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THEMATIC AREA
INSTRUMENT TYPE
MISSION
  • Aeolus
  • ALOS-1
  • Aura
  • Biomass
  • COSMO-SkyMed
  • CryoSat
  • Deimos
  • Deimos-1
  • Deimos-2
  • DMC First Generation
  • EarthCARE
  • Envisat
  • ERS
  • ERS-1
  • ERS-2
  • FLEX
  • GeoEye-1
  • GOCE
  • GOSAT
  • GRACE
  • ICEYE
  • IKONOS-2
  • IRS-1C
  • IRS-1D
  • IRS-P5
  • IRS-P6
  • IRS-R2
  • JERS-1
  • KOMPSAT-2
  • Landsat
  • Landsat-1
  • Landsat-2
  • Landsat-3
  • Landsat-4
  • Landsat-5
  • Landsat-7
  • Landsat-8
  • Metop
  • MSG
  • NOAA
  • OceanSat-2
  • ODIN
  • PAZ
  • PlanetScope
  • Pleiades
  • PROBA-1
  • PROBA-V
  • QuickBird-2
  • RADARSAT
  • RADARSAT-1
  • RADARSAT-2
  • RapidEye
  • SCISAT-1
  • Seasat
  • SkySat
  • SMOS
  • Spire
  • SPOT
  • SPOT 1
  • SPOT 2
  • SPOT 3
  • SPOT 4
  • SPOT 5
  • SPOT 6
  • SPOT 7
  • Swarm
  • TanDEM-X
  • TerraSAR-X
  • WorldView
  • WorldView-1
  • WorldView-2
  • WorldView-3
INSTRUMENT

Data

Discover and download the Earth observation data you need from the broad catalogue of missions the European Space Agency operate and support.

data description

Envisat SCIAMACHY Geo-located atmospheric spectra [SCI_NL__1P]

This data product covers geo-located, radiometrically and spectrally calibrated limb and nadir radiance spectra for Nadir, Limb, and Occultation...

data description

Envisat SCIAMACHY Total column densities and stratospheric profiles [SCI_OL__2P]

The data product provides global column distributions and stratospheric profiles of various trace gases. Total column densities of O3, NO2, OClO...

data description

Proba-V 1Km, 333m, and 100m products

The Proba-V VEGETATION Raw products (Level 1C/P) and synthesis products (Level 3, S1 = daily, S5 = 5 days, S10 = decade) ensure coverage of all ...

News

Discover the latest news on the European Space Agency's Earth Observation activities. Learn all about new data availability and how ESA's missions are performing.

scientific highlights

ESA's Earth Explorers surpassing expectations

In this video, learn how each Earth Explorer mission is contributing to Earth science, and changing the way we look at our beloved planet.

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Missions

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with other agencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

SMOS
earth explorers

SMOS

The Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission is dedicated to making global observations of soil moisture over land and salinity over oceans

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Envisat
heritage missions

Envisat

Envisat was ESA's successor to ERS. Envisat carried ten instruments aboard for a wide range of Earth observing fields. The mission was operational from 2002 to 2012.

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Events

Learn about upcoming Earth observation conferences, workshops and training courses that the European Space Agency organise or support. Discover the results of past events, which may provide useful reference or material for your work.

EVENT - meeting

Earth Explorers for Climate - The contribution from SMOS

To celebrate the 10th anniversary of the SMOS mission, a special event has been organised to look at the mission's contributions to science and research over the past decade.

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ACTIVITIES

Find the activities you need.

ACTIVITY - instrument characterisation and algorithm studies

ESA satellites and instruments calibration landing page

ESA satellites and instruments calibration landing page Read more

INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

a-spectrometers-radiometers

MIRAS

The MIRAS instrument is a passive microwave 2-D interferometric radiometer onboard the SMOS satellite.

OTHER RESOURCES

Browse through mission documentation and reports, and learn more about European Space Agency Earth Observation projects and opportunities.

DOCUMENT - Technical Note

1 Mar 2019

Earth Observation Requirements for the Polar Orbiting Platform Elements of the International Space Station

Polar Orbit Earth Observation requirements have been considered for the Space Station era. Candidate model payload groupings (both an initial set and an evolutionary growth) have been derived assuming the availability of serviceable permanent polar platforms, e.g. a "morning" platform provided by ESA, and an 11 afternoon" one by NASA. Download