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THEMATIC AREA
  • Agriculture
    • Agricultural Chemicals
    • Aquaculture
    • Crops and Yields
    • Diseases and Pests
    • Fisheries
    • Forestry
      • Afforestation/Reforestation
      • Forest Conservation/Protection
      • Forest Fires
      • Forest Management
      • Forest Mensuration/Inventory
    • Invasive Species
    • Plant Phenology
    • Reclamation, Revegetation and Restoration
    • Soils
      • Carbon
      • Organic Matter
      • Permafrost
      • Soil Classification
      • Soil Erosion
      • Soil Moisture
      • Soil Texture
  • Atmosphere
    • Aerosols
    • Air Quality
    • Altitude
    • Atmospheric Chemistry
    • Atmospheric Electricity
    • Atmospheric Pressure
    • Atmospheric Radiation
    • Atmospheric Temperature
    • Atmospheric Water Vapour
    • Atmospheric Winds
    • Clouds
    • Precipitation
    • Weather Events
  • Biosphere
    • Ecological Dynamics
    • Ecosystems
    • Vegetation
  • Climate
    • Atmospheric Indicators
    • Biospheric Indicators
    • Cryospheric Indicators
    • Environmental Vulnerability Index
    • Essential Climate Variables
    • Land Surface and Agriculture Indicators
    • Ocean Indicators
    • Paleoclimate Indicators
    • Sun-Earth Interaction Indicators
    • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Indicators
  • Cryosphere
    • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
    • Glaciers and Ice Sheets
    • Sea Ice
    • Snow and Ice
  • Human Dimensions
    • Cultural Heritage
    • Energy and Natural Resources
    • Environmental Governance and Management
    • Environmental Impacts
    • Food Security
    • Habitat Conversion and Fragmentation
    • Human Settlements
    • Infrastructure
    • Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk
    • Population
    • Public Health
    • Security
    • Socioeconomics and Sustainability
  • Land Surface
    • Erosion and Sedimentation
    • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
    • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
    • Land Use and Land Cover
    • Landscape
    • Mapping and Cartography
    • Soils
      • Carbon
      • Organic Matter
      • Permafrost
      • Soil Classification
      • Soil Erosion
      • Soil Moisture
      • Soil Texture
    • Surface Radiative Properties
    • Surface Thermal Properties
    • Topography
  • Oceans
    • Aquaculture
    • Bathymetry and Seafloor Topography
    • Coastal Processes
      • Wetlands
    • Fisheries
    • Marine Environment Monitoring
    • Marine Geophysics
    • Marine Sediments
    • Ocean Chemistry
    • Ocean Circulation
    • Ocean Heat Budget
    • Ocean Optics
    • Ocean Temperature
    • Ocean Waves
    • Salinity and Density
    • Sea Ice
    • Sea Surface Topography
    • Tides
    • Water Quality
  • Solid Earth
    • Earth Gases and Liquids
    • Geochemistry
    • Geodetics
    • Geomagnetism
    • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
    • Geothermal Dynamics
    • Gravity and Gravitational Field
    • Rocks, Minerals and Crystals
    • Tectonics
      • Earthquakes
      • Plate Tectonics
      • Volcanic Activity
  • Sun-Earth Interaction
    • Ionosphere and Magnetosphere Dynamics
    • Solar Activity
    • Solar Energetic Particle Flux
    • Solar Energetic Particle Properties
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere
    • Coastal Processes
      • Wetlands
    • Glaciers and Ice Sheets
    • Groundwater
      • Soil Moisture
    • Snow and Ice
    • Surface Water
      • Lakes
      • Rivers
      • Wetlands
    • Water Quality and Water Chemistry
MISSION

News

Discover the latest news on the European Space Agency's Earth Observation activities. Learn all about new data availability and how ESA's missions are performing.

general news

Fire red lines

Sentinel-2 captures one of the largest wildfires recorded in Arizona, US. It has destroyed swathes of vegetation across Superstition Mountain.

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general news

Rare lava lake

This Copernicus Sentinel-2 image shows Mount Michael, an activate stratovolcano in the South Sandwich Islands in the Atlantic Ocean.

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general news

German wildfire

A wildfire broke out at a military training site in Lübtheen, Germany.

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general news

Desert greenery

World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought initiative celebrates the 25 years of progress made in sustainable land management.

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general news

Unexpected snow in Australia

This image, captured on 4 June by Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission, shows the unusual layer of snow over the Southern Tablelands, Australia.

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scientific highlights

Jakobshavn Isbrae Glacier bucks the trend

Recent findings show that one glacier is not conforming to the norm – it's actually been flowing more slowly and getting thicker.

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Missions

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with other agencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

EarthCARE
earth explorers

EarthCARE

EarthCARE will examine the role clouds and aerosols play in trapping infrared radiation emitted from Earth's surface.

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RapidEye
third party missions

RapidEye

Together, the five RapidEye satellites are capable of collecting over 4 million square kilometres of 5 m resolution, 5-band colour imagery every day.

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Events

Learn about upcoming Earth observation conferences, workshops and training courses that the European Space Agency organise or support. Discover the results of past events, which may provide useful reference or material for your work.

EVENT - training

Advanced Ocean Synergy Training Course

An Advanced Ocean Synergy Training Course organised by ESA will be held in Chania, Crete, Greece from 4 to 8 November 2019.

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EVENT - meeting

3rd Sentinel-2 Validation Team Meeting

This Sentinel-2 Validation Team (S2VT) meeting was the third edition of a meeting series, initiated in 2016. The S2VT is organised under the auspices of ESA, CNES, and ENSEEIHT.

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TOOLS & TOOLBOXES

Find the tools you need to visualise, analyse and process the European Space Agency's Earth observation data.

TOOLS - analysis

SNAP

SNAP is a common architecture for all Sentinel Toolboxes. Read more

ACTIVITIES

Find the activities you need.

ACTIVITY - cal/val activities

S2L8VegStruc

The Retrieval of vegetation structural variables from Sentinel-2/Landsat 8 time series study's objective is to test and validate the capabilities for the retrieval of structural variables. Read more

INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

a-radar-spectrometers

Return-Beam Vidicon (RBV)

The Return-Beam Vidicon (RBV) instrument was flown on board the Landsat 1 to 3 satellites.