THEMATIC AREA
  • Agriculture
    • Agricultural Chemicals
    • Aquaculture
    • Crops and Yields
    • Diseases and Pests
    • Fisheries
    • Forestry
      • Afforestation/Reforestation
      • Forest Conservation/Protection
      • Forest Fires
      • Forest Management
      • Forest Mensuration/Inventory
    • Invasive Species
    • Plant Phenology
    • Reclamation, Revegetation and Restoration
    • Soils
      • Carbon
      • Organic Matter
      • Permafrost
      • Soil Classification
      • Soil Erosion
      • Soil Moisture
      • Soil Texture
  • Atmosphere
    • Aerosols
    • Air Quality
    • Altitude
    • Atmospheric Chemistry
    • Atmospheric Electricity
    • Atmospheric Pressure
    • Atmospheric Radiation
    • Atmospheric Temperature
    • Atmospheric Water Vapour
    • Atmospheric Winds
    • Clouds
    • Precipitation
    • Weather Events
  • Biosphere
    • Ecological Dynamics
    • Ecosystems
    • Vegetation
  • Climate
    • Atmospheric Indicators
    • Biospheric Indicators
    • Cryospheric Indicators
    • Environmental Vulnerability Index
    • Essential Climate Variables
    • Land Surface and Agriculture Indicators
    • Ocean Indicators
    • Paleoclimate Indicators
    • Sun-Earth Interaction Indicators
    • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Indicators
  • Cryosphere
    • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
    • Glaciers and Ice Sheets
    • Sea Ice
    • Snow and Ice
  • Human Dimensions
    • Cultural Heritage
    • Energy and Natural Resources
    • Environmental Governance and Management
    • Environmental Impacts
    • Food Security
    • Habitat Conversion and Fragmentation
    • Human Settlements
    • Infrastructure
    • Natural Hazards and Disaster Risk
    • Population
    • Public Health
    • Security
    • Socioeconomics and Sustainability
  • Land Surface
    • Erosion and Sedimentation
    • Frozen Ground and Permafrost
    • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
    • Land Use and Land Cover
    • Landscape
    • Mapping and Cartography
    • Soils
      • Carbon
      • Organic Matter
      • Permafrost
      • Soil Classification
      • Soil Erosion
      • Soil Moisture
      • Soil Texture
    • Surface Radiative Properties
    • Surface Thermal Properties
    • Topography
  • Oceans
    • Aquaculture
    • Bathymetry and Seafloor Topography
    • Coastal Processes
      • Wetlands
    • Fisheries
    • Marine Environment Monitoring
    • Marine Geophysics
    • Marine Sediments
    • Ocean Chemistry
    • Ocean Circulation
    • Ocean Heat Budget
    • Ocean Optics
    • Ocean Temperature
    • Ocean Waves
    • Salinity and Density
    • Sea Ice
    • Sea Surface Topography
    • Tides
    • Water Quality
  • Solid Earth
    • Earth Gases and Liquids
    • Geochemistry
    • Geodetics
    • Geomagnetism
    • Geomorphic Landforms and Processes
    • Geothermal Dynamics
    • Gravity and Gravitational Field
    • Rocks, Minerals and Crystals
    • Tectonics
      • Earthquakes
      • Plate Tectonics
      • Volcanic Activity
  • Sun-Earth Interaction
    • Ionosphere and Magnetosphere Dynamics
    • Solar Activity
    • Solar Energetic Particle Flux
    • Solar Energetic Particle Properties
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere
    • Coastal Processes
      • Wetlands
    • Glaciers and Ice Sheets
    • Groundwater
      • Soil Moisture
    • Snow and Ice
    • Surface Water
      • Lakes
      • Rivers
      • Wetlands
    • Water Quality and Water Chemistry
INSTRUMENT TYPE
INSTRUMENT

Data

Discover and download the Earth observation data you need from the broad catalogue of missions the European Space Agency operate and support.

other

Data registration and proposals profile

Access your profile to see your requested data products or registrations and proposals you have submitted. An active EO-SSO account is required.

News

Discover the latest news on the European Space Agency's Earth Observation activities. Learn all about new data availability and how ESA's missions are performing.

general news

The Earthnet Programme: 40 years of evolution and future challenges

ESA's Earthnet Programme provided the initial means to access and exploit Earth Observation data.

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scientific highlights

New life for Landsat historical data

45 years of data, more than 1.8 million images, these are the numbers of an adventure started 48 years ago with the launch of the first Landsat satellite.

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Missions

Explore the European Space Agency's Earth Observation satellite missions. Learn all about ESA's dedicated Earth Explorers or collaborations with other agencies through the Third Party Missions programme.

Landsat Series
third party missions

Landsat Series

The Landsat series is the world's longest running system of satellites for moderate-resolution optical remote sensing for land, coastal areas and shallow waters.

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Landsat 4 and Landsat 5
third party missions

Landsat 4 and Landsat 5

The Landsat 4 and 5 missions were active between 1982 and 2013, and continue the Landsat programme's goal of providing moderate-resolution optical remote sensing for land, coastal areas and shallow waters.

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INSTRUMENTS

Explore the many instruments the European Space Agency use to observe the Earth. ESA offer data from a wide range of optical, radar, atmospheric, altimetric and gravimetric instrumentation.

a-spectrometers-radiometers

Thematic Mapper (TM)

The Thematic Mapper (TM) was a multispectral scanning radiometer on Landsat 4 and Landsat 5.

a-spectrometers-radiometers

Multi Spectral Scanner (MSS)

The Multi Spectral Scanner (MSS) instrument was carried aboard the Landsat 1 to 5 satellites.

p-thermal-radiation-detectors

Thermal Infra-Red Scanner (TIRS)

TIRS on Landsat 8 is a thermal imager that supplements observations from the OLI instrument.

p-photon-optical-detectors

Operational Land Imager (OLI)

The OLI, on board Landsat 8, measures in the visible, near infrared, and short wave infrared.

Campaigns

Learn about the ground-based, ship-borne, balloon-borne, and airborne campaigns and small satellite field experiments that validate orbiting ESA EO satellites and support future mission development.

THERMOPOLIS

THERMOPOLIS

The THERMOPOLIS 2009 campaign mainly served the DUE “Urban Heat islands (UHI) and Urban Thermography (UT) Project”

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OTHER RESOURCES

Browse through mission documentation and reports, and learn more about European Space Agency Earth Observation projects and opportunities.

DOCUMENT - Technical Note

1 Mar 2019

Monitoring the Earth's Environment

A Pilot Project compaign on LANDSAT Thematic Mapper Applications 1985-87 Download