEYE
  • IKONOS-2
  • IRS-1C
  • IRS-1D
  • IRS-P5
  • IRS-P6
  • IRS-R2
  • JERS-1
  • KOMPSAT-2
  • Landsat
  • Landsat-1
  • Landsat-2
  • Landsat-3
  • Landsat-4
  • Landsat-5
  • Landsat-7
  • Landsat-8
  • Metop
  • MSG
  • NOAA
  • OceanSat-2
  • ODIN
  • PAZ
  • PlanetScope
  • Pleiades
  • PROBA-1
  • PROBA-V
  • QuickBird-2
  • RADARSAT
  • RADARSAT-1
  • RADARSAT-2
  • RapidEye
  • SCISAT-1
  • Seasat
  • SkySat
  • SMOS
  • Spire
  • SPOT
  • SPOT 1
  • SPOT 2
  • SPOT 3
  • SPOT 4
  • SPOT 5
  • SPOT 6
  • SPOT 7
  • Swarm
  • TanDEM-X
  • TerraSAR-X
  • WorldView
  • WorldView-1
  • WorldView-2
  • WorldView-3
INSTRUMENT

Missions

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with other agencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

Biomass
earth explorers

Biomass

The objective of the Biomass mission is to determine the global distribution of forest biomass.

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RADARSAT
third party missions

RADARSAT

The RADARSAT programme consists of a pair of remote sensing satellites from the Canadian Space Agency (CSA).

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Events

Learn about upcoming Earth observation conferences, workshops and training courses that the European Space Agency organise or support. Discover the results of past events, which may provide useful reference or material for your work.

EVENT - meeting

ESA Earth Observation Phi week 2019

ESA's Phi week focused on EO Open Science and FutureEO, to review the latest developments in Open Science trends. The week long event was held in Frascati, Italy, from 9 to 13 September 2019.

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EVENT - workshop

POLinSAR 2019

ESA organised POLinSAR 2019, the 9th International Workshop on Science and Applications of SAR Polarimetry and Polarimetric Interferometry from 28 January to 1 February 2019.

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INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

a-imaging-radars

SAR (JERS-1)

The JERS-1 mission had a Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) on board.

a-imaging-radars

SAR (ERS-1)

The ERS-1 satellite, launched on 17 July 1991, carried a Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR).