THEMATIC AREA
  • Aerosols
  • Afforestation/Reforestation
  • Agricultural Chemicals
  • Agriculture
  • Air Quality
  • Altitude
  • Aquaculture
  • Atmosphere
  • Atmospheric Chemistry
  • Atmospheric Electricity
  • Atmospheric Indicators
  • Atmospheric Pressure
  • Atmospheric Radiation
  • Atmospheric Temperature
  • Atmospheric Water Vapour
  • Atmospheric Winds
  • Bathymetry and Seafloor Topography
  • Biosphere
  • Biospheric Indicators
  • Carbon
  • Climate
  • Clouds
  • Coastal Processes
  • Crops and Yields
  • Cryosphere
  • Cryospheric Indicators
  • Cultural Heritage
  • Diseases and Pests
  • Earth Gases and Liquids
  • Earthquakes
  • Ecological Dynamics
  • Ecosystems
  • Energy and Natural Resources
  • Environmental Governance and Management
  • Environmental Impacts
  • Environmental Vulnerability Index
  • Erosion and Sedimentation
  • Essential Climate Variables
  • Fisheries
  • Food Security
  • Forest Conservation/Protection
  • Forest Fires
  • Forest Management
  • Forest Mensuration/Inventory
  • Forestry
  • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
  • Geochemistry
  • Geodetics
  • Geomagnetism
  • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
  • Geothermal Dynamics
  • Glaciers and Ice Sheets
  • Gravity and Gravitational Field
  • Groundwater
  • Habitat Conversion and Fragmentation
  • Human Dimensions
  • Human Settlements
  • Infrastructure
  • Invasive Species
  • Ionosphere and Magnetosphere Dynamics
  • Lakes
  • Land Surface
  • Land Surface and Agriculture Indicators
  • Land Use and Land Cover
  • Landscape
  • Mapping and Cartography
  • Marine Environment Monitoring
  • Marine Geophysics
  • Marine Sediments
  • Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk
  • Ocean Chemistry
  • Ocean Circulation
  • Ocean Heat Budget
  • Ocean Indicators
  • Ocean Optics
  • Ocean Temperature
  • Ocean Waves
  • Oceans
  • Organic Matter
  • Paleoclimate Indicators
  • Permafrost
  • Plant Phenology
  • Plate Tectonics
  • Population
  • Precipitation
  • Public Health
  • Reclamation, Revegetation and Restoration
  • Rivers
  • Rocks, Minerals and Crystals
  • Salinity and Density
  • Sea Ice
  • Sea Surface Topography
  • Security
  • Snow and Ice
  • Socioeconomics and Sustainability
  • Soil Classification
  • Soil Erosion
  • Soil Moisture
  • Soil Texture
  • Soils
  • Solar Activity
  • Solar Energetic Particle Flux
  • Solar Energetic Particle Properties
  • Solid Earth
  • Sun-Earth Interaction
  • Sun-Earth Interaction Indicators
  • Surface Radiative Properties
  • Surface Thermal Properties
  • Surface Water
  • Tectonics
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Indicators
  • Tides
  • Topography
  • Vegetation
  • Volcanic Activity
  • Water Quality
  • Water Quality and Water Chemistry
  • Weather Events
  • Wetlands
INSTRUMENT TYPE
MISSION
  • Aeolus
  • ALOS-1
  • Aura
  • Biomass
  • COSMO-SkyMed
  • CryoSat
  • Deimos
  • Deimos-1
  • Deimos-2
  • DMC First Generation
  • EarthCARE
  • Envisat
  • ERS
  • ERS-1
  • ERS-2
  • FLEX
  • GeoEye-1
  • GOCE
  • GOSAT
  • GRACE
  • ICEYE
  • IKONOS-2
  • IRS-1C
  • IRS-1D
  • IRS-P5
  • IRS-P6
  • IRS-R2
  • JERS-1
  • KOMPSAT-2
  • Landsat
  • Landsat-1
  • Landsat-2
  • Landsat-3
  • Landsat-4
  • Landsat-5
  • Landsat-7
  • Landsat-8
  • Metop
  • MSG
  • NOAA
  • OceanSat-2
  • ODIN
  • PAZ
  • PlanetScope
  • Pleiades
  • PROBA-1
  • PROBA-V
  • QuickBird-2
  • RADARSAT
  • RADARSAT-1
  • RADARSAT-2
  • RapidEye
  • SCISAT-1
  • Seasat
  • SkySat
  • SMOS
  • Spire
  • SPOT
  • SPOT 1
  • SPOT 2
  • SPOT 3
  • SPOT 4
  • SPOT 5
  • SPOT 6
  • SPOT 7
  • Swarm
  • TanDEM-X
  • TerraSAR-X
  • WorldView
  • WorldView-1
  • WorldView-2
  • WorldView-3

News

Discover the latest news on the European Space Agency's Earth Observation activities. Learn all about new data availability and how ESA's missions are performing.

operational news

CASSIOPE/e-POP full data mirror on the ESA Swarm Dissemination Server

Swarm Dissemination Server hosting a mirror of the CASSIOPE/e-POP full data archive in native format. Products are freely available.

Read more

Missions

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with other agencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

Swarm
earth explorers

Swarm

Swarm is dedicated to creating a highly detailed survey of the Earth’s geomagnetic field and its temporal evolution as well as the electric field in the atmosphere using a constellation of three identical satellites.

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IRS-1C and IRS-1D
third party missions

IRS-1C and IRS-1D

The Indian Remote Sensing satellites IRS-1C and IRS-1D were identical Earth-imaging satellites operated by the Indian Space Research Organisation.

Read more

TOOLS & TOOLBOXES

Find the tools you need to visualise, analyse and process the European Space Agency's Earth observation data.

TOOLS - other

Swarm Aurora

Swarm-Aurora was designed to facilitate and drive the use of Swarm in-situ measurements in auroral science. Read more

INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

a-positioning-navigation

LRR (Envisat)

The LRR instrument aboard Envisat was used to accurately determine the orbital height of the satellite.

p-magnetic-field-electric-field-instruments

GPSR and LRR (Swarm)

Each Swarm satellite is equipped with a Laser Retroreflector for external calibration and validation of the on-board GPS receiver.

a-positioning-navigation

LRR (ERS-2)

An optical device for accurate satellite tracking from the ground to support instrument data evaluation

a-positioning-navigation

LRR (ERS-1)

An optical device for accurate satellite tracking from the ground to support instrument data evaluation