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THEMATIC AREA
  • Agriculture
    • Agricultural Chemicals
    • Aquaculture
    • Crops and Yields
    • Diseases and Pests
    • Fisheries
    • Forestry
      • Afforestation/Reforestation
      • Forest Conservation/Protection
      • Forest Fires
      • Forest Management
      • Forest Mensuration/Inventory
    • Invasive Species
    • Plant Phenology
    • Reclamation, Revegetation and Restoration
    • Soils
      • Carbon
      • Organic Matter
      • Permafrost
      • Soil Classification
      • Soil Erosion
      • Soil Moisture
      • Soil Texture
  • Atmosphere
    • Aerosols
    • Air Quality
    • Altitude
    • Atmospheric Chemistry
    • Atmospheric Electricity
    • Atmospheric Pressure
    • Atmospheric Radiation
    • Atmospheric Temperature
    • Atmospheric Water Vapour
    • Atmospheric Winds
    • Clouds
    • Precipitation
    • Weather Events
  • Biosphere
    • Ecological Dynamics
    • Ecosystems
    • Vegetation
  • Climate
    • Atmospheric Indicators
    • Biospheric Indicators
    • Cryospheric Indicators
    • Environmental Vulnerability Index
    • Essential Climate Variables
    • Land Surface and Agriculture Indicators
    • Ocean Indicators
    • Paleoclimate Indicators
    • Sun-Earth Interaction Indicators
    • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Indicators
  • Cryosphere
  • Human Dimensions
    • Cultural Heritage
    • Energy and Natural Resources
    • Environmental Governance and Management
    • Environmental Impacts
    • Food Security
    • Habitat Conversion and Fragmentation
    • Human Settlements
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    • Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk
    • Population
    • Public Health
    • Security
    • Socioeconomics and Sustainability
  • Land Surface
    • Erosion and Sedimentation
    • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
    • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
    • Land Use and Land Cover
    • Landscape
    • Mapping and Cartography
    • Soils
      • Carbon
      • Organic Matter
      • Permafrost
      • Soil Classification
      • Soil Erosion
      • Soil Moisture
      • Soil Texture
    • Surface Radiative Properties
    • Surface Thermal Properties
    • Topography
  • Oceans
    • Aquaculture
    • Bathymetry and Seafloor Topography
    • Coastal Processes
      • Wetlands
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  • Solid Earth
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  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere
    • Coastal Processes
      • Wetlands
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    • Groundwater
      • Soil Moisture
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      • Lakes
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    • Water Quality and Water Chemistry
INSTRUMENT TYPE
MISSION
  • Aeolus
  • ALOS-1
  • Aura
  • Biomass
  • COSMO-SkyMed
  • CryoSat
  • Deimos
  • Deimos-1
  • Deimos-2
  • DMC First Generation
  • EarthCARE
  • Envisat
  • ERS
  • ERS-1
  • ERS-2
  • FLEX
  • GeoEye-1
  • GOCE
  • GOSAT
  • GRACE
  • ICEYE
  • IKONOS-2
  • IRS-1C
  • IRS-1D
  • IRS-P5
  • IRS-P6
  • IRS-R2
  • JERS-1
  • KOMPSAT-2
  • Landsat
  • Landsat-1
  • Landsat-2
  • Landsat-3
  • Landsat-4
  • Landsat-5
  • Landsat-7
  • Landsat-8
  • Metop
  • MSG
  • NOAA
  • OceanSat-2
  • ODIN
  • PAZ
  • PlanetScope
  • Pleiades
  • PROBA-1
  • PROBA-V
  • QuickBird-2
  • RADARSAT
  • RADARSAT-1
  • RADARSAT-2
  • RapidEye
  • SCISAT-1
  • Seasat
  • SkySat
  • SMOS
  • Spire
  • SPOT
  • SPOT 1
  • SPOT 2
  • SPOT 3
  • SPOT 4
  • SPOT 5
  • SPOT 6
  • SPOT 7
  • Swarm
  • TanDEM-X
  • TerraSAR-X
  • WorldView
  • WorldView-1
  • WorldView-2
  • WorldView-3

Missions

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with other agencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

Swarm
earth explorers

Swarm

Swarm is dedicated to creating a highly detailed survey of the Earth’s geomagnetic field and its temporal evolution as well as the electric field in the atmosphere using a constellation of three identical satellites.

Read more

INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

p-magnetic-field-electric-field-instruments

ACC (Swarm)

The Accelerometer measures the Swarm satellite’s non-gravitational acceleration in its respective orbit.

OTHER RESOURCES

Browse through mission documentation and reports, and learn more about European Space Agency Earth Observation projects and opportunities.

DOCUMENT - Product Specifications

1 Mar 2019

CZCS Level 1 Product CCT Format Specifications

NIMBUS CZCS (Coastal Zone Colour Scanner). Level 1 product CCT Format Specification. Download