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THEMATIC AREA
  • Agriculture
    • Agricultural Chemicals
    • Aquaculture
    • Crops and Yields
    • Diseases and Pests
    • Fisheries
    • Forestry
      • Afforestation/Reforestation
      • Forest Conservation/Protection
      • Forest Fires
      • Forest Management
      • Forest Mensuration/Inventory
    • Invasive Species
    • Plant Phenology
    • Reclamation, Revegetation and Restoration
    • Soils
      • Carbon
      • Organic Matter
      • Permafrost
      • Soil Classification
      • Soil Erosion
      • Soil Moisture
      • Soil Texture
  • Atmosphere
    • Aerosols
    • Air Quality
    • Altitude
    • Atmospheric Chemistry
    • Atmospheric Electricity
    • Atmospheric Pressure
    • Atmospheric Radiation
    • Atmospheric Temperature
    • Atmospheric Water Vapour
    • Atmospheric Winds
    • Clouds
    • Precipitation
    • Weather Events
  • Biosphere
  • Climate
    • Atmospheric Indicators
    • Biospheric Indicators
    • Cryospheric Indicators
    • Environmental Vulnerability Index
    • Essential Climate Variables
    • Land Surface and Agriculture Indicators
    • Ocean Indicators
    • Paleoclimate Indicators
    • Sun-Earth Interaction Indicators
    • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Indicators
  • Cryosphere
  • Human Dimensions
    • Cultural Heritage
    • Energy and Natural Resources
    • Environmental Governance and Management
    • Environmental Impacts
    • Food Security
    • Habitat Conversion and Fragmentation
    • Human Settlements
    • Infrastructure
    • Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk
    • Population
    • Public Health
    • Security
    • Socioeconomics and Sustainability
  • Land Surface
    • Erosion and Sedimentation
    • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
    • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
    • Land Use and Land Cover
    • Landscape
    • Mapping and Cartography
    • Soils
      • Carbon
      • Organic Matter
      • Permafrost
      • Soil Classification
      • Soil Erosion
      • Soil Moisture
      • Soil Texture
    • Surface Radiative Properties
    • Surface Thermal Properties
    • Topography
  • Oceans
  • Solid Earth
    • Earth Gases and Liquids
    • Geochemistry
    • Geodetics
    • Geomagnetism
    • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
    • Geothermal Dynamics
    • Gravity and Gravitational Field
    • Rocks, Minerals and Crystals
    • Tectonics
      • Earthquakes
      • Plate Tectonics
      • Volcanic Activity
  • Sun-Earth Interaction
    • Ionosphere and Magnetosphere Dynamics
    • Solar Activity
    • Solar Energetic Particle Flux
    • Solar Energetic Particle Properties
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere
    • Coastal Processes
      • Wetlands
    • Glaciers and Ice Sheets
    • Groundwater
    • Snow and Ice
    • Surface Water
      • Lakes
      • Rivers
      • Wetlands
    • Water Quality and Water Chemistry
INSTRUMENT TYPE
  • Altimeters
  • Imaging Radars
  • Interferometers
  • Interferometric Radiometers
  • Magnetic Field/Electric Field Instruments
  • Magnetic/Motion Sensors
  • P-SAR
  • Photon/Optical Detectors
  • Positioning/Navigation
  • Profilers/Sounders
  • Radar Spectrometers
  • Scatterometers
  • Spectrometers
  • Spectrometers/Radiometers
  • Thermal/Radiation Detectors
MISSION
  • Aeolus
  • ALOS-1
  • Aura
  • Biomass
  • COSMO-SkyMed
  • CryoSat
  • Deimos
  • Deimos-1
  • Deimos-2
  • DMC First Generation
  • EarthCARE
  • Envisat
  • ERS
  • ERS-1
  • ERS-2
  • FLEX
  • GeoEye-1
  • GOCE
  • GOSAT
  • GRACE
  • ICEYE
  • IKONOS-2
  • IRS-1C
  • IRS-1D
  • IRS-P5
  • IRS-P6
  • IRS-R2
  • JERS-1
  • KOMPSAT-2
  • Landsat
  • Landsat-1
  • Landsat-2
  • Landsat-3
  • Landsat-4
  • Landsat-5
  • Landsat-7
  • Landsat-8
  • Metop
  • MSG
  • NOAA
  • OceanSat-2
  • ODIN
  • PAZ
  • PlanetScope
  • Pleiades
  • PROBA-1
  • PROBA-V
  • QuickBird-2
  • RADARSAT
  • RADARSAT-1
  • RADARSAT-2
  • RapidEye
  • SCISAT-1
  • Seasat
  • SkySat
  • SMOS
  • Spire
  • SPOT
  • SPOT 1
  • SPOT 2
  • SPOT 3
  • SPOT 4
  • SPOT 5
  • SPOT 6
  • SPOT 7
  • Swarm
  • TanDEM-X
  • TerraSAR-X
  • WorldView
  • WorldView-1
  • WorldView-2
  • WorldView-3
INSTRUMENT

News

Discover the latest news on the European Space Agency's Earth Observation activities. Learn all about new data availability and how ESA's missions are performing.

general news

New SMOS sea surface wind speed products now available

The SMOS Wind Data Service provides, in near real time (NRT), surface wind speed over the ocean derived from the brightness temperature measurements of SMOS.

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Missions

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with other agencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

SMOS
earth explorers

SMOS

The Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission is dedicated to making global observations of soil moisture over land and salinity over oceans

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INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

a-spectrometers-radiometers

MIRAS

The MIRAS instrument is a passive microwave 2-D interferometric radiometer onboard the SMOS satellite.